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I agree, Momo. Her Newsletters gives me hours of reading enjoyment! :pc_coffee:


Thank you Snowmom for all you do to keep providing them for us.

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So glad you are reading the News Letters and I really appreciate the comments, thank you both. :)


There are times I don't get to it on time, but, I try. :)



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Mrs. S. Newsletter

Happy New Year



Hey Annarchy, could you help me out please? I keep trying to put the image on and its not working...

10. Pinching Pennies: PENNIES6.jpg


Cheating on the Chicken House


My Internet access is messed up again so can't get at any more. [long talk with good service person with our provider and have some things to follow up ....try to see if we can discover what suddenly sent up over our usage... ack! cuz now we're at DIAL-UP SPEEDS]

MtRider Riding the oxcart instead of the bullet train again...


13. WWW: COMPUTER5.gif



14. Mrs. Survival's Survival and Preparation Manual: BOOKLETS.jpg


Survival Quiz

Posted by: Rokko


After reading through MrsSurvival's Survival and Preparation Manual you might want to test your survival savvy at http://Survival-Quiz.com where you can have fun with a serious subject.

The following is from: http://www.50states.com/facts/calif.htm


1.California's Mount Whitney measures as the highest peak in the lower 48 states. Its most famous climb is Mount Whitney Trail to the 14,495 feet summit. Wilderness permits are required.

2.In 1925 a giant sequoia located in California's Kings Canyon National Park was named the nation's national Christmas tree. The tree is over 300 feet in height.

3.More turkeys are raised in California than in any other state in the United States.

4.Pacific Park, on the venerable Santa Monica Pier, re-creates the amusement parks once dotting the ocean areas along the Pacific Coast. Featured are 11 amusement rides including the 1910-vintage hand-carved merry-go-round appearing in the movie "The Sting."

5.Alpine County is the eighth smallest of California's 58 counties. It has no high school, ATMs, dentists, banks, or traffic lights.

6.Fallbrook is known as the Avocado Capital of the World and hosts an annual Avocado Festival. More avocados are grown in the region than any other county in the nation.

7.In the late 1850s, Kennedy Mine, located in Jackson, served as one of the richest gold mines in the world and the deepest mine in North America.

8.An animal called the riparian brush rabbit calls Caswell Memorial State Park (near Manteca) its home. Endemic only to the state's park system, the critter lives in approximately 255 acres stretching along the area's once-vast hardwood forest.

9.In Pacific Grove there is a law on the books establishing a $500 fine for molesting butterflies.

10.The largest three-day rodeo in the United States is held on the Tehama County Fairgrounds in Red Bluff.

11.Demonstrations on making toothpaste from orange by-products were popular attractions at the Los Angeles County fair in 1922. The fair is held in Pomona.

12.Located in Sacramento, the California State Railroad Museum is the largest museum of its kind in North America.

13.Several celebrities are buried at Hillside Cemetery in Culver City. Included gravesites are those of Al Jolson, George Jessel, Eddie Canter, Jack Benny, and Percy Faith.

14.California Caverns claims the distinction of being the most extensive system of caverns and passageways in the Mother Lode region of the state.

15.Totaling nearly three million acres, San Bernardino County is the largest county in the country.

16.On Catalina Island in 1926, American author Zane Grey built a pueblo-style home on the hillside overlooking Avalon Bay. He spent much of his later life in Avalon. The home is now a hotel.

17.Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuge contains the largest winter population of bald eagles in the continental United States.

18.Author Richard Dana (1851-1882) wrote the novel "Two Years Before the Mast." He inspired the name for the beach community of Dana Point.

19.In Atwater the Castle Air Museum has the largest display of military aircraft in the state.

20.The Country Store in Baker has sold more winning California State Lottery tickets than any outlet in the state.

21.Reputed to be the most corrupt politician in Fresno County history, Vice-leader Joseph Spinney was mayor for only ten minutes.

22.The Iron Door Saloon in Groveland claims to be the oldest drinking establishment in the state. It was constructed in 1852.

23.The Hollywood Bowl is the world's largest outdoor amphitheater.

24.The first person to personally receive a star on the Walk of Fame in Hollywood was actress Joanne Woodward. She received it in 1960.

25.Death Valley is recognized as the hottest, driest place in the United States. It isn't uncommon for the summer temperatures to reach more than 115 degrees.

26.The first motion picture theater opened in Los Angeles on April 2, 1902.

27.Inyo National Forest is home to the bristle cone pine, the oldest living species. Some of the gnarled trees are thought to be over 4,600 years old.

28.San Francisco Bay is considered the world's largest landlocked harbor.

29.Sequoia National Park contains the largest living tree. Its trunk is 102 feet in circumference.

30.Yorba Linda is home to the Richard Nixon Library.

31.The Coachella Valley is nicknamed The Date Capital of the world and The Playground of Presidents.

32.One out of every eight United States residents lives in California.

33.California is the first state to ever reach a trillion dollar economy in gross state product.

34.California has the largest economy in the states of the union.

35.If California's economic size were measured by itself to other countries, it would rank the 7th largest economy in the world.

36.Los Angeles is ranked the fourth largest economy in the United States compared to other states.

37.Simi Valley is the home of the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library and Museum.

38.It is estimated there are approximately 500,000 detectable seismic tremors in California annually.

39.During his engagement at the Fillmore West in San Francisco, Otis Redding stayed on a houseboat in Sausalito. While there he wrote his last song and greatest hit: "The Dock of the Bay."

40.The state motto is Eureka!, a Greek word translated "I have found it!" The motto was adopted in 1849 and alludes to the discovery of gold in the Sierra Nevada.

41.California is known variously as The Land of Milk and Honey, The El Dorado State, The Golden State, and The Grape State.

42.There are more than 300,000 tons of grapes grown in California annually.

43.California produces more than 17 million gallons of wine each year.

44.The redwood is the official state tree. Some of the giant redwoods in Sequoia National Park are more than 2,000 years old.

45.The California poppy is the official state flower. The California grizzly bear (Ursus californicus) is the official state animal.

46.California holds two of the top ten most populous cities: Los Angeles and San Diego.

47.Fresno proclaims itself the Raisin Capital of the World.

48.The highest and lowest points in the continental United States are within 100 miles of one another. Mount Whitney measures 14,495 feet and Bad Water in Death Valley is 282 feet below sea level.

49.Castroville is known as the Artichoke Capital of the World. In 1947 a young woman named Norma Jean was crowned Castroville's first Artichoke Queen. She went on to become actress Marilyn Monroe.

50.California's Proposition 215 (1996) was the first statewide medical marijuana initiative to pass in the USA - keeping attorneys busy for years.


Decided to do 2 states or it would take me 12.5 years to get them all in. :)


The following is found at: http://www.50states.com/facts/colorado.htm#.Us3LssKA270


1."Beulah red" is the name of the red marble that gives the Colorado State Capitol its distinctive splendor. Cutting, polishing, and installing the marble in the Capitol took six years, from 1894 to 1900. All of the "Beulah red" marble in the world went into the Capitol. It cannot be replaced, at any price.

2.Colorado is the only state in history, to turn down the Olympics. In 1976 the Winter Olympics were planned to be held in Denver. 62% of all state Voters choose at almost the last minute not to host the Olympics, because of the cost, pollution and population boom it would have on the State Of Colorado, and the City of Denver.

3.The United States Air Force Academy is located in Colorado Springs.

4.The world's largest flat-top mountain is in Grand Mesa.

5. In Fruita, the town folk celebrate 'Mike the Headless Chicken Day'. Seems that a farmer named L.A. Olsen cut off Mike's head on September 10, 1945 in anticipation of a chicken dinner - and Mike lived for another 4 years without a head.

6.The LoDo region of Denver stands for Lower Downtown.

7.Denver, lays claim to the invention of the cheeseburger. The trademark for the name Cheeseburger was awarded in 1935 to Louis Ballast.

8.The highest paved road in North America is the Road to Mt. Evans off of I-70 from Idaho Springs. The Road climbs up to 14,258 Ft. above sea level.

9.Colorado means “colored red” and is known as the “Centennial State.”

10.The Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad continues to provide year round train service operating a historical train with rolling stock indigenous to the line. The line was constructed primarily to haul mine ores, both gold and silver, from the San Juan Mountains.

11.The United States federal government owns more than 1/3 of the land in Colorado.

12.Colorado contains 75% of the land area of the U.S. with an altitude over 10,000 feet.

13.Colorado has 222 state wildlife areas.

14.Colfax Avenue in Denver is the longest continuous street in America.

15.The 13th step of the state capital building in Denver is exactly 1 mile high above sea level.

16.The Dwight Eisenhower Memorial Tunnel between Clear Creek & Summit counties is the highest auto tunnel in the world. Bored at an elevation of 11,000 feet under the Continental Divide it is 8,960 feet long and the average daily traffic exceeds 26,000 vehicles.

17.Leadville is the highest incorporated city in the United States at 10,430 feet elevation. Because there was lots of "silver" named towns at the time, the founding fathers suggested Leadville.

18.Katherine Lee Bates wrote “America the Beautiful” after being inspired by the view from Pikes Peak.

19.Hundreds of thousands of valentines are re-mailed each year from Loveland.

20.Fountain, has the distinction of being the United States' millennium city because it best symbolizes the overall composition of America. Fountain is the most accurate representation of the American "melting pot." Fountain was chosen after a Queens College sociologist crunched Census Bureau statistics in an effort to find the one city in the country that best represented the population make-up of the United States.

21.Pueblo is the only city in America with four living recipients of the Medal of Honor.

22.The tallest building in Colorado is the Republic Plaza at 57 stories high, in Denver.

23.Every year Denver host the worlds largest Rodeo, the Western Stock show.

24.Denver has the largest city park system in the nation with 205 parks in City limits and 20,000 Acres of parks in the nearby mountains.

25.Dove Creek is the "Pinto Bean" capital of the world.

26.The tallest sand dune in America is in Great Sand Dunes National Monument outside of Alamosa. This bizarre 46,000-acre landscape of 700-foot sand peaks was the creation of ocean waters and wind more than one million years ago.

27.The World's First Rodeo was held on July 4th, 1869 in Deer Trail.

28.Lieutenant Zebulon Montgomery Pike explored the southwest portion of the Louisiana Territory in 1806 and though he never climbed the peak that bears his name, he did publish a report that attracted a lot of interest to the area.

29.The slogan of "Pikes Peak or Bust," painted across many of the prairie schooners, was born at a time as fortune hunters headed west. Although only a handful of those who flocked to the region ever found gold.

30.At 14,110 feet above sea level over 400,000 people ascend Pikes Peak each year.

31.The aptly named town of Twin Lakes lays adjacent two natural lakes at the foot of Colorado's highest Fourteener, Mt. Elbert.

32.The Colorado Rockies are part of the North American Cordillera, which stretches 3,000 miles from Alaska, through western Canada and the United States, into northern Mexico. The centerpieces of this dramatic uplift are the peaks over 14,000 feet, or "Fourteeners", as they are affectionately referred to by climbers. There are 52 Fourteeners in Colorado.

33.Rocky Ford has been dubbed the "melon capital of the world."

34.The Yampa River below the northwest town of Craig holds northern pike in the 20-pound range, while the Roaring Fork and Frying Pan rivers are prime spots for trout fishing.

35.Colorado has the highest mean altitude of all the states.

36.Mesa Verde features an elaborate four-story city carved in the cliffs by the Ancestral Pueblo people between 600 and 1300 A.D. The mystery surrounding this ancient cultural landmark is the sudden disappearance of the thousands of inhabitants who created the more than 4,000 identified structures.

37.Colorado has more microbreweries per capita than any other state.

38.The Kit Carson County Carousel in Burlington dates back to 1905, making it the oldest wooden merry-go-round in the United States. It is the only wooden carousel in America still with its original paint.

39.The Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad has been in continuous operation since 1881 and has appeared in more than a dozen movies including How the West Was Won (1963) and Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969).

40.The highest suspension bridge in the world is over the Royal Gorge near Canon City. The Royal Gorge Bridge spans the Arkansas River at a height of 1,053 feet.

41.The world's largest natural hot springs pool located in Glenwood Springs. The two-block long pool is across the street from the historic Hotel Colorado, a favorite stop of former president Teddy Roosevelt.

42.Built in 1867 by Seth Lake, the Astor House in Golden was the first stone hotel built west of the Mississippi River.

43.Colorado's southwest corner borders Arizona, New Mexico and Utah the only place in America where the corners of four states meet.

44.There are nearly 20 rivers whose headwaters begin in Colorado, with the Continental Divide directing each river's course.

45.The Colorado Rockies play at the 50,000 seat Coors Field, located in downtown Denver.

46.In 1859, John Gregory discovered "The Gregory Lode" in a gulch near Central City. Within two weeks, the gold rush was on and within two months the population grew to 10,000 people in search of their fortune. It came to be known as "The Richest Square Mile on Earth".

47.Colorado's first and oldest military post, Fort Garland was established in 1858 and commanded by the legendary frontiersman Kit Carson.

48.Abundant nesting and migrating birds and other native animals provide a "world-class" watchable wildlife experience. Bald eagles and other raptors, sandhill cranes, shore birds and water birds can be seen seasonally at San Luis Lakes near Alamosa.

49.Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument near Cripple Creek is a lesson in history set in the one-time shadow of the Guffey Volcano. The volcano erupted millions of years ago, creating fossils and leaving the valley filled with petrified trees.

50.John Henry "Doc" Holliday's brief and tumultuous existence led him to Glenwood Springs where he succumbed to tuberculosis and died at the Hotel Glenwood on November 8, 1887.

51.Thanks to: Colorado Travel & Tourism Authority


I would like to say, "Happy Birthday, Happy Anniversary to all of those who have had Birthdays and Anniversaries and I missed and those who are having Birthdays, and Anniversaries in these next 3 months.


I wish you all a HAPPY NEW YEAR.




to all who read this and let me know. :) I love the feedback. :)



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Thank you, Snowmom!


I see I have to wait until March 9th to panic. LOL


I really enjoy all the info you put into your newsletters.

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Thanks Snowmom, I really enjoy the tidbits you put in the letter. I'm waiting for March 8th so I can see what being being nasty is like. :engel-smilies-10-1:






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This url will not work here, but, if you go to the thread, it will work from there.


This is really sad. Snowmom


5. Nature's Perscriptions: http://www.doomandbl...l -supplies.html today and they suggested for an eye wash- weak Chamomile tea (1 tea bag for 2 cups water) makes a great eye wash also, may add 1/2 teaspoon raw honey to the tea for pink eye treatments. Guess I will make sure I have lots of Chamomile and that I have it planted in the herb garden.

The url in this will not work, but, if you go to the thread, it will work from there.


6. Preserving the Harvest http://health.yahoo....hings-your-food

(This url will not work from here, but, if you go to the thread, it will work.)

The 11 Scariest Things in Your Food
By Bill Phillips and the Editors of Men's Health
Feb 09, 2013


I always tell my daughters they can make a difference in the world, even at their tender ages of 10 and 7. To them, I probably sound like the teacher from Peanuts—they're more interested in soccer and American Girl right now—but I hope the lesson eventually sinks in.

Herbicide1.jpgMy latest example of a kid heroics for them: 15-year-old Sarah Kavanagh from Hattiesburg, Mississippi, who gathered more than 200,000 signatures in her online petition asking Gatorade to remove a controversial flame-retardant chemical. Last week, Gatorade announced that they would be removing the ingredient, brominated vegetable oil (BVO), within the next couple of months. That's great news—especially for me personally, because I love the stuff! Actually, so do my daughters.

While Gatorade spokeswoman Molly Carter said the decision wasn’t in response to Sarah’s petition, the teen is claiming victory. Either way, we all win.

Truth is, chemicals that are used as weed killer, flame retardant, and sunscreen are startlingly common in your supermarket. But you won’t find “carcinogens,” “paint chemicals,” or “beaver anal gland juice” on the back panel. They’ll be hidden under names like “Butylated HydroxyAnisole” or “natural flavoring.” Break through the science experiment to find out what you’re really eating.

Here are the 11 scariest ingredients in your food:
Soda1.jpgAcesulfame Potassium (Acesulfame-K)

WHAT IT IS: A calorie-free artificial sweetener 200 times sweeter than sugar. It is often used with other artificial sweeteners to mask a bitter aftertaste.
FOUND IN: More than 5,000 food products worldwide, including diet soft drinks and no-sugar-added ice cream. Click here to discover The Strange Reason Diet Soda Makes You Fat.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW: Although the FDA has approved it for use in most foods, many health and industry insiders claim that the decision was based on flawed tests. Animal studies have linked the chemical to lung and breast tumors and thyroid problems.

WHAT IT IS: A near-zero-calorie artificial sweetener made by combining two amino acids with methanol. Most commonly used in diet soda, aspartame is 180 times sweeter than sugar.
FOUND IN: More than 6,000 grocery items including diet sodas, yogurts, and the table-top sweeteners NutraSweet and Equal. (Did you know that most flavored yogurt is a step above ice cream? Find out the 25 New Healthy Foods That Aren’t.)
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW: Over the past 30 years, the FDA has received thousands of consumer complaints due mostly to neurological symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, memory loss, and, in rare cases, epileptic seizures. Many studies have shown aspartame to be completely harmless, while others indicate that the additive might be responsible for a range of cancers.

STRANGE BUT TRUE: If beating asthma with sweet potatoes sounds too good to be true, wait till you read these 14 crazy-sounding (but completely true) health tips!
IcingBowl1.jpgTitanium Dioxide

WHAT IT IS: A component of the metallic element titanium commonly used in paints and sunscreens. The food industry adds it to hundreds of products to make overly processed items appear whiter.
FOUND IN: Processed salad dressing, coffee creamers, and icing.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW: Titanium is a mined substance that's sometimes contaminated with toxic lead. Plus, most white dressings (like creamy ranch) aren’t great for you anyway. Both your health and your waistline will fare better if you go with an olive oil- or vinegar-based salad topper instead.

WHAT IT IS: The active ingredient in the popular week killer Roundup. It’s used on corn and soy crops genetically engineered to withstand a heavy dousing of the chemical.
FOUND IN: Most nonorganic packaged foods containing corn- and soy-derived ingredients. Because it’s a systemic herbicide, it’s taken up by the plant—meaning you eat it.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW: Glyphosphate exposure is linked to obesity, learning disabilities, and infertility.

BONUS TIP: For simple steps to live a longer and healthier life, check out Dr. Oz's 25 Greatest Health Tips Ever.
Cereal1.jpgButylated HydroxyAnisole (BHA)

WHAT IT IS: A petroleum-derived antioxidant used to preserve fats and oils.
FOUND IN: Beer, crackers, cereals, butter, and foods with added fats.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW: Studies have shown BHA to cause cancer in the forestomachs of rats, mice, and hamsters. The Department of Health and Human Services classifies the preservative as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen."
Frozen1.jpgInteresterified Fat

WHAT IT IS: A semi-soft fat created by chemically blending fully hydrogenated and non-hydrogenated oils. It was developed in response to the public demand for an alternative to trans fats.
FOUND IN: Pastries, pies, margarine, frozen dinners, and canned soups.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW: Testing on these fats has not been extensive, but the early evidence doesn't look promising. A study by Malaysian researchers showed a 4-week diet of 12 percent interesterified fats increased the ratio of LDL to HDL cholesterol. Furthermore, this study showed an increase in blood glucose levels and a decrease in insulin response.
Icing1.jpgRed #3 (Erythrosine) and Red #40 (Allura Red)

WHAT THEY ARE: Food dyes that are orange-red and cherry red, respectively. Red #40 is the most widely used food dye in America.
FOUND IN: Fruit cocktail, candy, chocolate cake, cereal, beverages, pastries, maraschino cherries, and fruit snacks. (Confused by now about what you can eat? We scoured the supermarket for the 125 Best Packaged Foods in America.)
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW: The FDA has proposed a ban on Red #3 in the past, but so far the agency has been unsuccessful in implementing it. After the dye was inextricably linked to thyroid tumors in rat studies, the FDA managed to have the liquid form of the dye removed from external drugs and cosmetics.
Cookie1.jpgYellow #5 (Tartrazine) and Yellow #6 (Sunset Yellow)

WHAT THEY ARE: The second and third most common food colorings, respectively.
FOUND IN: Cereal, pudding, bread mix, beverages, chips, cookies, and condiments.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW: Several studies have linked both dyes to learning and concentration disorders in children, and there are piles of animal studies demonstrating potential risks such as kidney and intestinal tumors. One study found that mice fed high doses of sunset yellow had trouble swimming straight and righting themselves in water. The FDA does not view these as serious risks to humans.

WHAT IT IS: Beaver anal gland juice. Really. Beavers combine it with their urine to mark their territory.
FOUND IN: Vanilla or raspberry flavoring in processed foods, labeled only as “natural flavoring.”
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW: It’s beaver anal gland juice.


There are pictures in the thread, so please read it. It will sure make you stop and think.


8. The Spa http://richards-crea...s_Children.html


If you can't get this url to work, please go to the thread, I'm sure it will work from there.


The following is from: http://www.50states.com/facts/conn.htm



1.The first telephone book ever issued contained only fifty names. The New Haven District Telephone Company published it in New Haven in February 1878.

2.The USS Nautilus - the world's first nuclear powered submarine was built in Groton in 1954.

3.Connecticut and Rhode Island never ratified the 18th Amendment (Prohibition).

4.In 1705, copper was discovered in Simsbury. Later, the copper mine became the infamous New-Gate Prison of the Revolutionary War. Doctor Samuel Higley of Simsbury started the first copper coinage in America in 1737.

5.The Scoville Memorial Library is the United States oldest public library. The library collection began in 1771, when Richard Smith, owner of a local blast furnace, used community contributions to buy 200 books in London. Patrons could borrow and return books on the third Monday of every third month. Fees were collected for damages, the most common being "greasing" by wax dripped from the candles by which the patrons read.

6.On April 9, 1810, a Salisbury town meeting voted to authorize the "selectmen draw upon the town treasurer for the sum of one hundred dollars" to purchase more books for the Scoville Memorial Library collection, making the library the first publicly supported free town library in the United States.

7.Mary Kies, of South Killingly was the first woman to receive a U.S. patent. On May 15th, 1809 for a method of weaving straw with silk.

8.On January 28, 1878, 21 venturous citizens of New Haven became the world's first subscribers to telephone exchange service.

9.America's first trade association was founded in Naugatuck Valley.

10.Cattle branding in the United States began in Connecticut when farmers were required by law to mark all of their pigs.

11.In Hartford, you may not, under any circumstances, cross the street walking on your hands!

12.Connecticut is home to the oldest U.S. newspaper still being published: The Hartford Courant, established in 1764.

13.Connecticut has approx. 144 newspapers published in the State (daily, Sunday, weekly and monthly).

14.Connecticut is home to the first hamburger (1895), Polaroid camera (1934), helicopter (1939), and color television (1948).

15.The first automobile law was passed by the state of CT in 1901. The speed limit was set at 12 miles per hour.

16.The first lollipop-making machine opened for business in New Haven in 1908. George Smith named the treat after a popular racehorse.

17.Ella Grasso was elected in her own right to be a state governor in 1974.

18.In 1937, Connecticut became the first state to issue permanent license plates for cars.

19.The World Wrestling Federation or the WWF is headquartered in Stamford.

20.Bristol, CT is considered the "Mum City" of the USA because of the many Chrysanthemums grown and sold to various states and Canada

21.In 1784, New Haven was incorporated as a city.

22.Danbury, An important military depot for the American Revolutionary armies was burned and looted in April 1777 by the British under Major General William Tryon.

23.The first blast furnace in Connecticut was built in Lakeville in 1762.

24.The Submarine Force Museum in Groton is home of the historic ship Nautilus (SSN 571). It is the official submarine museum of the United States Navy.

25.Connecticut State insect is the Praying Mantis.

26.Connecticut's most important crops are dairy, poultry, forest and nursery, tobacco, vegetables and fruit.

27. Connecticut's motto is Qui Transtulit Sustinet -- "He Who Transplanted Still Sustains".

28.In colonial New Haven cut pumpkins were used as guides for haircuts to ensure a round uniform style. Because of this fashion, these New Englanders were nicknamed "pumpkin-heads."

29.The name Middlebury derives from the central position the Town's meetinghouse occupies, six miles from three older neighbors, Waterbury, Southbury, and Woodbury.

30.The first human inhabitants of present-day Burlington were members of the Tunxis Tribe, who belonged to a confederation of Algonquian Indians. Legend holds they used the area as a hunting ground.

31.The first English settlers of Connecticut arrived in 1636, settling the plantations of Windsor, Hartford and Wethersfield.

32.The Monroe Town seal is in the form of a circle with the words "Town of Monroe Connecticut" written in the outer rim of the seal. Inside this outer circle is a profile of a bust of James Monroe, who was the fifth President of the United States, serving from 1817-1825.

33.Originally, Montville, along with Groton and Waterford, was a part of New London. New London was settled in 1646 under the name of Pequot, so called after the Pequot Indians, the name changing to New London in 1658.

34.B.F. Clyde's Cider Mill is the only steam-powered Cider Mill in the United States and is located in Mystic.

35.7-year-old James Thorsell designed the New Hartford "Town Bicentennial Emblem".

36.New Milford's worst disaster struck in 1902 when the main business section centered on Bank Street was almost completely leveled by the "Great Fire".

37.Named in 1724 for the stony character of the hilly countryside, North Stonington was incorporated in 1807.

38.To register to vote in Connecticut you must:1. Be a U.S. citizen;
2. Be a resident of a Connecticut Town;
3.Be at least 18 years old on or before the next election
4.Not be convicted of a felony

39.The manufacturing of the first safety fuse started in Simsbury in 1836.

40.In 1728, the first steel mill operating in America was located in Simsbury.

41.Wallingford has earned a worldwide reputation for the production of silverware.

42.The first expert in the treatment of Asiatic cholera was Dr. Henry Bronson in 1832. He was a professor at Yale Medical School.

43.The first golf tournament in Connecticut for women only was held in Waterbury on June 12, 1917.

44.West Hartford is the birthplace of Noah Webster, the author of the first dictionary published in 1807.

45.Although West Haven is Connecticut's youngest city, being incorporated in 1972, it is a community that dates back over 360 years, making it one of the oldest settlements in the country.

46.PEZ® Candy is made in the city of Orange.

47.Thomas Sanford made the first friction matches in Beacon Falls in 1834.

48.Some of the world's most famous cloth is woven in the Stafford textile mills.

49.The town of Washington was incorporated in 1779, being named in honor of General George Washington.

50.Hartford has remained the capital city of Connecticut since 1875.

51.Thanks to: Sandy Kreutter


Delaware Facts and Trivia http://www.50states.com/facts/delaware.htm


1.Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States constitution. It did so on December 7, 1787.

2.Delaware shares a semi-circular border with Pennsylvania. The border was drawn at the time of the original land grants to William Penn from King Charles II and the Duke of York.

3.The nation's first scheduled steam railroad began in New Castle in 1831.

4.The United States battleship Delaware was commissioned in 1910.

5.Delaware is the only state without any National Park System units such as national parks, seashores, historic sites, battlefields, memorials, and monuments.

6.Delmar is popularized as the little town too big for one state. The community has the distinction of being located partly in Delaware and partly in Maryland.

7.The most historic site in Frederica is Barratt's Chapel east of town. The chapel is where the Methodist Church of America was organized in 1784.

8.Today about 500 descendants of the original Nanticoke Indians reside in Delaware. They celebrate their heritage each September with the Nanticoke Indian Pow Wow.

9.The log cabin originated in Finland. Finnish settlers arrived in Delaware in the mid-1600s and brought with them plans for the log cabin, one of the enduring symbols of the American pioneer. One of the cabins has been preserved and is on display at the Delaware Agricultural Museum in Dover.

10.John Dickinson was called the Penman of the Revolution for his writings on independence. His boyhood home is preserved in Dover.

11.Tradition holds the first time Betsy Ross's famous flag was flown was at the Battle of Cooch's Bridge. This historic site is located on route 4 in Newark.

12.The Blue Hen chicken is the official state bird. The hens were noted for their fighting ability. Delaware is sometimes referred to as the Blue Hen State.

13.The Lady Bug is Delaware's official state bug.

14.Eleven years after the landing of the English pilgrims the first white settlement was made on Delaware soil.

15.In 1785 Oliver Evans of Newport invented the automatic flour-milling machinery that revolutionized the industry.

16."Our Delaware" is the official state song. The words are by George Hynson, music by William Brown.

17.In total area Delaware ranks 49th in the nation. It contains 1,982 square miles. It is 96 miles long and varies from 9 to 35 miles in width.

18.Ebright Road in New Castle County is the highest state elevation at 442 feet above sea level. The lowest elevation is along the coast at sea level.

19.Thomas Garret lost his entire fortune in his battle against slavery. He was sued by a Maryland slave owner and fined for aiding a black family in flight. Over his lifetime, Garrett reportedly helped more than 2,000 fugitive slaves move through Delaware, an important stop on the Underground Railroad.

20.Rehoboth Beach is the state's largest coastal resort town. Methodists who purchase the land for a summer camp and meeting place originally constructed it.

21.The 87-foot Fenwick Island Lighthouse was painted in 1880 for a total cost of about $5.00.

22.Twelve concrete observation towers along the coast were constructed during World War II to protect the state's coastal towns from German u-boat attacks.

23.Fisher's popcorn is a famous coastal caramel corn. It has been ordered from as far away as Vietnam and Indonesia.

24.The American holly is the official state tree. The tree can reach a maximum of 60 feet in height and a trunk diameter of 20 inches.

25.The peach blossom is Delaware's official state flower and has prompted Delaware's nickname as the peach state.

26.New Sweden was founded as a colony in 1638 and is recognized as the first permanent colony on Delaware soil.

27.Winterthur Museum, Garden and Library, six miles northwest of Wilmington features one of the world's finest naturalistic gardens.

28.Hagley Museum was originally the du Pont black powder manufactory, estate, and gardens.

29.The state's Coastal Heritage Greenway consists of a corridor of open space running along 90 miles of coast and spanning the area between Fox Point State Park and the state line at Fenwick Island.

30.Thousand Acre Marsh is the largest freshwater tidal wetland in northern Delaware. The Chesapeake and Delaware Canals border the marsh.

31.In 1812 Port Penn was considered the best port in Delaware.

32.Augustine Beach was named for Augustine Hermann. He was a Bohemian adventurer who mapped the Delmarva Peninsula and surrounding areas in the mid-1600s.

33.Odessa possesses one of the finest collections of late 18th- and early 19th-century architecture in the middle Atlantic region. The center of town is on the National Register of Historic Places and the entire town has been zoned as historic.

34.Barratt's Chapel is known as the Cradle of Methodism. It was built in 1780 and is the oldest surviving church built by and for Methodists in the United States.

35.The 80-food Great Dune is the state's highest. It is located at Cape Henlopen State Park in Lewes.

36.The Maryland/Delaware boundary and the Mason-Dixon Line divide Delmar. A double crown stone marker was erected in 1768 as the southern end of the only North-South portion of the Mason-Dixon line.

37.Horseshoe crabs may be viewed in large numbers up and down the Delaware shore in May. The crabs endure extremes of temperature and salinity. They can also go for a year without eating and have remained basically the same since the days of the dinosaur.

38.The Du Pont Laboratories first produced nylon at its plant in Seaford. This earned the town the distinction of being the Nylon Capital of the World.

39.In recognition of sportfishing's overall recreational and economic contributions to the state of Delaware and of the specific values of the weakfish (Cynoscion genus) as a game and food fish, the state Legislature adopted the weakfish as Delaware's State fish in 1981. This fish is also known as sea trout, gray trout, yellow mouth, yellow fin trout, squeteague, and tiderunner.

40.Colonial blue and buff are Delaware's official state colors.

41.Delaware was named for Lord de la Warr. He was the first governor of Virginia.

42.The sheaf of wheat, ear of corn, and the ox on the state seal symbolize the farming activities of early Delaware.

43.The Delaware Indians were one of the most advanced tribes of the eastern United States.

44.New Castle County includes the largest population and smallest area of Delaware's three counties.

45.Wilmington's Delaware History Center is housed in a renovated, art deco former Woolworth five-and-ten-cent store.

46.America's newest tall ship is ten stories high and 139 feet long. The recreation is the Kalmar Nyckel that landed on the Christina River in 1638.

47.Quaker merchant Thomas Garret is thought to be the model for a Quaker farmer in the novel, "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Garret and famed abolitionist Harriett Tubman worked closely with Delaware's anti-slavery forces.

48.The frying pan built in 1950 for use at the Delmarva Chicken Festival is 10 feet in diameter and holds 180 gallons of oil and 800 chicken quarters.

49.The Delaware Breakwater at Cape Henlopen State Park was the first structure of its kind in the western hemisphere.

50.The town of Milton was named after the English poet John Milton in 1807.

51.Thanks to: Greater Wilmington Convention & Visitors Bureau and the Delaware Economic Development Office.








I want to say
THANKYOUHAT.gif to all who read these letters. I am glad you enjoy them.




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LOL Like I need another excuse.... April is "National Anxiety Month"

I like this one,

11.In Hartford, you may not, under any circumstances, cross the street walking on your hands!

Thank you Snowmom, very interesting and thanks for reminding me of all the hidden treasures/posts we have here.



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I don't know what is going on, but, I have tried several times to post the News Letter and it keeps coming up with, "You are not allowed to use that image extension on this community".


I will try again later on, but, for now, I am going to just say I have really tried and not able to put this Mrs. S. News Letter on. :(:tapfoot::banghead:



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Sent you a reply, let me know if it doesn't help...



Thank you for all you do.... :hug3:

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Yes, Momo, I don't like it a bit.



Thank you Cat. :)


I am going to try and see what happens today.

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7. The Kitchen--The Heart Of Our Home: http://www.activistp...veals-high.html


8. 2 Bits, 4 Bits, 6 Bits a Dollar! http://seattletimes....ogvirusxml.html
Please read this.


10. Pinching Pennies: PENNIES.jpg



7-11 Free Slurpies by: Momo
Posted 23 June 2014 - 06:37 PM
Don't forget the annual free Slurpee on 7-11. Free small slurpee until supplies run out.


11. Homemade Memories:



Recycled Items Art and Functional Things by: arby
Posted 06 November 2011 - 05:20 PM
One way to use a 16 oz drink can for a new purpose, survival kit, trinket, fishhook keeper.....

there were several other DIY videos involving lighting and other things. Very handy usage of things you may find to recycle for another use.

12. Within These Pages: BOOKS5.jpg



Places to find FREE ebooks by: AnewMe

Posted 11 March 2014 - 01:47 PM
I have found many places to load my device up with FREE ebooks and thought I would share my list.
ereaderlove.com http://ereaderlove.c...ory/free-books/
ereaderiq.com http://www.ereaderiq.com/freebies/
bookgorilla.com http://bookgorilla.com/ (this one you have to sign up with your email free and they send you links to freebies)
inkmesh.com http://inkmesh.com/

inspired reads http://www.inspiredr...tegory/fiction/
pixel of ink http://www.pixelofin...e-kindle-books/
ereader news today http://ereadernewsto...e-kindle-books/
the vessel project http://vesselproject.com/
This next site I just found. You can find TONS of books to download.....ALL FREE. They are in epub format so you would have to convert them to read on Kindle but if you have a Nook, iPad, iPod, Kobo or Sony reader it will work....and of course your computer.


13. WWW: COMPUTER3.jpg



New Scam Warning by: Annarchy
Posted 12 June 2014 - 10:43 AM

Please be advised there is a new scam going around. This new scam is an email phishing scam with the subject line 'Your Last Bill Payment Overcharged Resolved.' It redirects you to a website that looks like Allstate.com. From there anything you click on will likely infest your computer with viruses and Trojans. This email is being sent to multiple people and has nothing to do with the fact that you have insurance with Allstate. It's trying to lure people that have Allstate to open the email and go to the fake webpage.

DO NOT OPEN THE EMAIL with the subject line "Your Last Bill Payment Overcharged Resolved"

If you have already fallen victim to this email please file a report with the Federal Trade Commission and visit the Allstate Phishing Webpage.


14. Mrs. Survival's Survival and Preparation Manual: MANUAL2.jpg


Survival Quiz by: Rokko

Posted 15 October 2013 - 01:47 PM
After reading through MrsSurvival's Survival and Preparation Manual you might want to test your survival savvy at http://Survival-Quiz.com where you can have fun with a serious subject.

Facts about two states


The following is from: http://www.50states.com/facts/florida.htm#.U7QaU0AuLf4

1. Greater Miami is the only metropolitan area in the United States whose borders encompass two national parks. You can hike through pristine Everglades National Park or ride on glass-bottom boats across Biscayne National Park.
2. Saint Augustine is the oldest European settlement in North America.
3. The name Punta Gorda, which means, "fat point" when translated from Spanish. The moniker was given to the city because a broad part of the land in Punta Gorda juts into Charlotte Harbor. The harbor itself is somewhat unique, as it is the point where the Peace River meets the ocean.
4. Orlando attracts more visitors than any other amusement park destination in the United States.
5. New England Congregationalists who sought to bring their style of liberal arts education to the state founded Rollins College, the oldest college in Florida, in Winter Park in 1885.
6. Cape Canaveral is America's launch pad for space flights.
7. Florida is not the southernmost state in the United States. Hawaii is farther south.
8. A museum in Sanibel owns 2 million shells and claims to be the world's only museum devoted solely to mollusks.
9. The Benwood, on French Reef in the Florida Keys, is known as one of the most dived shipwrecks in the world.
10. Safety Harbor is the home of the historic Espiritu Santo Springs. Given this name in 1539 by the Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. He was searching for the legendary Fountain of Youth. The natural springs have attracted attention worldwide for their curative powers.
11. Niceville is home to the famous Boggy Bayou Mullet Festival celebrated the third weekend in October.
12. The United States city with the highest rate of lightning strikes per capita is Clearwater.
13. Gatorade was named for the University of Florida Gators where the drink was first developed.
14. Young aviator Tony Jannus made history on January 1, 1914 when he flew the world's first scheduled passenger service airline flight from St. Petersburg's downtown yacht basin to Tampa.
15. Dr. John Gorrie of Apalachicola invented mechanical refrigeration in 1851.
16. Miami Beach pharmacist Benjamin Green invented the first suntan cream in 1944. He accomplished this development by cooking cocoa butter in a granite coffee pot on his wife's stove.
17. Neil Smith and his brother of Montverde developed the first Snapper riding lawn mower.
18. Key West has the highest average temperature in the United States.
19. The Saint John's River is one of the few rivers that flows north instead of south.
20. The largest lake in Florida is Lake Okeechobee.
21. May 20, 1970 Florida lawmakers passed and sent to the Governor a bill adopting the moonstone as the official state gem. Ironically, the moonstone is not found naturally in Florida...nor was it found on the moon.
22. In 1987 the Florida legislature designated the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) the official state reptile. Long an unofficial symbol of the state, the alligator originally symbolized Florida's extensive untamed wilderness and swamps.
23. Miami installed the first bank automated teller machine especially for rollerbladers.
24. Ybor City was once known as the Cigar Capital of the World with nearly 12,000 tabaqueros (cigar-makers) employed in 200 factories. Ybor City produced an estimated 700 million cigars a year at the industry's peak.
25. Plant City, the Winter Strawberry Capital of the World, holds the Guinness record for the world's largest strawberry shortcake. The 827 square-foot, 6,000 pound cake was made on Feb. 19, 1999 in McCall Park.
26. The Sunshine Skyway Bridge is a cable-stayed concrete bridge. Opened in 1987 the bridge coasts through the clouds at 190 feet above water. Its bright yellow support cables spread from the two center pillars. The structure gives drivers unobstructed view of the water during the 4.1 mile trip over Tampa Bay.
27. Nearly 80 percent of the states intake of sweet Atlantic white shrimp is harvested in Amelia Island waters. Two million pounds of shrimp are delivered to Fernandina docks annually.
28. A swamp such as the Fakahatchee Strand in the Everglades functions in three major ways. First, its vegetation serves as a filter to clean the water as it makes its slow journey southward. Secondly, it's a major habitat for wildlife and plant life. Finally, it actually prevents flooding by slowing down the flow of water after heavy rains.
29. DeFuniak Springs is home to one of the two naturally round lakes in the world.
30. The Morikami Museum and Japanese Gardens at Delray Beach is the only museum in the United States dedicated exclusively to the living culture of Japan.
31. Fort Lauderdale is known as the Venice of America because the city has 185 miles of local waterways.
32. Fort Meade is the oldest settlement in Polk County. It dates back to 1849 when a settlement grew up around the United States Cavalry fort during the Seminole Indian Wars.
33. The Fred Bear Museum in Gainesville is a tribute to the accomplishments of Fred Bear a promoter of proper wildlife management and the founder of Bear Archery Company.
34. The Hawthorne Trail a part of Florida's Rails to Trails program and attracts many outdoor enthusiasts to walk, cycle, or ride horseback through its 17-mile length.
35. Just north of Haines City is the Baseball City Stadium the spring training home of the Kansas City Royals. Haines City is known as The Heart of Florida.
36. The city of Hypoluxo's name comes from the Seminole expression water all 'round -- no get out.
37. Islamorada is billed as the Sports fishing Capital of the World.
38. Key Largo is known as the Dive Capital of the World.
39. Marathon is home to Crane Point Hammock, a 63.5 acre land tract that is one of the most important historical and archaeological sites in the Keys. The area contains evidence of pre-Colombian and prehistoric Bahamian artifacts, and once was the site of an entire Indian village.
40. Fort Zachary Taylor in Key West was built between 1845 and 1866. Controlled by the Union during the Civil War, the fort was the home base for a successful blockade of Confederate ships that some historians say shortened the conflict by a full year. The fort also was active during the Spanish-American War, World War I, and World War II.
41. The first graded road built in Florida was Old Kings Road in 1763. It was named for King George of England.
42. During the 1991 Gulf War the busiest military port in the country was Jacksonville. From this location the military moved more supplies and people than any other port in the country.
43. When first completed in 1989 the Dame Point Bridge became the longest cable-stayed span in the United States, the longest concrete span of its type in the Western Hemisphere, and the third longest cable-stayed bridge in the world.
44. The longest river sailboat race in the world is the Annual Mug Race. The event runs 42 miles from Palatka to Jacksonville along the St. Johns River.
45. The Olustee Battlefield State Historic Site commemorates the largest battle fought in Florida during the American Civil War.
46. Venice is known as the Shark Tooth Capital of the World. Collecting prehistoric sharks teeth has been a favorite pastime of visitors and residents of the Venice area for years
47. The Florida Museum of Hispanic and Latin American Art in Coral Gables, is the first and only museum in the United States dedicated to the preservation, diffusion, and promotion of Hispanic and Latin American Art.
48. The Pinellas Trail, a 47 mile hiking/biking trail connecting St. Petersburg with Central and north Pinellas County, is the longest urban linear trail in the eastern United States.
49. Titusville, known as Space City, USA, is located on the west shore of the Indian River directly across from the John F. Kennedy Space Center.
50. Florida is the only state that has 2 rivers both with the same name. There is a Withlacoochee in north central Florida (Madison County) and a Withlacoochee in central Florida. They have nothing in common except the name.


The following is from: http://www.50states.com/facts/georgia.htm#.U7QbA0AuLf5

1. Okefenokee Swamp encompasses over 400,000 acres of canals; moss draped cypress trees, and lily pad prairies providing sanctuaries for hundreds of species of birds and wildlife including several endangered species.
2. Cumberland Island National Seashore contains the ruins of Dungeness, the once magnificent Carnegie estate. In addition, wild horses graze among wind swept dunes.
3. The late John F. Kennedy, Jr. and his future wife stopped in Kingsland on the way to their marriage on Cumberland Island.
4. Historic Saint Marys Georgia is the second oldest city in the nation.
5. The City of Savanna was the first steamship to cross the Atlantic.It sailed from Georgia.
6. Ways Station was renamed Richmond Hill on May 1, 1941, taking the name of automaker Henry Ford's winter estate.
7. The pirate Edward "Blackbeard" Teach made a home on Blackbeard Island. The United States Congress designated the Blackbeard Island Wilderness Area in 1975 and it now has a total of 3,000 acres.
8. On January 19, 1861, Georgia joined the Confederacy.
9. The official state fish is the largemouth bass.
10. In Gainesville, the Chicken Capital of the World it is illegal to eat chicken with a fork.
11. Georgia was named for King George II of England.
12. Stone Mountain near Atlanta is one of the largest single masses of exposed granite in the world.
13. Georgia is the nations number one producer of the three Ps--peanuts, pecans, and peaches.
14. At the Hawkinsville Civitan Club's Annual Shoot the Bull Barbecue Championship, people from all over Georgia and surrounding states flock to this small south Georgia town to enter their tasty barbecue concoctions in this famous cook-off. The funds raised from this event benefit the Civitan International Research Center and its work toward a cure for Down's syndrome and other developmental disabilities.
15. Each year Georgia serves as a host to the International Poultry Trade Show, the largest poultry convention in the world.
16. The oldest portable steam engine in the United States is on display at Historic Railroad Shops in Savannah.
17. Known as the sweetest onion in the world, the Vidalia onion can only be grown in the fields around Vidalia and Glennville
18. Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi River.
19. Georgia's population in 1776 was around 40,000.
20. Cordele claims to be the watermelon capital of the world.
21. The annual Masters Golf Tournament is played at the Augusta National in Augusta every first week of April.
22. Georgia is often called the Empire State of the South and is also known as the Peach State and Cracker State.
23. In 1828 Auraria, near the city of Dahlongea, was the site of the first Gold Rush in America.
24. Coca-Cola was invented in May 1886 by Dr. John S. Pemberton in Atlanta, Georgia. The name "Coca-Cola" was suggested by Dr. Pemberton's bookkeeper, Frank Robinson. He penned the name Coca-Cola in the flowing script that is famous today. Coca-Cola was first sold at a soda fountain in Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta by Willis Venable.
25. Berry College in Rome has the world's largest college campus.
26. The Little White House in Warm Springs was the recuperative home of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
27. In 1942 Jekyll Island was a private resort sold to the state by the owners, a group of millionaires.
28. Providence Canyon State Park, near Lumpkin, is known as the Little Grand Canyon of Georgia.
29. The Cherokee rose is the official state flower, the live oak the official tree; and the brown thrasher the official bird.
30. United States Highway 27 runs the length of Georgia and is known as Martha Berry Highway, named after a pioneer educator.
31. Marshall Forest in Rome is the only natural forest within a city limits in the United States.
32. The popular theme park - Six Flags Over Georgia, was actually named for six flags that flew over Georgia. England, Spain, Liberty, Georgia, Confederate States of America, and the United States.
33. The locomotive engine popularly known as The General is housed in the Big Shanty Museum in Kennesaw. It was stolen in the Andrews Railroad Raid in 1862 and later depicted in The Great Locomotive Chase, a popular movie.
34. The name of the famous south Georgia swamp, the Okefenokee, is derived from an Indian word meaning the trembling earth.
35. Brasstown Bald Mountain is the highest point in Georgia. It has an elevation of 4,784 feet.
36. The Cyclorama is a three dimensional panorama that depicts the famous Battle of Atlanta, and is located in Grant Park in Atlanta.
37. Thomasville is known as the City of Roses.
38. Chickamuga National Park is the site of the bloodiest battle in American history.
39. Plains is the home of Jimmy Carter, the 39th President.
40. The figures of Stonewall Jackson, Jefferson Davis, and Robert E. Lee make up the world's largest sculpture. It is located on the face of Stone Mountain. Additionally Robert E. Lee's horse, Traveler, is also carved at the same place.
41. Savannah was the landing site for General James Edward Oglethorpe, founder of Georgia.
42. The world's largest Infantry training center is located at Fort Benning.
43. The largest Farmer's Market of its kind is located in Forest Park.
44. Ralph Bunch, United States diplomat, was the first Georgian to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
45. Callaway Gardens is a world famous family resort, known for its azaleas.
46. Wesleyan College in Macon was the first college in the world chartered to grant degrees to women.
47. Madison is known for its beautiful antebellum homes spared during Sherman's fiery march to the sea.
48. Chehaw in Albany is a well known wild animal park.
49. Ocmulgee National Monument in Macon is the largest archeological development east of the Mississippi River.
50. Athens is the location of the first university chartered and supported by state funds.
51. Thanks to: Clyde Sherman, meddy42, Jhirsch39, Gabbatha, Ken Tarter, lfreda

Congratulations to all who have graduated this past May or in June. :)
Happy Birthday to everyone who is having a Birthday in July, August or September. :)
Happy Anniversary to everyone who is having an Anniversary in July, August and September. :)


I hope you all have a great 4th of July and were careful if you have fireworks. They can be fun, but, they can also be dangerous. happy4th2.gif july5_zps8583f5e0.gif

There are not many holidays in these next 3 months.

Please be careful as school starts in August or September in your area. The small children don't think about the cars, they are thinking about getting to and from home and school. It is up to us adults to watch for the children and the buses.



See you again in a few months. Until then, God bless you all.



I got the thing to work at last. :)


I didn't go over the url's so hope they all work. :)


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:bighug2: Thank you so much for all you do in getting the newsletter out! It really is appreciated :)

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National Raspberry Cream Pie Day?!? I had no idea, but I think it's one we need to start celebrating!

Thanks Snowmom!

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5. Nature's Prescriptions: herbs2.jpg



Foot Soak by: mommato3boys

Posted 19 September 2014 - 07:15 AM
I need a good recipe for a foot soak. Our son just got back from his last 2 week vacation thanks to Uncle Sam and our DIL called needed advice and yucky feet. He has a fungal infection in his toenails and athlete foot. So anyone have any suggestions. Right now they are just using tea tree oil in regular water.


6. Preserving the Harvest: canning7.jpg



Preserving Purslane by: Ghost of City Life

Posted 05 June 2012 - 02:14 PM
Howdy Y'all!

It's been a long time since I've been here, but I figured that this would be the best place for advice.

I have been researching the benefits of Purslane and since discovering that it is highly nutritious i have stopped treating it as a weed and allowing it to grow. I have a bunch that is ready to harvest, more that we can eat now, so I have begun researching preserving it. I found this recipe and wanted to run it by you all. It seems like a basic refrigerator pickle, but the fact that it says to store it in a cool dark place not necessarily the refrigerator has me wondering if that would be safe. Any feedback would be appreciated.


" 1 Harvest your purslane stalks and leaves and wash them under running water in a colander
" 2 Cut the purslane into 2-inch pieces and put them into your canning jars until there is only about ½ inch space left at the top\.
" 3 Add to the jar any herbs, peppers or garlic cloves you would like to flavor your purslane.
" 4 Pour the apple cider vinegar into the jar so that the herbs and purslane are covered completely. Screw the lid on your jar tightly.
" 5 Label your jar with the date and contents, and store it in a dark, cool place or the refrigerator for 1 month before opening it. Your purslane will remain good for up to 1 year. Store in the refrigerator once you have opened your jar to prevent spoiling.


7. Nature's Bounty: PEACHTREE.jpg



Non-toxic weed killer by: Midnightmom

Posted 17 June 2014 - 04:10 AM
..................uses Dawn dish soap, vinegar, and Epsom salt.


8. The Spa: spa4.jpg



Dealing with Diabetes by: Stephanie

Posted 16 September 2008 - 10:30 AM
Hi Friends,

I've noticed many of you are diabetic or have a loved one who is diabetic. I'd like to hear from you concerning what you're doing to control it now and what you'll do THEN in a crisis.

I am Diabetic 2, diagnosed about 3 years ago? I'm on a variety of medications and trying hard to reduce my weight (25 lbs lost).

I know there are a number of herbs that work as well. Are you taking something in particular now? Stocking up on it?



9. Are You Really Ready: storage5.jpg



How adaptable are you-Food/Drink by: Mt_Rider

Posted 07 September 2014 - 12:37 PM

I have one DD who, after a careful study, has chosen very specific brands of food and drink as her #1 favored. She sees no reason to consume anything else. Some folks might even label her....PICKY! But, since she's been on her own (financially and otherwise) for the past couple decades and can obviously afford to make her own choices....it would be illogical to not purchase her favorites.

I'm sure we all do that....

EXAMPLE A: When the hurricane was bearing down on the Hawaiian islands, this DD was not prompt about getting her supplies. Her sister worried cuz water supply low with frantic shoppers and said "But she will only drink ONE BRAND of bottled water!" My response was "Buy some Chrystal Lite and she'll have to drink what's available if worst comes to worst." [As it turned out she DID go to shop and DID find her brand....and the hurricane didn't ravage Maui]

EXAMPLE B: DH and I have slightly less income each year AND significantly less buying power as prices have been rising. We also have had brands of things that we prefer. He's always sneered at "plastic cheese"....those gooey types that come in long cardboard boxes or in individually wrapped plastic. We've avoided peanut butter with all the hydrol------ oils, and other things that can't be pronounced nor spelled. WE have always bought NATURAL peanut butter. Ingredients: peanuts and salt. ......HOWEVER, if you'd look into the fridge or cupboards at our house recently, one will find the results of less buying power.
Have our tastes changed? Our opinion of what is healthy changed? Nope!

Both examples -- availability and power to purchase -- can affect what we'd end up eating in Post-Hooey situations. And I'm obviously not even talking about TEOTWAWKI. Merely a very localized disaster or personal financial 'recession' can make adaption [at least temporarily] necessary.

How adaptable are you and yours? Have you experienced this in the past? Currently?

MtRider What's your story or plan for adaption?


10. Country Homesteading: COUNTRYHOME2.jpg



Back Yard Fish Farming to raise food at home by: Dee

This is a long post, but good.
Posted February 2003 - 11:32 AM
The Back Yard Fish Farm, A Revolutionary New Way To Raise Foods at Home

Dr. William 0. McLarney and I are working together to organize the Back Yard Fish Farm research. The project involves a totally revolutionary concept in agriculture. If it should prove successful, fish farming, on a small scale at least, could become a common practice throughout the country. We are proposing that you raise fish in a small pool inside a geodesic dome using intensive culture methods. You will create tiny fish farms which are organic and capable of producing foods of excellent quality. If you have ever enjoyed keeping an aquarium of tropical fishes, then I think you will receive the same pleasure as well as a food crop from the Back Yard Fish Farm.

In the November issue of OGF, I described some of the thinking and theoretical concepts which went into our Back Yard Fish Farm prototype. I also outlined the reasons for choosing herbivorous fishes from the tropics and using the dome to create a suitable climate. I think it would be wise to reread that article, as space limitations prevent my repeating it. This research project will use the same methods and fish (tilapia) as we did in our prototype.

What I didn't point out in the November article is the necessity for developing organic methods in aquaculfure. It has become clear to us that organic fish products are desperately needed in this country. The area of Cape Cod in which Bill McLamey and I live is dotted by tiny lakes, many of which provide good fishing. Bill, an ardent fisherman, can be seen often casting for pickerel, perch or bluegills. His harvest is an important source of food for a number of us. Since fish are one of the most complete, health-giving foods, we usually jump at the chance to eat them - or at least did, until a pesticide-chemist friend examined our fish. The little pond in the woods, far away from industry and agriculture, is contaminated. The perch we were eating had up to 40 parts per million of DDT in their fatty tissues. This is far above the allowable limit for foods. We already knew that many marine fishes are contaminated with a variety of harmful substances, but the pond was the last straw. We had to start figuring out ways to grow fish organically and cheaply and we had to do it soon. Philosophically, we were committed to small-scale intensive systems, based upon ecological and organic principles. If the fish were to be relatively poison-free, their diet would have to consist of aquatic plants and algae; this would shorten the food chain and make the system more productive while less prone to accumulating harmful substances in the fish. The prototype we developed will act as a model for the initial OGF research project.

How To Do It

The first task of the experimenters in the Back Yard Fish Farm research will be to build an inexpensive geodesic dome which will house the pool for raising the tilapia. Tilapia are excellent and much revered tropical fish which will primarily eat the algae you grow right inside the pool. In order for the tilapia to grow to an edible size, which is about one-half pound, a growing season that's at least six-months long in water that is normally well above 70 degrees F. will be required. The dome provides these high temperatures by trapping the heat from the sun, which is stored in the pool and transformed into algae growth. The fish will die if the temperature drops much below 60 degrees F. Their vulnerability to cold
is one of the reasons we chose this

Organic Gardening and Farming - January, 1972 - Page 101

fish. If some careless person ever takes them out of the dome and puts them in a local stream or lake they will not survive the winter to upset the natural ecosystems. This is not true for the Imperial Valley in California, parts of southern Florida and southern Texas. Although tilapia are now found wild in these areas, we do not plan to aggravate the problem of exotics by conducting experiments in these regions where they can survive outside the dome.

The dome is a very effective heat trap and the pool is quite an efficient heat retainer. At the time of this writing, which is late October, the water temperature in our prototype Tilapia-Dome is still in the 60s even though the outside temperatures have been dropping near freezing at night. With the addition of a little bit of heat, we have been able to push the temperatures up into the 70s during the cool days of fall. With design improve ments in the dome, we think that even in our climate, the addition of heat will not be necessary in the future.

Building the Dome

Building a geodesic dome is relatively easy and inexpensive. You should plan on two or three days to complete the task. Some of you living in the more southerly regions of the country will be able to build them for less than $50. More sophisticated structures, incorporating a double skin of clear greenhouse vinyl with an air layer in between to prevent heat loss, will last for a number of years but could run as high as $200 for materials to

Feeding time in the tilapia dome. Their main diet will be the algae which grow in the pool, but it should be enhanced with small amounts of insect larvae.
complete the task. Some of you living in the more southerly regions of the country will be able to build them for less than $50. More sophisticated structures, incorporating a double skin of clear greenhouse vinyl with an air layer in between to prevent heat loss, will last for a number of years but could run as high as $200 for materials.

Our prototype was a dome 18 feet in diameter, although we wished that it had been larger. One problem was that we couldn't move around the 15-by-10-foot pool inside. This was annoying as I had wanted to start some plants growing inside, and to do more insect-culturing research to provide new kinds of supplemental foods for the fish. The optimal size for domes to be used in the Back Yard Fish Farm would be 25 feet in diameter. This size should provide freedom to work inside while allowing a greenhouse area. All of our future research domes will be of the larger size. Costs begin to shoot up drastically when the diameter exceeds 25 feet. Our dome was built by Multi Fassett and Marsha Zilles of Earth House in Cambridge. The plans they used and strongly recommend for the Back Yard Fish Farm research can be obtained from Popular Science magazine, 355 Lexington

Organic Gardening and Farming - January, 1972 - Page 104

Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10017. (Ask for the Sun-Dome Plans.) The plans and instructions cost $5 and include a license to build it from the inventor, Buckminster Fuller. You should also read Knight Starr's OGF article in the September 1971 issue on the geodesic greenhouse. Although this dome is too small for the fish experiments, he does provide a lot of valuable information. If any of you have access to a cheap supply of window glass, you may be able to build an experimental dome which will last for many years.

The Pool

The pool can be any type of children's swimming pool, which varies in price from about $40 to $100. We used a 15-by-10-by-4-foot-deep, almost rectangular pool with a 3,400-gallon capacity. We assumed that this shape would be more conducive to breeding fish, but this original supposition was not correct. A 12-to-14-foot-diameter pool, 3 feet deep would do just as well and cost much less. The
volume of this pool would be close to that of the prototype since we only filled ours to a depth of three feet.

There is an alternative way of constructing a pool which would be less expensive: digging a pond in the ground, about three or four feet deep and 12 to 15 feet in diameter. Since we haven't tried this method, we don't know how well it will work. If your soil is heavy and contains clay, lining the pool to prevent water seepage will not be needed. One problem that we can foresee with the pond-pool is the loss of heat from the water into the surrounding soils. This might be minimized by the use of an inexpensive liner combined with a good insulating material.

Fish for the Back Yard Fish Farm

Tilapia, a tropical fish native to Africa and the Near East, will be used in the experiment. They eat algae, the microscopic plants that color lakes green. This coloration is especially prevalent in the summer months. Because it is possible to grow algae in huge amounts and at almost no cost, algae-eating fish can be raised quite cheaply.

Each of the experimenters participating in the project will receive one pair of tilapia parents from us. The only cost to you will be shipping and handling fees, which might run as high as $25, depending on where you live. However, if they survive and breed, this will be the only investment in tilapia you will ever have to make. Once established, the parents will be capable of producing thousands of young per year. This will supply you with plenty of offspring and you will be able to pass them on to any friends who may be interested in starting their own Back Yard Fish Farm.

Place the adults you receive in the dome pond. As soon as the temperature climbs to the low 80s they will start to breed and lay eggs which they care for in their mouths. Don't panic at this stage; they are not eating their young. Tilapia are members of a group of fishes known as mouth-breeders. After the brood is hatched and swimming freely about the pool, the parents will breed again if conditions are right. This process should continue until an optimal population density for your experimental pool is reached. If, after sampling the population, you find that there are more than 500 fish in the pool, you should pull the parents out to prevent overpopulation and stunting of the residents.

After the first year's growing season is over, if the conditions have been favorable, you will have an excellent crop of edible fish. These can be frozen or stored live in aerated tanks for eating fresh as needed. The Malayan peoples in the Orient often store their live fish in rain barrels just outside the back door. Fish that are not of edible size can be held over the winter in warm tanks exposed to sunlight, or they can be fed to the chickens or

Organic Gardening and Farming - January, 1972 - Page 105

pigs as an excellent high-protein organic feed. The idea of feeding livestock herbivorous fishes is not as crazy as it sounds. At present, we are experimenting with growing tiny herbivorous fish, to be cropped at a small size, as a future source of organic food for poultry - but more about that in a later issue. A small number of fish should be held over the winter. That way you will have brood stock the following spring.

Food for the Fish

The main diet of the tilapia will be the algae which will grow within the pool. After the pool is filled in the spring, one-gallon samples of water from a number of local ponds should be added. This makes it possible to seed your pool with a variety of algae species.

You will also have to provide fertilization. In our prototype we suspended a small burlap bag filled with horse manure. We estimated the algae growth by scooping the water into a tall glass and examining the color. If the water looked green enough, we shook the bag every few days. When the "bloom" began to wane, we replaced the used manure with fresh. Many of you will have cow, chicken or rabbit manure which can be used instead of horse manure. The weight and source of all fertilizer used must be recorded. It is very important not to overfertilize, as too many nutrients could deprive the water of its oxygen. Be careful!

Supplemental Feeds

Thousands of years ago the Chinese found that the growth and health of plant-eating fishes is enhanced by feeding them small amounts of animal matter in the form of insect larvae. This past season we raised our fish on a variety of insect larvae including mosquitos, midges, rat-tailed maggots and house fly larvae. Each experimenter should culture one or two types of insects or earthworms. The goal should be to produce one-half pound per day of these animals. Two productive and easy insects to culture are the ordinary house fly and the midge. If you have ever opened a garbage can that has rotten meat in it and seen the thousands of larvae or maggots crawling around, you have discovered how easy it is to raise fly larvae! Small garbage cans and a little waste meat might produce the supplemental food your fish need. Midges are cultured on trays in water fertilized with manure. The production of one pound of midges per day on a three-foot-square rearing tray has been achieved by fisheries scientists in Israel and Florida.

Apart from the algae and the insect larvae, your system should require few other food inputs. We have tied bunches of carrot tops and grasses to rafts as additional feed in the prototype Tilapia-Dome.

Collecting of Scientific Information

Intuition and common sense have played a large role in fish farming in the past. Science has hardly penetrated the domain of aquaculture. But scientific data is needed if we are to discover the best possible methods of fish farming. It is essential that the participants in the Readers' Research Program collect basic scientific information. At least half an hour per day should be spent caring for the Tilapia-Dome and collecting information. The first year's data will not be very difficult to collect. We

1) Temperature profiles taken twice daily, including air temperature, temperature within the dome and in the water; also, a log of weather conditions.

2) Estimates of the population in the pool made at least twice; once at the end of the month following the first appearance of young fish and once at the end of the season.

3) Measurements of fish growth taken each month from a selected sample of individuals.

4) Production calculations made at the end of the growing season by counting and weighing the total crop.

Organic Gardening and Farming - January, 1972 - Page 108

Building the geodexic dome is comparatively simple and inexpensive. It should take two or three days to complete the job. Costs can run from $50 to about $200. (Remember the bucks this article refers to are 1972 dollars!)
5) A description of the food used (worms, insect larvae, etc.) must be given with the amount listed in pounds.

6) A description of the amount of fertilizer and the source must be given, including the length of time between changes.

Hopefully we will be able to design a simple colorimetric test for you to estimate algae production on a weekly basis.

We do not know how successful the Back Yard Fish Farm idea will be. We have indications from the prototype that it will work. In fact, some of you may produce edible organic fish at less than 20 cents per pound (exclusive of your labor), some may even set still-water fish culture records for this country. All of you will have fun and learn a lot.

The experiment is risky . . . you could also end up with fish only large enough to feed to the chickens.

This may not make you happy, but your scientific data will tell us what went wrong. Your Tilapia-Dome can be used as a greenhouse the following winter, or if you aie excited by aquaculture, you may decide to trap native fishes and fatten them in the dome in the winter. Thus, the experiment cannot really fail.

Bill McLarney wants to start a research project to find out if the dome can be used for two fish crops a year. During the winter he would like to try fattening bluegills, perch, crayfish and clams to be harvested before the tilapia experiments begin again in the spring. The majority of us here want to use the prototype dome for growing kale, spinach, Chinese cabbage and lettuce this winter. I suspect the cooks rather than the fisherman will win the first round.

I hope many of you will become involved in the OGF Reader's Research Program. It could become a potent force for a saner agriculture in this country.

Organic Gardening and Farming - January, 1972 - Page 109


11. Pinching Pennies: PENNIES1.jpg



Eye opener by: Momo

Posted 03 July 2014 - 04:51 PM
I admit I don't even go down certain aisles in the grocery store. I have no idea what the candy, snacks and frozen dinner aisles look like. Yesterday I was with a friend in WalMart and killing some time while I waited on her. I was trying to avoid looking at anything I might be tempted to buy. Since it was so hot I went to the frozen food section and had an eye opening experience. There was one entire row just of frozen pizzas! I'm not saying it's good or bad but the selection was unbelievable. Which means that they probably sell alot of them or they wouldn't have thousands of them for sale! The frozen dinners was another eyeopener. There had to be about 10 brands of frozen chicken in every imaginable shape/flavor. One could spend a long time just deciding what variety to buy. It makes me wonder if anyone cooks from scratch anymore.
You need to read all of this thread, it is really an eye opener too.


12. The Homeschooling Haven: homeschool7.jpg



economy effecting homeschool publishers by: windmorn

Posted 19 August 2014 - 03:22 PM
I was talking to my friend that uses Switched on School House and she said the prices have gone up about $100 over the last couple of years. I had bought some workbooks from Hayes Publishing for ds when I homeschooled him for 8th grade and wanted to use them for dd this year. I went online to order and all the workbooks they had listed were for learning French and Spanish. I called the 800 number and was told they quit publishing their workbooks because when they went to do a reprint the publishing cost had tripled and they decided to just not sell them anymore. I was told if I could find any at Amazon or other stores that might have stock that I could copy them for educational use. The really sad thing is they went from about a 40 page catalog of inventory to nothing. I wonder how many other companies will face the same issues in the near future and will either stop publishing or raise the cost so much that not many can afford it?


13. DIY: TOOLS1.jpg



Homemade Air Conditioner by: Jeepers

Posted 17 May 2014 - 10:40 PM
I had to watch the entire video before I got it. I thought it was water coming out of the bucket.



14. Holiday and Gift Central: gifts4.jpg



Personalized gift baskets by: ROSARYCHAPLET
Posted 14 December 2009 - 01:53 PM
I went to the 99cents only store i bought the makings for two gift baskets . in them i put in coffee, creamer, wafer rolls, tea, powder mixes and christmas chocolate! as i was getting everything at the store i would simply place it in the basket i was buying there to see how it would look. then i bought from them cello wrap which included the bow. when i went home i showed my family what i did. then i proceeded to wrap up the baskets...and wouldn't you know it!!!! one of them still has the shopping reciept in it!!! omg! fortunately it's going to my b-i-l. i'll tell my sis to give me back the reciept upon removing the cello wrap!




This about Hawaii??

1. The state of Hawaii consists of eight main islands: Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe and the Big Island of Hawaii.
2. Hawaii is the most isolated population center on the face of the earth. Hawaii is 2,390 miles from California; 3,850 miles from Japan; 4,900 miles from China; and 5,280 miles from the Philippines.
3. Hawaii is the only state that grows coffee.
4. More than one-third of the world's commercial supply of pineapples comes from Hawaii.
5. There are only 12 letters in the Hawaiian alphabet.
o Vowels: A, E, I, O, U
o Consonants: H, K, L, M, N, P, W
6. From east to west Hawaii is the widest state in the United States.
7. The Hawaiian Islands are the projecting tops of the biggest mountain range in the world.
8. Honolulu's zenith star, (the star that rises directly above it) is Arcturus. The Hawaiians called it Hokule'a. (Hoe koo lay uh.)
9. Under-sea volcanoes that erupted thousands of years ago formed the islands of Hawaii.
10. The Hawaiian Archipelago consists of over 130 scattered points of land stretching some 1,600 miles in length from the Kure Atoll in the north to the Island of Hawaii in the south.
11. The first Asian American in the United States Senate was Hawaii's Hiram Fong. Descended from Chinese immigrants, Fong was elected to the Senate in 1959.
12. Hawaii was the 50th state admitted to the union on August 20th, 1959.
13. Island flowers and colors used to represent each island.
o Niihau - Pupu Shell - White
o Kauai - Mokihana (Green Berry) - Purple
o Oahu - Ilima -Yellow
o Maui - Lokelani (Pink Cottage Rose) - Pink
o Molokai - White Kukui Blossom - Green
o Lanai - Kaunaoa (Yellow and Orange Air Plant) - Orange
o Kahoolawe - Hinahina (Beach Heliotrope) - Grey
o Big Island of Hawaii - Lehua Ohia - Red
14. Hawaii has its own time zone (Hawaiian Standard Time.) There is no daylight savings time.) The time runs two hours behind Pacific Standard Time and five hours behind Eastern Standard Time.
15. There are four counties in Hawaii (Kauai; city and county of Honolulu; Maui; and Hawaii). Each city has a mayor and council in charge.
16. All subterranean minerals belong to the state. Except for state owned water, some lava stone, and minor granites and semi-precious minerals, there are few underground minerals.
17. The wind blows east to west in Hawaii. The highest recorded temperature is 96' F (Honolulu Airport), but temperatures over 92' F generally occur only once or twice a year. The lowest temperature (under 3000 feet altitude) is 56' F. Temperatures under 60' F may occur but rarely more than once a year. Average daytime temp. (July) is 82' F. Average daytime temperature in January is 72' F.
18. There are no racial or ethnic majorities in Hawaii. Everyone is a minority. Caucasians (Haoles) constitute about 34%; Japanese-American about 32%; Filipino-American about 16% and Chinese-American about 5%. It is very difficult to determine racial identification as most of the population has some mixture of ethnicities. ISLAND OF NIIHAU
19. A privately owned island, with livestock raising as its principal industry. There is highly limited access by general public through helicopter landings at uninhabited sites. Legend says Niihau was the original home of the goddess Pele. The island has a population of 230, and is 69 square miles. ISLAND OF KAUAI
20. The fourth largest of the Hawaiian Islands.
21. The Waialua River is one of five navigable river in Hawaii. It drains off Waialeale Mountain, which averages 488 inches of rain per year and is considered the wettest spot on earth.
22. The Waimea, the Hanape'pe, the Lumahai and the Hanalei River are almost as big and quite navigable. The Hanalei River was dedicated a "national treasure" recently and is under government protection from use as a "place of business". ISLAND OF OAHU
23. Honolulu is the largest city in the world -- at least it has the longest borders. According to the state constitution any island (or islet) not named as belonging to a county belongs to Honolulu. This makes all islands within the Hawaiian Archipelago, that stretch to Midway Island (1,500 miles northwest of Hawaii) part of Honolulu. Honolulu is about 1,500 miles long or more distance than halfway across the 48 contiguous states.
24. Wai Golf Course is Hawaii's first municipal course.
25. Honolulu is the nation's 11th largest metropolitan area.
26. More than 100 world-renowned beaches ring Honolulu.
27. Iolani Palace is the only royal palace in the United States.
28. The world's largest wind generator is on the island of Oahu. The windmill has two blades 400 feet long on the top of a tower twenty stories high.
29. The island of Oahu draws more visitors than any other to Hawaii. One-third of the state's best surfing beaches are on Oahu. ISLAND OF MAUI
30. The island is home to many famous attractions including Haleakala Crater, the old whaling town of Lahaina, the road to Hana, and Kaanapali Beach.
31. Haleakala Crater (Ha-lay-ah-ja-lah), is the world's largest dormant volcano. ISLAND OF MOLOKAI
32. Molokai is known as the most Hawaiian Isle.
33. Molokai's east end is a tropical rain forest and part of the island receives 240 inches of rainfall a year.
34. Molokai Ranch Wildlife Park is home to rare African and Indian animals.
35. Kalaaupapa was once a leper colony administered by Father Damien.
36. The island contains the world's highest sea cliffs, Hawaii's longest waterfall, and the largest white sand beach in the state. ISLAND OF LANAI
37. The island of Lanai is considered Hawaii's most secluded.
38. The island was once the home of the world's largest pineapple plantations.
39. Hulope Bay is a marine preserve and considered one of the best diving spots in the world. ISLAND OF KAHOOLAWE
40. Once used as a target by the U.S. Navy and Air Force the services are cleaning up unexploded shells. No one is allowed to go ashore without permission. The island consists of an uninhabited area of 45 square miles. THE BIG ISLAND OF HAWAII
41. The Big Island is Hawaii's largest at 4,038 square miles. It is twice the size of all other Hawaiian Islands combined.
42. The largest contiguous ranch, in the United States, is in Hawaii. The Parker Ranch near Kamuela has about 480,000 acres of land.
43. At 800,000 years the Big Island is the youngest of the island chain. However, it was the first island discovered by voyaging Polynesians.
44. Kilauea volcano is the world's most active.
45. Ka Lae is the southernmost point in the United States. It is located at 18:54:49 N 155:41:00 W. There is a constant 27 knots per hour wind blowing east to west, 24 hours per day and 365 days per year.
46. Two of the tallest mountains in the Pacific - Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa - dominate the center of the island. Most of the world's macadamia nuts are grown on the island.
47. Kilauea Iki is the world's most active and largest volcano.
48. Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain in the world (measured from its base at the ocean floor).
49. The island houses the world's biggest telescope and more scientific observatories in one place than anywhere else in the world.
50. The island is the worldwide leader in harvesting macadamia nuts and orchids.

Did you know this about Idaho???

1. The Cataldo mission is the oldest building in the state.
2. American Falls is unique from most communities because the entire town was moved in the mid-1920s when the original American Falls Dam was constructed.
3. Rexburg is home to Ricks College, the largest private two-year college in the nation.
4. Elk River is the home of the Idaho Champion Western Red Cedar Tree, the largest tree in the state. Estimated to be over 3000 years old this giant is more than 18 feet in diameter and stands 177 feet tall.
5. Albertson College of Idaho in Caldwell was founded as the College of Idaho in 1891 and is the state's oldest four-year institution of higher learning.
6. Perched at 9,500 feet on Trinity Mountain is the highest fire lookout in the Boise National Forest.
7. In Idaho law forbids a citizen to give another citizen a box of candy that weighs more than 50 pounds.
8. The city of Grace in the Gem Valley is most famous for their certified seed potatoes.
9. Blackfoot is home of the Eastern Idaho State Fair.
10. The Dworshak Reservoir is over 50 miles long. The Dworshak Dam is in Orofino.
11. Grangeville is located in north central Idaho. The community is considered the getaway to five wilderness areas and four national forests totaling 5 1/2 million acres. The total is second only to Alaska in designated wilderness area.
12. In 1896 Council Valley shortened its name to Council.
13. The Lewis & Clark Highway (United State Highway 12) is the shortest route from the midwest to the Pacific Coast and the longest highway within a national forest in the nation.
14. The elevation of Cambridge is 2,650 feet above sea level with the surrounding mountains reaching elevations around 8000 feet and plummeting to around 1500 feet in Hells Canyon.
15. The economy of Idaho City originally developed around gold mining in the 1860s.
16. Heyburn, originally named Riverton, is the fourth oldest community in the Mini-Cassia area and the second frontier town to be settled in what is now the county of Minidoka.
17. Bruneau Dunes State Park contains North America's tallest single structured sand dune. It stands 470 feet high.
18. Bruneau Canyon Overlook offers a view into a 1,200 foot-deep, 800-foot-wide river canyon.
19. Downey's first mercantile store, the W. A. Hyde Co., was built in 1894.
20. The Kamiah Valley is rich in the heritage and legends of the Nez Perce. It was here, among the ancestors of the present day Nez Perce, the Appaloosa horse was first bred, primarily for use as a war animal.
21. In 1973, the Sawtooth Recreation Area opened its doors north of Ketchum, making the community the gateway to the Sawtooths.
22. On August 8, 1905, Kimberly auctioned city lots for prices ranging from $100 to $750.
23. Idaho's world famous hot springs are located in Lava Hot Springs.
24. Hell's Canyon is the deepest gorge in America.
25. Shoshone Falls, The Niagara of the West, spills over a 212-foot drop near Twin Falls.
26. Kuna is known as the Gateway City to the Birds of Prey Natural Area.
27. Birds of Prey Wildlife Area is home to the world's most dense population of nesting eagles, hawks, and falcons.
28. At 5897 feet elevation, Mackay calls itself the Top of Idaho because it is the nearest city to Mt. Borah, the highest mountain in Idaho.
29. Soda Springs boasts the largest man-made geyser in the world.
30. Lewiston is located at the confluence of the Snake and Clearwater Rivers. The elevation is 738 feet above sea level.
31. The Treasure Valley area around Nampa is known as Idaho's Banana Belt.
32. During the 1860s an Oregon Shoreline Railroad base camp called Boomerang was constructed in Payette.
33. Pocatello is home to Idaho State University.
34. Post Falls is known as Idaho's River City.
35. Saint Stanislaus Church, in Rathdrum, is the oldest brick church in the state of Idaho.
36. Rigby is known as the birthplace of television since it is Philo T. Farnsworth's hometown. Farnsworth pioneered television technology.
37. Under Idaho law only two forms of city government are allowed: a mayor/councilor or a council/manager form.
38. Shelley has been the home of the Idaho Annual Spud Day since 1927.
39. Sun Valley is recognized as the home of America's first destination ski resort.
40. Weiser is Home of the National Old Time Fiddlers Contest.
41. The "Idaho Enterprise" published its first issue on June 6, 1879 and is one of the oldest weekly publications in Idaho.
42. President Theodore Roosevelt established the Caribou National Forest in 1907. The area now covers more than 1 million acres in southeast Idaho.
43. In 1924 local McCall resident and Olympic ski champion, Cory Engen, started the celebration known as the Winter Carnival to help curb the boredom of the long McCall winters.
44. Meridian is named for the Boise Meridian, the Idaho land surveyor's north-south line running through Initial Point, located 16 miles due south of the city.
45. Annually Mountain Home Air Force Appreciation Day boasts presenting the largest parade in Idaho.
46. Idaho ghost towns include Silver City, Yankee Fork, Gold Dredge, and the Sierra Silver Mine.
47. Sawtooth Mountain/Sawtooth National Recreational Area was named for its jagged profile.
48. Anderson Dam is known for its blue-ribbon fly-fishing.
49. Idaho's first territorial prison was opened in 1872. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was converted into a public facility after the last prisoners were removed in 1974.
50. Seven Devils' Peaks, one of the highest mountain ranges in Idaho, Includes Heaven's Gate Lookout, where sightseers can look into four states.


Did you know this about Illinois???

1. Ottawa, Freeport, Jonesboro, Charleston, Galesburg, Quincy and Alton hosted the famous Lincoln-Douglas debates that stirred interest all over the country in the slavery issue.
2. The first Aquarium opened in Chicago, 1893.
3. The world's first Skyscraper was built in Chicago, 1885.
4. Home to the Chicago Bears Football Team, Chicago Blackhawks hockey team, Chicago Bulls basketball team, Chicago Cubs and Chicago Whitesox baseball teams, Chicago Fire soccer team.
5. The first Mormon Temple in Illinois was constructed in Nauvoo.
6. Peoria is the oldest community in Illinois.
7. The Sears Tower, Chicago is the tallest building on the North American continent.
8. Metropolis the home of Superman really exists in Southern Illinois.
9. Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site--most sophisticated prehistoric native civilization north of Mexico
10. Illinois had two capital cities, Kaskaskia, and Vandalia before Springfield.
11. The NFL's Chicago Bears were first known as the "Staley Bears". They were organized in 1920, in Decatur.
12. Illinois was the first state to ratify the 13th Amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery. 1865
13. On December 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi and a small band of scientists and engineers demonstrated that a simple construction of graphite bricks and uranium lumps could produce controlled heat. The space chosen for the first nuclear fission reactor was a squash court under the football stadium at the University of Chicago.
14. Des Plaines is home to the first McDonald's.
15. Dixon is the boyhood home of President Ronald Reagan.
16. Springfield is the state capital and the home of the National Historic Site of the home of President and Mrs. Abraham Lincoln.
17. Chicago is home to the Chicago Water Tower and Pumping Station, the only buildings to survive the Great Chicago Fire.
18. Before Abraham Lincoln was elected president he served in the Illinois legislature and practiced law in Springfield. Abraham Lincoln is buried just outside Springfield at Lincoln Tomb State Historic Site.
19. Carlyle is the home of the largest man-made lake in Illinois.
20. Illinois has 102 counties.
21. Ronald Wilson Regan from Tampico became the 40th president of the United States in 1980.
22. The highest point in Illinois is Charles Mound at 1235 feet above sea level.
23. The state motto is: State Sovereignty, National Union
24. The ice cream "sundae" was named in Evanston. The piety of the town resented the dissipating influences of the soda fountain on Sunday and the good town fathers, yielding to this churchly influence, passed an ordinance prohibiting the retailing of ice cream sodas on Sunday. Ingenious confectioners and drug store operators obeying the law, served ice cream with the syrup of your choice without the soda. Objections then was made to christening a dish after the Sabbath. So the spelling of "sunday" was changed. It became an established dish and an established word and finally the "sundae".
25. The round Silo for farm storage of silage was first constructed on a farm in Spring Grove.
26. The Illinois state dance is square dancing.
27. Illinois has more units of government than any other state (i.e., city, county, township, etc.). Over six thousand. One contributing reason may be the township governments, which are generally six miles square.
28. The worst prison camp during the Civil War in terms of percentages of death was at Rock Island.
29. Illinois boasts the highest number of personalized license plates, more than any other state.
30. The University of Illinois Conservatory is 37 feet high at its apex.
31. In 1905, president of the Chicago Cubs filed charges against a fan in the bleachers for catching a fly ball and keeping it.
32. Chicago's Mercantile Exchange building was built entirely without an internal steel skeleton, as most skyscrapers; it depends on its thick walls to keep itself up
33. The abbreviation "ORD" for Chicago's O'Hare airport comes from the original name Orchard Field. O'Hare Airport was named in honor of Lieutenant Commander Edward H. "Butch" O'Hare.
34. The trains that pass through Chicago's underground freight tunnels daily would extend over ten miles total in length.
35. The slogan of 105.9, the classic rock radio station in Chicago: 'Of all the radio stations in Chicago...we're one of them.'
36. In Mount Pulaski, Illinois, it is illegal for boys (and only boys) to hurl snowballs at trees. Girls are allowed to do that however.
37. In Illinois Michael is the top name chosen for boys. Emily is the most chosen name for girls.
38. Illinois is known for its wide variety of weather. Major winter storms, deadly tornadoes and spectacular heat and cold waves.
39. The first birth on record in Chicago was of Eulalia Pointe du Sable, daughter of Jean-Baptiste Pointe du Sable and his Potawatomi Indian wife in 1796.
40. Chicago's Mercy Hospital was the first hospital opened in Illinois.
41. The first animal purchased for the Lincoln Park Zoo was a bear cub, bought for $10 on June 1st, 1874
42. The University of Chicago opened on October 1, 1892 with an enrollment of 594 and a faculty of 103.
43. New York Sun editor Charles Dana, tired of hearing Chicagoans boast of the world's Columbian Exposition, dubbed Chicago the "Windy City."
44. Comedy showcase "Second City" was founded on North Wells Street in a former Chinese laundry in 1959
45. Chicago's first African American mayor, Harold Washington, took office in 1983
46. The 4 stars on the Chicago flag represent Fort Dearborn, the Chicago Fire, the World's Columbian Exposition, and the Century of Progress Exposition.
47. The Chicago Public Library is the world's largest public library with a collection of more than 2 million books.
48. The Chicago Post Office at 433 West Van Buren is the only postal facility in the world you can drive a car through.
49. The Chicago River is dyed green on Saint Patrick's Day.
50. The world's largest cookie and cracker factory, where Nabisco made 16 billion Oreo cookies in 1995, is located in Chicago.

Remember to set your clocks back one hour on the 2nd of November. CLOCKS7.jpg

I hope you all have a great Fall, Happy Thanksgiving, Merry Christmas everyone,

FALLLEAVES5.jpg happythanksgiving3.gif MerryChristmas2.gif


boxingday2.gif AND HAPPYNEWYEAR2.jpg


I want to say thTy1-1.gif to everyone who reads the News Letters. :)

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Just to 'prove' that I read the Newsletter :grinning-smiley-044: I would like to point out an error :ashamed0002: in the Nov. calendar!


4 U.S. General Election Day - first Tuesday of the month


Election Day :americanflag: in the US is actually the first Tuesday AFTER the first MONDAY of the month.

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and it is put clocks forward one hour this Sunday for those in the land down under :)

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Mrs. S. Newsletter

Happy New Year




rats....doesn't 'paste' Go take a look.

MtRider [...thinking of how I might shine a shop light onto a wall of my basement for this odd greenhouse.... ??? ]


10. Pinching Pennies: PENNIES6.jpg



Posted by: Momo

Now is the perfect time!

Posted 27 December 2014 - 11:48 AM
With a new year coming upon us now is a great time to plan your budget for 2015. It is also a good time to start getting your tax records in order to file your 2014 taxes. The New Year is also a great time to study your health care/insurance coverage too. Check on deductibles, covered tests etc. Make the most of your hard earned money by planning as much as possible.


11. Homemade Memories: CRAFTS2.jpg



Posted by: Jeepers


Uses For Unused Canning Jars

Posted 08 December 2014 - 09:51 PM
I had some left over canning jars that I was storing away and came across some of those really small ones. I call them quarter pints because they are half the size of a half pint jar. I think Ball calls them 4oz. size. Anyway...they will make great candle holders for tea lights or votive size candles. The candle will be safely down inside the jar and not likely to tip over. Also they are clear glass so the flame will show. I had 6 left over and I'm storing them in with my emergency tea lights and votives.

You might need a long match to light the tea lights. I'm not sure. Did you know a piece of spaghetti makes a good match? You light it off of your stove or match or whatever, and it will burn long enough to light a short candle in a tall jar. I've done it lighting one stove burner from another.


12. Within These Pages: READING1.jpg


I'm not sure what anyone is reading now, it looks like most of the posts are about the free books on Amazon, just one or two other posts.


Posted by: ANewMe
Ebola....FREE PDF Hot Zone....#1 Best Seller about
Posted 02 August 2014 - 11:45 AM
link to learn.flvs.net

The book I've been seeing so much about is FREE in PDF format at this link. It's about an EBOLA outbreak and I've heard fabulous things about it....but also that it is very frightening. It's NON-FICTION....so it's true


13. WWW: COMPUTER5.gif



Posted by: Annarchy

Computer Check

Posted 09 August 2013 - 06:21 AM
Just a quick note.

I'm usually real careful where I go on the net. July 31st I was doing some research and my Windows computer started acting really weird. I pulled the plug and walked away.

Every time I tried to turn it on it took forever to come on, and my mouse wouldn't work. After getting new batteries, thinking that was the problem, I managed to disconnect the wifi connection. I did a virus check off-line.

To my horror, over 650 viruses/trojans and over 3000 spyware/malware had infected my computer after one 1/2 hour worth of work looking for some specific information!!!!!

My computer is finally clean, after several hours.

This experience had made me very very grateful that I do most of my work on my Apple. If the PC was not necessary, I'd get rid of it.


14. Mrs. Survival's Survival and Preparation Manual: BOOKLETS.jpg



Posted by: Lois

Snow Storms and Ice Storms Parts 1 and 2

Posted 07 December 2006 - 10:03 PM
Snow Storms and Ice Storms

In this chapter we will address the challenges that we should be ready to meet, in these emergencies.

In a snow storm or blizzard we may get so much snow as to make the roads impassable.
Heavy wet snow can take down the power lines, when that happens, and our furnace is powered by electric, we have no heat, in some cases no way to cook, or provide light.
Secondary sources for all of these should be at hand.

Heat in the form of:

1. Wood stove and enough firewood keep you warm for 3 days to a week. More if you can manage it.

2. There are also kerosene heaters, (filled outside) or a small propane heater that will work off a 20 or 30# tank like you use on a camper.

3.Candles or kerosene lamps (filled outside)- these are not as warm as the first 2 but will keep you from freezing. Close off one room and light several candles or 2 or 3 kerosene lanterns. They give off heat as well as light and the body heat also helps keep a small area warmer.

You will need extra quilts or blankets and warm clothing.
Wear a hat as you lose most of your heat through your head.
Keep enough kerosene , propane, and candles to last for the length of time you believe you may be snowed in.


1. Battery powered lamps and extra batteries and extra bulbs.

2. Kerosene or propane lamps and candles. These need to be protected from active children and pets. The kerosene lanterns should always be filled outside.


1. If you have a gas range or a propane stove or a grill, you have a way to cook.
Do not use a grill in the house, put it on a porch that is well ventilated.
You can light your gas range burners with matches or a long butane lighter.
You can bake in the grill if it closes or use a metal dishpan or large metal roaster to cover
your biscuits or whatever you have to bake.

2. A small folding stove that is 4 to 6 inches square to place a can of sterno in.
A sterno stove can be made from a large coffee can. Using a punch can opener,
Punch several wedge shaped holes in the side of the can at the bottom, and 6 or 7 holes around the sides at the open top. At the first indented ring from the bottom, Using a nail, put 6 holes that line up for inserting 3 heavy wires, such as from a coat hanger, straight across to place the sterno on. Make sure it is sitting on something heat proof when using.
You can also put a column candle in it, to provide a little more heat

You will need:

2 gallon of water per person per day for drinking and cooking.

Food enough for your family for the number of days you are prepping.

Additional prescriptions for that number of days.

If you can flush, enough water to flush your toilet for X number of days or a pail lined with a double plastic bag with cat litter to absorb fluids.
This can be changed as often as you have bags to cover, to save on bags, have a tight fitting cover for the pail.

Baby wipes to help keep clean.

First aid supplies, such as triple antibiotics, assorted band aids, disinfectant, aspirin, Tylenol etc.

Something to help pass the time, playing cards, coloring books and crayons, books, board games and crafts.

This is a first draft.
Now is the time to make suggestions to add to this to make it more complete.

Snow and Ice Storms Part 2

There are a few things you will need if you are trapped in your car during a storm

This information is gleaned from the FEMA site
Winter car kit
Keep these items in your car:
Flashlights with extra batteries
First aid kit with pocket knife
Necessary medications
Several blankets
Sleeping bags
Extra newspapers for insulation
Plastic bags (for sanitation)
Extra set of mittens, socks, and a wool cap
Rain gear and extra clothes
Small sack of sand for generating traction under wheels
Small shovel
Small tools (pliers, wrench, screwdriver)
Booster cables
Set of tire chains or traction mats
Cards, games, and puzzles
Brightly colored cloth to use as a flag
Canned fruit and nuts
Non-electric can opener
Bottled water

The items I would add to this are:
Tea bags
Small jar of tang.
Instant chocolate mix.
Survival blankets
A coffee can and a column candle
Several packet of cheese cracker
A small metal cup for melting snow for tea or hot chocolate
A pot holder
Ziploc bag with some sugar.
If you put the candle in the coffee can it will add warmth, (be careful where you place it)
You can also heat water over it.
These item can be stored in a tote for easy retrieval when you need it.
If trapped in car during a blizzard:
Stay in the car. Do not leave the car to search for assistance unless help is visible within 100 yards. You may become disoriented and lost in blowing and drifting snow.
Display a trouble sign. Hang a brightly colored cloth on the radio antenna and raise the hood.
Occasionally run engine to keep warm. Turn on the car's engine for about 10 minutes each hour. Run the heater when the car is running. Also, turn on the car's dome light when the car is running.
Beware of carbon monoxide poisoning. Keep the exhaust pipe clear of snow, and open a downwind window slightly for ventilation.
Watch for signs of frostbite and hypothermia.
Do minor exercises to keep up circulation.
Clap hands and move arms and legs occasionally. Try not to stay in one position for too long. If more than one person is in the car, take turns sleeping.
For warmth, huddle together.
Use newspapers, maps, and even the removable car mats for added insulation.
Avoid overexertion. Cold weather puts an added strain on the heart. Unaccustomed exercise such as shoveling snow or pushing a car can bring on a heart attack or make other medical conditions worse. Be aware of symptoms of dehydration.

Wind Chill
"Wind chill" is a calculation of how cold it feels outside when the effects of temperature and wind speed are combined. A strong wind combined with a temperature of just below freezing can have the same effect as a still air temperature about 35 degrees colder.
Winter Storm Watches and Warnings
A winter storm watch indicates that severe winter weather may affect your area. A winter storm warning indicates that severe winter weather conditions are definitely on the way.
A blizzard warning means that large amounts of falling or blowing snow and sustained winds of at least 35 miles per hour are expected for several hours.
Frostbite and Hypothermia
Frostbite is a severe reaction to cold exposure that can permanently damage its victims. A loss of feeling and a white or pale appearance in fingers, toes, or nose and ear lobes are symptoms of frostbite.
Hypothermia is a condition brought on when the body temperature drops to less than 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Symptoms of hypothermia include uncontrollable shivering, slow speech, memory lapses, frequent stumbling, drowsiness, and exhaustion.
If frostbite or hypothermia is suspected, begin warming the person slowly and seek immediate medical assistance. Warm the person's trunk first. Use your own body heat to help. Arms and legs should be warmed last because stimulation of the limbs can drive cold blood toward the heart and lead to heart failure.
Put person in dry clothing and wrap their entire body in a blanket.
Never give a frostbite or hypothermia victim something with caffeine in it (like coffee or tea) or alcohol. Caffeine, a stimulant, can cause the heart to beat faster and hasten the effects the cold has on the body. Alcohol, a depressant, can slow the heart and also hasten the ill effects of cold body temperatures.

It has been suggested that you could build a snow cave, but if you have not done this , You should practice it before you try, if it caves in you will smother.
That is why you are advised to stay in you vehicle.

With winter coming I thought I would put this one in the News Letter again.

The following is from:


1. The first long-distance auto race in the U. S. was held May 30, 1911, at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. The winner averaged 75 miles an hour and won a 1st place prize of $14,000. Today the average speed is over 167 miles an hour and the prize is more than $1.2 million. Indianapolis Motor Speedway is the site of the greatest spectacle in sports, the Indianapolis 500. The Indianapolis 500 is held every Memorial Day weekend in the Hoosier capital city. The race is 200 laps or 500 miles long.
2. Abraham Lincoln moved to Indiana when he was 7 years old. He lived most of his boyhood life in Spencer County with his parents Thomas and Nancy.
3. Explorers Lewis and Clark set out from Fort Vincennes on their exploration of the Northwest Territory.
4. The movie "Hard Rain" was filmed in Huntingburg.
5. During WWII the P-47 fighter-plane was manufactured in Evansville at Republic Aviation.
6. Marcella Gruelle of Indianapolis created the Raggedy Ann doll in 1914.
7. The first professional baseball game was played in Fort Wayne on May 4, 1871.
8. James Dean, a popular movie star of the 1950s in such movies as "East of Eden" and "Rebel without a Cause", was born February 8, 1941, in Marion. He died in an auto crash at age 24.
9. David Letterman, host of television's "Late Show with David Letterman," was born April 12, 1947, in Indianapolis.
10. Santa Claus, Indiana receives over one half million letters and requests at Christmas time.
11. Crawfordsville is the home of the only known working rotary jail in the United States. The jail with its rotating cellblock was built in 1882 and served as the Montgomery County jail until 1972. It is now a museum.
12. Historic Parke County has 32 covered bridges and is the Covered Bridge Capital of the world.
13. True to its motto, "Cross Roads of America" Indiana has more miles of Interstate Highway per square mile than any other state. The Indiana state Motto, can be traced back to the early 1800s. In the early years river traffic, especially along the Ohio, was a major means of transportation. The National Road, a major westward route, and the north-south Michigan Road crossed in Indianapolis. Today more major highways intersect in Indiana than in any other state.
14. Most of the state's rivers flow south and west, eventually emptying into the Mississippi. However, the Maumee flows north and east into Lake Erie. Lake Wawasee is the states largest natural lake.
15. Indiana's shoreline with Lake Michigan is only 40 miles long, but Indiana is still considered a Great Lakes State.
16. More than 100 species of trees are native to Indiana. Before the pioneer's arrive more than 80% of Indiana was covered with forest. Now only 17% of the state is considered forested.
17. Deep below the earth in Southern Indiana is a sea of limestone that is one of the richest deposits of top-quality limestone found anywhere on earth. New York City's Empire State Building and Rockefeller Center as well as the Pentagon, the U.S. Treasury, a dozen other government buildings in Washington D.C. as well as 14 state capitols around the nation are built from this sturdy, beautiful Indiana limestone.
18. Although Indiana means, "Land of the Indians" there are fewer than 8,000 Native Americans living in the state today.
19. The first European known to have visited Indiana was French Explorer Rene'-Robert Cavalier sierur de La Salle, in 1679. After LaSalle and others explored the Great Lakes region, the land was claimed for New France, a nation based in Canada.
20. In the 1700s the first 3 Non-native American settlements in Indiana were the 3 French forts of Ouiatenon, Ft. Miami, and Ft. Vincennes. Although they had few settlers in the region, French presence in Indiana lasted almost 100 years. After the British won the French and Indian War, and upon the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the French surrendered their claims to the lower Great Lakes region.
21. Indiana was part of the huge Northwest Territory, which included present day Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin, which were ceded to the United States by the British at the end of the Revolutionary war.
22. Ft. Wayne, Indiana's 2nd Largest city, had its beginnings in 1794, after the Battle of Fallen Timbers, when General "Mad Anthony" Wayne built Ft. Wayne on the site of a Miami Indian village.
23. Many Mennonite and Amish live on the farmland of Northeastern Indiana. One of the United States largest Mennonite congregations is in Bern. According to Amish ordnung (rules) they are forbidden to drive cars, use electricity, or go to public places of entertainment.
24. At one time Studebaker Company of South Bend was the nation's largest producer of horse-drawn wagons. It later developed into a multimillion-dollar automobilemanufacturer.
25. In Fort Wayne, Syvanus F. Bower designed the world's first practical gasoline pump.
26. Indianapolis grocer Gilbert Van Camp discovered his customers enjoyed an old family recipe for pork and beans in tomato sauce. He opened up a canning company and Van Camp's Pork and Beans became an American staple.
27. Muncie's Ball State University was built mostly from funds contributed by the founders of the Ball Corporation, a company than made glass canning jars.
28. Thomas Hendricks, a Democrat from Shelbyville, served Indiana as a United States Senator, a United States representative, governor, and as Vice President under Grover Cleveland. Indiana has been the home of 5 vice presidents and one president.
29. Peru Indiana was once known as the "Circus Capital of America".
30. Indiana University's greatest swimmer was Mark Spitz, who won 7 gold medals in the 1972 Olympic games. No other athlete has won so many gold medals in a single year.
31. In 1934 Chicago Gangster John Dillinger escaped the Lake Country Jail in Crown Point by using a "pistol" he had carved from a wooden block.
32. Before Indianapolis, Corydon served as the state's capitol from 1816-1825. Vincennes was the capital when Indiana was a territory.
33. East Race Waterway, in south Bend, is the only man-made white-water raceway in North America.
34. In 1862, Richard Gatling, of Indianapolis, invented the rapid-fire machine gun.
35. The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was organized in Terre Haute in 1881.
36. Sarah Walker, who called herself Madame J.C. Walker, became one of the nation's first woman millionaires. In 1905 Sarah Breedlove McWilliams Walker developed a conditioning treatment for straightening hair. Starting with door-to-door sales of her cosmetics, Madame C.J. Walker amassed a fortune.
37. From 1900 to 1920 more than 200 different makes of cars were produced in the Hoosier State. Duesenbergs, Auburns, Stutzes, and Maxwells - are prize antiques today.
38. The Indiana Gazette Indiana's first newspaper was published in Vincennes in 1804.
39. The state constitution of 1816 directed the legislature to establish public schools, but it was not until the 1850s that state government was able to establish a public school system.
40. Before public schools families pitched in to build log schoolhouse and each student's family paid a few dollars toward the teachers salaries.
41. At one time 12 different stagecoach lines ran through Indiana on the National Road. (Now U.S. Interstate 40)
42. In the 1830s canals were dug linking the Great Lakes to Indiana's river systems. The canals proved to be a financial disaster. Railroads made the canal system obsolete even before its completions.
43. Indiana's first major railroad line linked Madison and Indianapolis and was completed in 1847.
44. The farming community of Fountain City in Wayne County was known as the "Grand Central Station of the Underground Railroad." In the years before the civil war, Levi and Katie Coffin were famous agents on the Underground Railroad. They estimated that they provided overnight lodging for more than 2,000 runaway slaves who were making their way north to Canada and freedom.
45. During the great Depression of the 1930's 1 in every 4 Hoosier factory hands was out of work, farmers sank deeper in debt, and in southern Indiana unemployment was as high as 50%.
46. In the summer of 1987 4,453 athletes from 38 nations gathered in Indianapolis for the Pan American Games.
47. The Saturday Evening Post is published in Indianapolis.
48. Comedian Red Skelton, who created such characters as Clem Kadiddlehopper, and Freddie the Freeloader, was born in Vincennes.
49. The Poet Laureate of Indiana, James Whitcomb Riley was born in a two-room log cabin in Greenfield. He glorified his rural Indiana childhood in such poems as "The Old Swimmin' Hole" "Little Orphant Annie", and " When the frost is on the Pumpkin".
50. Albert Beveridge won the Pulitzer Prize in biography in 1920, for The Life of John Marshall. In 1934 Harold Urey won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for his discovery of deuterium. Ernie Pyle won the Pulitzer Prize in foreign Correspondence in 1944. Paul Samuelson won the Nobel Prize in economics, 1970.
51. Thanks to: Jack Daniels, Mandy Paige, Beth Markley


Did you know this about Iowa??

The following is found at: http://www.50states.com/facts/iowa.htm

1. Ripley's Believe It or Not has dubbed Burlington's Snake Alley the most crooked street in the world.
2. Strawberry Point is the home of the world's largest strawberry.
3. The state's smallest city park is situated in the middle of the road in Hiteman.
4. Scranton is home to Iowa's oldest water tower still in service.
5. Dubuque is the state's oldest city.
6. Crystal Lake is home to a statue of the world's largest bullhead fish.
7. Rathbun Dam and Reservoir is the largest body of water in the state.
8. Spirit Lake is the largest glacier-made lake in the state.
9. West Okoboji is the deepest natural lake in the state. Its depth is 136 feet.
10. Imes Bridge is the oldest of Madison County's six bridges.
11. Iowa's longest and highest bridge crosses Lake Red Rock.
12. Elk Horn in the largest Danish settlement in the United States.
13. At 16 miles, East Okoboji is the longest natural lake in the state.
14. Kalona is the largest Amish community west of the Mississippi River.
15. The state's lowest elevation point (at 480 feet) is in Lee County.
16. The Holliwell Bridge is the longest bridge in Madison County.
17. Francis Drake was 66 years old at his inauguration and Iowa's oldest governor.
18. Iowa's oldest continually running theater is in Story City.
19. The Cedar Rapids Museum of Art houses the largest collection of Grant Wood artwork.
20. Fenlon Place Elevator in Dubuque is the world's steepest and shortest railway.
21. Wright County has the highest percentage of grade-A topsoil in the nation.
22. Quaker Oats, in Cedar Rapids, is the largest cereal company in the world.
23. The Saint Francis Xavier Basilica in Dyersville is the only basilica in the United States situated outside a major metropolitan area.
24. Clarion is the only county seat in the exact center of the county.
25. Dubuque is home to the only county courthouse with a gold dome.
26. Cornell College is the only school in the nation to have its entire campus listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
27. The Sergeant Floyd Monument in Sioux City honors the only man to die during the Lewis and Clark expedition.
28. Maynard Reece is the only artist to win the Federal Duck Stamp competition five times.
29. A bronze life-sized sculpture of a Norwegian immigrant family (circa 1860) is located on a six acre restored prairie site located at the east entry to Lake Mills on Highway 105.
30. Iowa's only operating antique carousel is located in the city of Story City.
31. Knoxville's National Sprint Car Hall of Fame and Museum is the only museum in the country dedicated to preserving the history of sprint car racing.
32. Iowa's only fire tower is situated in Yellow River State Forest.
33. Sabula is Iowa's only town on an island.
34. Herbert Hoover, a West Branch native, was the 31st president of the United States and the first one born west of the Mississippi.
35. Mamie Doud Eisenhower's birthplace is located in Boone and includes a restored frame house, complete with summer kitchen and original furniture from the family.
36. Van Meter is the hometown of baseball's Bob Feller, an Iowa farm boy who went on to greatness with the Cleveland Indians during the Golden Age of baseball.
37. Born Donnabelle Mullenger in Denison, Oscar Award-winning actress, Donna Reed, started her career at the young age of 16.
38. Born Marion Robert Morrison in Winterset, John Wayne was the son of a pharmacist and grew up to become one of Hollywood's most popular movie stars.
39. Meredith Willson, who played with the famous John Philip Sousa and the New York Philharmonic before launching his career as a famous composer and lyricist, is a Mason City native.
40. Glenn Miller, noted trombonist and orchestra leader, was born in Clarinda located in Southwest Iowa.
41. The town of Fort Atkinson was the site of the only fort ever built by the U.S. government to protect one Indian tribe from another.
42. Campers and motor homes are manufactured in Winnebago County. They're called Winnebago's.
43. Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are 100% formed by water. Missouri and Mississippi rivers.
44. The highest double track railroad bridge in the world, the Kate Shelley Bridge, is located at Boone.
45. Iowa is the only state name that starts with two vowels.
46. The famous actor John Wayne was born in Winterset on May 26, 1907.
47. Iowa State University is the oldest land grant college in the U.S.A.
48. Decorah hosts Nordic Fest a three-day celebration of Decorah's Scandinavian heritage.
49. The National Balloon Museum in Indianola chronicles more than 200 years of ballooning history.
50. Sheldon High School Summer Theatre, the only high school repertory in Iowa and one of just a few in the nation presents a different play for each week in June and July.
51. Thanks to: Bob Carter, Denny Watkins


Did you know this about Kansas??

1. A ball of twine in Cawker City measures over 38' in circumference and weighs more than 16,750 pounds and is still growing.
2. A grain elevator in Hutchinson is 1/2 mile long and holds 46 million bushels in its 1,000 bins.
3. South of Ashland the Rock Island Bridge is the longest railroad bridge of its kind. It measures 1,200 feet long and is 100 feet above the Cimarron River.
4. At Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine waterbeds for horses are used in surgery.
5. Kansas won the award for most beautiful license plate for the wheat plate design issued in 1981.
6. Dodge City is the windiest city in the United States.
7. At one time it was against the law to serve ice cream on cherry pie in Kansas.
8. The first woman mayor in the United States was Susan Madora Salter. She was elected to office in Argonia in 1887.
9. The first black woman to win an Academy Award was Kansan Hattie McDaniel. She won the award for her role in "Gone with the Wind."
10. Kansas inventors include Almon Stowger of El Dorado who invented the dial telephone in 1889; William Purvis and Charles Wilson of Goodland who invented the helicopter in 1909; and Omar Knedlik of Coffeyville who invented the first frozen carbonated drink machine in 1961.
11. Smith County is the geographical center of the 48 contiguous states.
12. Amelia Earhart, first woman granted a pilot's license by the National Aeronautics Associate and first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean was from Atchison.
13. Dwight D. Eisenhower from Abilene was the 34th President of the United States.
14. Silent comedian Buster Keaton, of early film success, was from Piqua, Kansas.
15. The three largest herds of buffalo (correctly called bison) in Kansas are located on public lands at the Maxwell Game Preserve (McPherson), Big Basin (Ashland), and Buffalo Game Preserve (Garden City).
16. Fort Riley, between Junction City and Manhattan, was the cradle of the United States Cavalry for 83 years. George Custer formed the famed 7th Cavalry there in 1866. Ten years later, at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, the 7th was virtually wiped out. The only Cavalry survivor was a horse named Comanche.
17. Wyatt Earp, James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok and William B. "Bat" Masterson were three of the legendary lawmen who kept the peace in rowdy frontier towns like Abilene, Dodge City, Ellsworth, Hays, and Wichita.
18. The public swimming pool at the Lee Richardson Zoo in Garden City occupies half a city block and holds 2 1/2 million gallons of water.
19. Cedar Crest is the name of the governor's mansion in Topeka, the state capital.
20. Barton County is the only Kansas County that is named for a woman; the famous volunteer Civil War nurse Clara Barton.
21. The Arkansas River may be the only river whose pronunciation changes as it crosses state lines. In Kansas, it is called the Arkansas (ahr-KAN-zuhs). On both sides of Kansas (Colorado and Oklahoma), it is called the Arkansaw.
22. Civil War veteran S.P. Dinsmoor used over 100 tons of concrete to build the Garden of Eden in Lucas. Even the flag above the mausoleum is made of concrete.
23. Handel's Messiah has been presented in Lindsborgeach at Easter since 1889.
24. A monument to the first Christian martyr on United States Territory stands along Highway 56 near Lyons. Father Juan de Padilla came to the region with the explorer Coronado in 1541.
25. Hutchinson is nicknamed the Salt City because it was built above some of the richest salt deposits in the world. Salt is still actively mined, processed and shipped from Hutchinson.
26. There are 27 Walnut Creeks in the state.
27. There are more than 600 incorporated towns in the state.
28. Morton County sells the most trout fishing stamps of all the Kansas counties.
29. Fire Station No. 4 in Lawrence, originally a stone barn constructed in 1858, was a station site on the Underground Railroad.
30. The Hugoton Gas Field is the largest natural gas field in the United States. It underlies all or parts of 10 southwestern Kansas counties as well as parts of Oklahoma and Texas. The gas field underlies almost 8,500 square miles, an area nearly 5 times as large as the state of Rhode Island.
31. The Kansas Speleological Society has catalogued at least 528 caves in 37 Kansas counties. Commanche County has at least 128 caves and Barber County has at least 117 caves.
32. Kansas has the largest population of wild grouse in North America. The grouse is commonly called the prairie chicken.
33. Milford Reservoir with over 16,000 acres of water is the state's largest lake. The reservoir is located northwest of Junction City.
34. The Geodetic Center of North America is about 40 miles south of Lebanon at Meade's Ranch. It is the beginning point of reference for land surveying in North America. When a surveyor checks a property line, he or she is checking the position of property in relation to Meade's Ranch in northwest Kansas.
35. In Italy the city of Milan is 300 miles northwest of Rome. In Kansas, Milan is less than 25 miles northwest of Rome, in Sumner County.
36. Between 1854 and 1866, 34 steamboats paddled up the Kaw River (Kansas River). One made it as far west as Fort Riley.
37. In 1990 Kansas wheat farmers produced enough wheat to make 33 billion loaves of bread, or enough to provide each person on earth with 6 loaves.
38. Holy Cross Shrine in Pfeifer, was known as the 2 Cent Church because the building was built using a 2 cent donation on each bushel of wheat sold by members of the church.
39. Kansas produced a record 492.2 million bushels of wheat in 1997, enough to make 35.9 billion loaves of bread.
40. The American Institute of Baking is located in Manhattan.
41. A 30 foot tall statue of Johnny Kaw stands in Manhattan. The statue represents the importance of the Kansas wheat farmer.
42. The graham cracker was named after the Reverend Sylvester Graham (1794-1851). He was a Presbyterian minister who strongly believed in eating whole wheat flour products.
43. The rocks at Rock City are huge sandstone concretions. In an area about the size of two football fields, 200 rocks, some as large as houses, dot the landscape. There is no other place in the world where there are so many concretions of such giant size.
44. George Washington Carver, the famous botanical scientist who discovered more than 300 products made from the peanut, graduated from high school in Minneapolis in 1885.
45. The First United Methodist Church in Hutchinson was built in 1874 during the time of the grasshopper plagues. The grasshoppers came during the construction of the churches foundation but the pastor continued with the work. As a result, thousands of grasshoppers are mixed into the mortar of the original building's foundation.
46. A hailstone weighing more than one and a half pounds once fell on Coffeyville.
47. The Oregon Trail passed thru six states, including Kansas. There were no Indian attacks reported on the Oregon Trail as the travelers passed through the state.
48. Russell Springs located in Logan County is known as the Cow Chip Capital of Kansas.
49. The world famous fast-food chain of Pizza Hut restaurants opened its first store in Wichita.
50. Sumner County is known as The Wheat Capital of the World.
51. Thanks to: Kansas Wheathearts, Jeff Newman, Peter J. Freund, rbraig



Did you know this about Kentucky ??


1. The town of Murray is home to the Boy Scouts of America Scouting Museum located on the campus of Murray State University.
2. The Kentucky Derby is the oldest continuously held horse race in the country. It is held at Churchill Downs in Louisville on the first Saturday in May.
3. The Bluegrass Country around Lexington is home to some of the world's finest racehorses.
4. Kentucky was a popular hunting ground for the Shawnee and Cherokee Indian nations prior to being settled by white settlers.
5. In 1774 Harrodstown (now Harrodsburg) was established as the first permanent settlement in the Kentucky region. It was named after James Harrod who led a team of area surveyors.
6. The old official state tree was the Kentucky coffee tree (Gymnocladus dioicus.) The tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera) is the current official state tree. The change was made in 1976.
7. Cheeseburgers were first served in 1934 at Kaolin's restaurant in Louisville.
8. Chevrolet Corvettes are manufactured in Bowling Green.
9. Mammoth Cave is the world's longest cave and was first promoted in 1816, making it the second oldest tourist attraction in the United States. Niagara Falls, New York is first.
10. Begun in 1819 the first commercial oil well was on the Cumberland River in McCreary County.
11. The first Miss America from Kentucky is Heather Renee French. She was crowned September 18, 1999.
12. The first Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurant owned and operated by Colonel Sanders is located in Corbin.
13. Kentucky is the state where both Abraham Lincoln, President of the Union, and Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy, were born. They were born less than one hundred miles and one year apart.
14. Cumberland is the only waterfall in the world to regularly display a Moonbow. It is located just southwest of Corbin.
15. Fleming County is recognized as the Covered Bridge Capital of Kentucky.
16. Shelby County is recognized as the Saddlebred Capital of Kentucky.
17. The town of Corbin was the birthplace of old time movie star Arthur Lake whose real surname was Silverlake: He played the role of Dagwood in the "Blondie" films of the 1930s and '40s. Lake's parents were trapeze artists billed as The Flying Silverlakes.
18. Christian County is wet while Bourbon County is dry. Barren County has the most fertile land in the state.
19. Thunder Over Louisville is the opening ceremony for the Kentucky Derby Festival and is the world's largest fireworks display.
20. More than 100 native Kentuckians have been elected governors of other states.
21. In 1888, "Honest Dick" Tate the state treasurer embezzled $247,000 and fled the state.
22. The song "Happy Birthday to You" was the creation of two Louisville sisters in 1893.
23. Teacher Mary S. Wilson held the first observance of Mother's Day in Henderson in 1887. It was made a national holiday in 1916.
24. The great Man o' War won all of his horse races except one which he lost to a horse named Upset.
25. The first town in the United States to be named for the first president was Washington. It was named in 1780.
26. Pikeville annually leads the nation in per capita consumption of Pepsi-Cola.
27. The first American performance of a Beethoven symphony was in Lexington in 1817.
28. Post-It Notes are manufactured exclusively in Cynthiana. The exact number made annually of these popular notes is a trade secret.
29. Kentucky was the 15th state to join the Union and the first on the western frontier.
30. Bluegrass is not really blue--its green--but in the spring bluegrass produces bluish purple buds that when seen in large fields give a blue cast to the grass. Today Kentucky is known as the Bluegrass State.
31. There is a legend that the inspiration for Stephen Foster's hymn like song "My Old Kentucky Home" was written in 1852 after an unverified trip to visit relatives in Kentucky.
32. Daniel Boone and his wife Rebecca are buried in the Frankfort Cemetery. Their son Isaac is buried at Blue Licks Battlefield near Carlisle, where he was killed in the last battle of the Revolutionary War fought in Kentucky.
33. The only monument south of the Ohio River dedicated to Union Soldiers who died in the Civil War is located in Vanceburg.
34. The public saw an electric light for the first time in Louisville. Thomas Edison introduced his incandescent light bulb to crowds at the Southern Exposition in 1883.
35. The radio was invented by a Kentuckian named Nathan B. Stubblefield of Murray in 1892. It was three years before Marconi made his claim to the invention.
36. The first enamel bathtub was made in Louisville in 1856.
37. In the War of 1812 more than half of all Americans killed in action were Kentuckians.
38. Middlesboro is the only city in the United States built within a meteor crater.
39. Joe Bowen holds the world record for stilt walking endurance. He walked 3,008 miles on stilts between Bowen, Kentucky to Los Angeles, California.
40. The world's largest free-swinging bell known as the World Peace Bell is on permanent display in Newport.
41. High Bridge located near Nicholasville is the highest railroad bridge over navigable water in the United States.
42. Carrie Nation the spokesperson against rum, tobacco, pornography, and corsets was born near Lancaster in Garrard County.
43. The brass plate embedded in the sidewalk at the corner of Limestone and Main Street in downtown Lexington is a memorial marker honoring Smiley Pete. The animal was known as the town dog in Lexington. He died in 1957.
44. Kentucky-born Alben W. Barkley was the oldest United States Vice President when he assumed office in 1949. He was 71 years old.
45. More than $6 billion worth of gold is held in the underground vaults of Fort Knox. This is the largest amount of gold stored anywhere in the world.
46. The Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption in Covington has 82 stained-glass windows including the world's largest hand-blown one. The window measures 24 feet wide by 67 feet high and depicts the Council of Ephesus with 134 life-sized figures.
47. The Lost River Cave and Valley Bowling Green includes a cave with the shortest and deepest underground river in the world. It contains the largest cave opening east of the Mississippi.
48. The swimsuit Mark Spitz wore in the 1972 Olympic games was manufactured in Paris, Kentucky.
49. Frederick Vinson who was born in Louisa is the only Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court known to be born in jail.
50. Pike County the world's largest producer of coal is famous for the Hatfield-McCoy feud, an Appalachian vendetta that lasted from the Civil War to the 1890s.
51. Thanks to: Kentucky Department of Travel, John D. Dowd, Mandy Paige, DeLores Wiggins, Wayne Shelton, David Grossman, Cleamon Inman, Jody Odonnell


I would like to say, "Happy Birthday and Happy Anniversary to all of those who have had Birthdays and Anniversaries and I missed and those who are having Birthdays, and Anniversaries in these next 3 months.


I wish you all a HAPPY NEW YEAR.


HUGS2-1.jpg image001_zpscc9c2a8a.jpg



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Thank you, Snowmom, for the Newsletters. I really enjoy reading the history.




Jan. 14 "Dress up your Pet day" and Feb. 13 "Blame someone else day" LOL

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Pests can keep you from enjoying the peacefulness of your backyard. Here are a few more safe and cost-effective ways to keep ants and other bugs away during the warm-weather months.

If the mosquitoes are eating you alive, try rubbing a few lemon or orange peels on your skin. The citrus oil and scent act as a natural repellent, and it works great for gnats too. If you don't have any fruit handy, a little vanilla extract or baby oil can also do the trick.

Another potent tool to have in your arsenal is lemon-eucalyptus spray. This natural mosquito, flea and tick repellent is government-approved for being just as effective as DEET. On top of that, you can easily make your own spray for around $2 a bottle.

Here's the recipe: Simply take a small spray bottle and fill it up halfway with distilled or boiled water. Next, fill up the rest of with some witch hazel from your local pharmacy. Then top it all off with 50 drops of lemon-eucalyptus oil, commonly found at most health food stores.

This solution is also safe for your skin just dab a few drops on a cotton ball and apply. For those of you who don't want to deal with sprays and topical treatments, you can help keep the bugs away by using a candle warmer. These cost an average of $10-$15 at most big-box stores, and are really easy to use.

Just fill the top dish with a little water, add a few drops of essential oil, plug it in and let the heat naturally disperse the scented oil through the air. Just be sure to use insect-repelling oils like citronella, lavendar and lemon eucalptus for the best effect.

Before you spend money on overpriced bug sprays, give these safe and low-cost remedies a try. You'll keep your budget tight and the bugs at bay.

Edited to add:
I don't know about the price of getting the oils from a health food store. Probably expensive. I get oils from a craft outlet. This one is local enough to me that I can go pick it up without shipping. You might check out your craft places before a health food store. http://www.wholesale...yptus&x=53&y=11
Edited by Jeepers, 12 July 2014 - 04:48 PM.
Unfurl your big girl wings and fly


6. Preserving the Harvest http://0.static.wix....364.wix_mp_1024

Anyway, I was making a curb for a brick walkway out of cinder blocks. I figured the 8" blocks, minus the 4" bricks, would leave me a 4" curb. Then I discovered that chipping the mortar off the used bricks was a greater cost in labor than in just buying new material. And the best bang for the buck in covering large areas is with 1" native flagstone. An that would leave 7" curbs, which were too high.

So I figured, I'd raise the curb another 8" and turn them into planters. Which became 4 large planters (and also gave me a great place to "hide" several tons of crushed cement and rocks, underneath a foot of planting soil/mulch mixed with our crappy clay dirt. I have an unlimited supply of horse poop to mix, but I avoided it and bought sterile potting soil for this test, as I assume the horse poop will have a lot of grass seeds in it. With my luck, the same grass that wouldn't grow where I planted it, will thrive where I don't want it.

Anyway, I tested the irrigation yesterday and am ready to bury it and plant.

I found an on-line seed store with $0.99 samples, with seed quantities ranging from 20 to 300 depending on variety, and I bought 100 varieties of heirloom/non-GMO seeds to play with. The website http://www.boniva.co...0_S0261_F000302


There are several medications for osteoporosis and from the sounds of it, they all are with some side effects.

When I visited our dentist a short time ago, I was informed that some of these medications, maybe all may/could possibly cause cancer of the Esophagus and or stomach, but, according to what they say, it is worth the risk.


Fosamax Now Linked to Cancer of the Esophagus

The FDA has reported a link between osteoporosis drugs and cancer of the esophagus. The findings are published January 1 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Eight fatal cases of cancer of the esophagus occurred out of twenty-three reported incidences, associated with Fosamax. In Europe, and Japan six deaths have occurred, linked to Fosamax, out of thirty-one reported incidences. Twenty-one of those deaths are suspected to be related to Fosamax. Actonel, Boniva and Didronel, alone or in combination were linked to six cases, and in four cases, the osteoporosis drugs were used in combination with other drugs..

Makes one wonder if it is worth the risk.

By the way, about 1 ½ years ago, the Kidney Dr. took me off calcium. I also took myself off the Fosamax 5 or 6 years ago too. I just didn't want to take a chance on my jaw or any of my bones shattering.

9. Are You Really Ready http://www.backyardc...navychicks-page


11. Pinching Pennies: http://www.creativec...solar-lamp.html



The following is from: http://www.50states.com/facts/louisiana.htm#.VRQzPo4XfW4

Louisiana Facts and Trivia
1. The world famous "Mardi Gras" is celebrated in New Orleans. Mardi Gras is an ancient custom that originated in southern Europe. It celebrates food and fun just before the 40 days of Lent: a Catholic time of prayer and sacrifice.
2. The Battle of New Orleans, which made Andrew Jackson a national hero, was fought two weeks after the War of 1812 had ended and more than a month before the news of the war's end had reached Louisiana.
3. Louisiana was named in honor of King Louis XIV.
4. Baton Rouge hosted the 1983 Special Olympics International Summer Games at LSU.
5. Louisiana has the tallest state capitol building in the United States; the building is 450 feet tall with 34 floors.
6. Louisiana is the only state in the union that does not have counties. Its political subdivisions are called parishes.
7. Louisiana is the only state with a large population of Cajuns, descendants of the Acadians who were driven out of Canada in the 1700s because they wouldn't pledge allegiance to the King of England.
8. The Superdome in New Orleans is the worlds largest steel-constructed room unobstructed by posts. Height: 273 feet (82.3 meters), Diameter of Dome: 680 feet (210 meters), Area of Roof: 9.7 acres, Interior Space: 125,000,000 cubic feet, Total floor footage: 269,000 sq. ft. (82,342 sq. meters), Electrical Wiring: 400 miles (640 kilometers)
9. Metairie is home to the longest bridge over water in the world, the Lake Pontchartrain causeway. The causeway connects Metairie with St. Tammany Parish on the North Shore. The causeway is 24 miles long.
10. Louisiana is the only state that still refers to the Napoleonic Code in its state law.
11. Since 1835 the New Orleans & Carrolliton Line is the oldest street railway line still in operation.
12. Saint Martin Parish is home to the world's largest freshwater river basin, the Atchafalaya Basin; the basin provides nearly every type of outdoor recreational activity imaginable.
13. Breaux Bridge is known as the "Crawfish Capital of the World".
14. The first American army to have African American officers was the confederate Louisiana Native Guards. The Corps d'Afrique at Port Hudson was sworn into service on September 27, 1862.
15. In Louisiana, biting someone with your natural teeth is considered a simple assault, but biting someone with your false teeth is considered an aggravated assault.
16. The Saint Charles streetcar line in New Orleans and the San Francisco, California cable cars are the nation's only mobile national monuments
17. Jennings is called the "Garden Spot of Louisiana" for it's rich and productive farmland. Jennings sobriquet {nickname} became a "Northern Town on Southern Soil".
18. Baton Rouge's flag is a field of crimson representing the great Indian nations that once inhabited the area.
19. Money Magazine has rated Terrebonne Parish, in the heart of Cajun Country the best place to live in Louisiana for 3 years in a row.
20. In 1718 The French found New Orleans and marked "Cannes Brulee" on maps upriver in the area known today as the City of Kenner. French for "Burnt Canes", Cannes Brulee was a name given by explorers who observed natives burning cane to drive out wild game.
21. Between April 17,1862 and May 18, 1864 20 major Civil War battles and engagements were fought on Louisiana soil.
22. In 1803 the United States paid France $15 million for the Louisiana Territory. 828,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River. The lands acquired stretched from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian border. Thirteen states were carved from the Louisiana Territory. The Louisiana Purchase nearly doubled the size of the United States.
23. bayou: \BUY-you\ n. a French name for slow-moving "river"
24. Louisiana's first territorial governor, William C.C. Claiborne had great admiration for the awkward bird that inhabited the Gulf Coast region. The pelican, rather than let its young starve, would tear at its own flesh to feed them. The Governor's great respect for the Pelican led him to first use the Pelican symbol on official documents.
25. The Catahoula Leopard Dog, often called the Catahoula Hound, is the official state dog.
26. The City of Sulphur is the 13th largest city in Louisiana and is named for the chemical and mining industry that helped to establish Calcasieu Parish in the late 1800's.
27. The Town of Walker became a municipality under the State's Lawrason Act (136 of 1898) on July 9, 1909 as a village.
28. Saint Joseph's Cemetery, the only known United States cemetery facing north-south is in Rayne.
29. Incorporated in 1813 under the Lawrason Act, Saint Francisville is the second oldest town in Louisiana.
30. The Union Cottonseed Oil Mill of West Monroe was in the planning stages as early as 1883. By 1887, it provided the area with many jobs for the laborers of the area. The Union Oil Mill is the oldest industry in Ouachita Parish.
31. French speaking Acadians in the mid-1700s settled the Lafayette Parish region of south Louisiana. The Acadians were joined by another group of settlers called Creoles, descendants of African, West Indian, and European pioneers. At the time of the migration, Louisiana was under Spanish rule and authorities welcomed the new settlers.
32. The city of Kaplan is referred to as "The Most Cajun place on earth".
33. The town of Jean Lafitte was once a hideaway for pirates.
34. Winnsboro, the "Stars and Stripes Capital of Louisiana", is one of the most patriotic cities in America. On Memorial Day, July 4th, Veteran's Day, Labor Day, and other special occasions, approximately 350 American flags fly proudly along highway 15.
35. The name "Bogalusa" is derived from the Indian named creek "Bogue Lusa", which flows through the city.
36. Frances Parkinson Keyes, one of America's best selling authors, lived in Crowley for more than ten years.
37. The golden spike, commemorating the completion of the east-west Vicksburg, Shreveport and Pacific Railroad, was driven at Bossier City on July 12, 1884, by Julia "Pansy" Rule. It was the first such spike driven by a woman.
38. Jim Bowie, the legendary adventurer and hero of the Battle of the Alamo, lived in Opelousas after moving there from Kentucky. Opelousas is the third oldest city in Louisiana.
39. The City of Ponchatoula is the oldest incorporated city in Tangipahoa Parish. Ponchatoula derives its name from the Choctaw Indian language meaning "hair to hang" because of the abundance of Spanish moss on the trees surrounding the area.
40. Le Musee de la Ville de Kaplan {The Kaplan Museum} is located in the center of downtown Kaplan. Le Musee at appropriate times has exhibits centered on the seasonal festivals. Mardi Gras, Easter, July 4, Bastille Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas.
41. Rayne is known as the "The Frog Capital of the World".
42. Notations on the original plats of survey for the area that is now Ville Platte stated that surveyors had to use pirogues and flat boats to properly do their work.
43. Because Covington is in a region referred to as the Ozone Belt, it has long been known for its clean air and water.
44. Gueydan is known as the "Duck Capital of America" in recognition of its abundance of waterfowl.
45. Mamou bills itself as "The Cajun Music Capital of the World." Mamou musicians, in particular the musicians who have perform at Fred's Lounge have been a major force in expanding the audience for Cajun music far beyond Southwest Louisiana.
46. The Harvey Canal Locks near Westwego connect the Mississippi River to the Harvey Canal. Back in the 1800s the locks served as ferries to transport railroad cars from one side of the canal to the other. Workers would then reunite the railroad cars on land. This service may have sparked the name of the town. According to one local folk tale, trainmen would shout "West We Go" as the railroad cars were reconnected and pulled out of the station.
47. Church Point boasts the designation "The Buggy Capital of the World". A festival celebrates this designation annually on the first weekend in June.
48. The Creole House in French Settlement was built of cypress wood. It is typical of the dwellings built in the late 1800's because cypress was so plentiful in the surrounding swamps.
49. Fort Polk was established in 1941 and named in honor of the Right Reverend Leonidas Polk, the first Episcopal Bishop of the Diocese of Louisiana. On March 12, 1993, Fort Polk officially became the home of the Joint Readiness Training Center.
50. Pineville is home to a one of a kind museum called the Old Town Hall Museum. It is the only museum in the entire state of Louisiana dedicated to municipal government.


Maine Facts and Trivia http://www.50states.com/facts/maine.htm#.VRQ0O44XfW4


1. Eastport is the most eastern city in the United States. The city is considered the first place in the United States to receive the rays of the morning sun.
2. In Wilton there's a cannery that imports and cans only dandelion greens.
3. Maine is the only state in the United States whose name has one syllable.
4. Maine is the only state that shares its border with only one other state.
5. Bath is known as the City of Ships.
6. Joshua L. Chamberlain born in Brewer received the only battlefield promotion to General during the Civil War. He was also the last Civil War soldier to die of wounds incurred in the War.
7. The White Mountain National Forest covers nearly 800,000 acres, the forest covers a landscape ranging from hardwood forests to the largest alpine area east of the Rocky Mountains
8. Aroostook County at 6,453 square miles covers an area greater than the combined size of Connecticut and Rhode Island.
9. Approximately 40 millions pounds (nearly 90 percent) of the nation's lobster supply is caught off the coast of Maine.
10. Maine produces 99% of all the blueberries in the country making it the single largest producer of blueberries in the United States.
11. Maine's earliest inhabitants were descendants of Ice Age hunters.
12. Portland was first temporarily selected as the state capital. In 1832 the capital was moved to the centrally located site of Augusta.
13. In 1641 America's first chartered city was York.
14. Acadia National Park is the second most visited national park in the United States.
15. West Quoddy Head is the most easterly point in the United States.
16. Augusta is the most eastern capital city in the United States.
17. Mount Katahdin is the state's highest point at 5,268 feet above sea level.
18. Togus was the first Veteran's Hospital in the United States. The facility was founded in 1866.
19. An unsuccessful attempt at establishing a permanent English settlement in the New World was at the location now known as Popham Beach. Sir George Popham led the expedition in 1607.
20. 90% of the country's toothpick supply is produced in Maine.
21. Portland is the birthplace of poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
22. Senator Margaret Chase Smith stood up in the senate and gave the famous Declaration of Conscious speech, speaking out against the McCarthy era. Senator Smith was the first female presidential candidate.
23. Author Steven King is a resident of Bangor.
24. Former President George Bush has a summer home in Kennebunkport.
25. Freeport is the home to the L.L. Bean Company.
26. The skating scene in the movie "The Preacher's Wife" was filmed in Deering Oaks Park in Portland.
27. The chickadee is the official state bird.
28. Maine lies farther northeast than any other state.
29. Maine's nickname as the Pine Tree State comes from the pines that once dotted the state's forests.
30. With a total area of 33,215 square miles the state covers nearly as many square miles as the other five New England states combined.
31. The state flower is the white pine cone and tassel.
32. The coastline boasts so many deep harbors it is thought all the navies in the world could anchor in them.
33. Maine lobsters have won international fame for their flavor and contribution to the culinary world.
34. The Penobscot Marine Museum in Searsport houses numerous historic buildings and marine memorabilia.
35. Fort Knox erected in 1844 is a state historic site originally built to protect the Penobscot River Valley from British naval attack. The fort was constructed from granite from nearby Mount Waldo.
36. Numerous lighthouses dot the Main coast including Fort Point Lighthouse at Fort Point State Park in Stockton Springs and Grindle Point Lighthouse on Isleboro.
37. The Sailor's Memorial Museum in Isleboro features displays depicting life at sea.
38. Located in Thorndike Village, the Bryant Stove Works and Museum displays an eclectic collection of antique cast iron stoves, parlor heaters, roadsters and touring cars. In addition, the museum features antique layer pianos, pipe organs and music boxes, calliopes, nickelodeons, and hurdy-gurdys.
39. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was considered the most influential poet of his day. The writer was born in Portland, on February 2, 1807. His most popular works include "The Courtship of Miles Standish", "Evangeline" and "Hiawatha".
40. The nation's first sawmill was established near York in 1623.
41. York became the nation's first incorporated city in 1642.
42. The first ship build by English colonists in Americas was launched on the Kennebec River in 1607.
43. The first naval battle of the Revolutionary War was fought off Machias in 1775.
44. Maine was admitted to the Union as the 23rd state on March 15, 1820.
45. Maine's blueberry crop is the largest in the nation.
46. The honeybee is the official state insect.
47. Maine contains 542,629 acres of state and national parks.
48. Edmund S. Muskie became the first Democratic United States senator ever elected by popular vote in Maine. He was also elected governor for two terms. He was born in Rumford.
49. Eastport is the only United States owned principality that has been under rule by a foreign government. It was held from 1814 to 1818 by British troops under King George following the conclusion of the War of 1812.
50. Maine's government entities are comprised of 16 counties with 22 cities, 435 towns, 33 plantations, 424 unorganized townships and 3 Indian reservations.

Maryland Facts and Trivia http://www.50states.com/facts/maryland.htm#.VRQ03I4XfW4

1. The United States Naval Academy was founded on October 10, 1845 at Annapolis.
2. In 1830 the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company built the first railroad station in Baltimore.
3. During revolutionary times Rockville was known as Hungerford's Tavern the name of its most familiar landmark. One of the first calls to freedom from British rule was heard at the tavern in 1774.
4. The Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary is considered a masterpiece and one of the finest 19th century buildings in the world. The basilica is the first cathedral in the United States. Baltimore represents the first Roman Catholic diocese.
5. Fort Meade near Laurel became a base because a train engineer delivering soldiers to Meade knew only one Meade, the one in Maryland. He was not aware of Fort Meade, Florida. The confusion happened so often a second base was built in Maryland in an attempt to avoid the confusion.
6. King Williams School opened in 1696 it was the first school in the United States.
7. The first dental school in the United States opened at the University of Maryland.
8. Babe Ruth, the Sultan of Swat, was born in Baltimore and attended Saint Mary's Industrial School.
9. Other Major League Ball player besides "The Babe" born in Maryland include Cal Ripken, Jr., Billy Ripken, Lefty Grove, Frank (Home Run) Baker, Harold Baines, Al Kaline, Denny Neagle, and Jimmie Foxx.
10. Tilghman Island is home to the Skipjacks, the only commercial sailing fleet in North America.
11. America's national anthem was written by Francis Scott Key a Maryland lawyer. It is believed Key wrote the anthem on September 14, 1814 while watching the bombardment of Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor.
12. Since May 30th, 1949 the United States flag has flown continuously over the monument marking the site of Francis Scott Key's birthplace. The flag flies at Terra Rubra Farm, Carroll County, Keymar, Maryland as mandated by a Joint Resolution of Congress.
13. The National Aquarium is located in Baltimore's Inner Harbor.
14. The 1,200 foot Francis Scott Key Bridge in Baltimore is the second longest continuous truss bridge in the nation.
15. The 4.03 mile William Preston Lane Memorial (The Bay Bridge), joins the western part of Maryland to the eastern shore and crosses the Chesapeake Bay.
16. Annapolis is known as the sailing capital of the world.
17. Located in the Chesapeake Bay, Smith Island is Maryland's only inhabited off-shore island.
18. The highest point in Maryland is 3,360 feet above sea level on Backbone Mountain in Garrett County. The absolute lowest point in Maryland is a depression, often called Bloody Point Hole, 174 feet below sea level. The area is located approximately 1 mile west-southwest of the southern tip of Kent Island in Queen Anne's County.
19. The Maryland State House is the oldest state capitol still in continuous legislative use.
20. Chincoteague's are famous ponies from Assateague Island.
21. Dredging and tonging are methods for harvesting oysters.
22. On June 24,1784, in Baltimore, 13-year old Edward Warren went airborne in the first successful manned balloon launch in the United States.
23. Maryland forests cover approximately 2.7 million acres, or 43% of the states land surface. Oak and hickory are the dominant hardwood or deciduous forest type, making up 60% of forested areas. Loblolly pine is the most prevalent softwood and is the predominant forest wood on the Eastern Shore.
24. Constructed circa 1850 an acorn-shaped gazebo can be found in Acorn Park in Silver Spring. The park is all that remains of Francis Preston Blair's estate.
25. On September 14, 1975, Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton of Emmitsburg was canonized, becoming the first native-born American to be so honored. Saint Elizabeth Ann formed the religious community the Sisters of Charity.
26. The National Institute of Standards and Technology gave Gaithersburg the designation Science Capital of the United States when the Bureau moved to the area in 1961.
27. Samuel F.B. Morse reportedly received the first telegraph message in Bladensburg, in 1844, before his famous "What Hath God Wrought" message between Baltimore and Washington. His telegraph wire had been strung along the railroad right of way. Ezra Cornell, founder of Cornell University, lived in Bladensburg and is said to have invented the telegraph pole.
28. The town of Garrett Park declared the first nuclear free zone in the United States in 1982, thus affirming a tradition of peacefulness that began back in 1898 when it became illegal to harm any tree or songbird within the town limits.
29. Maryland was first to enact Workmen's compensation laws in 1902.
30. Friendship International Airport - now Baltimore/Washington International Airport - began operations on June 24. 1950.
31. Channel 67 broadcast the state's first public television programs on October 5, 1969.
32. Greenbelt was the first community in the United States built as a planned city. Greenbelt was an experiment in both the physical and social planning.
33. The Concord Point Lighthouse in Havre de Grace is the oldest continuously operated lighthouse in the State of Maryland.
34. Havre de Grace is known as the decoy capitol of the world.
35. The Methodist Church of America was formally organized in 1784 at Perry Hall.
36. Mount Airy is unique because two counties, Carroll and Frederick, divide it.
37. Oxford (founded 1683), gained its prominence in colonial days by being mandated in 1694 by Maryland legislation as the first and only port of entry on the eastern shore.
38. On the morning of August 10, 1813 residents of Saint Michaels having been forewarned of a British attack hoisted lanterns to the masts of ships and in the tops of the trees. The height of light caused cannons to overshoot the town. This first known blackout was effective and only one house was struck and is now known as the "Cannonball House." The town has been known as the town that fooled the British since this historic event.
39. New Market is known as Maryland's antique capital.
40. Swallow Falls State Park near Oakland showcases Muddy Creek Falls. At 63 feet it is the largest waterfall in Maryland.
41. Maryland gave up some of it's land to form Washington D.C.
42. The Maryland Renaissance Festival is held from August and October in Crownsville.
43. Maryland is a prominent producer and processor of seafood and a national leader in the production of blue crabs and soft clams.
44. The Thrasher Carriage Museum in Frostburg houses a collection of early 19th- and 20th-century horse drawn conveyances. Formal closed carriages, milk wagons, open sleighs, funeral wagons, dog carts, and President Roosevelt's inaugural carriage are among the approximately 50 vehicles featured.
45. Sixteen of the 23 Maryland counties border on tidal water. The combined length of tidal shoreline, including islands, is 4,431 miles.
46. The Bollman Truss Railroad Bridge in Savage is made of both cast iron and wrought iron. It is the only open railroad bridge of its type anywhere in the world
47. Clara Barton National Historic Site commemorates the life of Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross. The house in Glen Echo served as her home and headquarters for the American Red Cross and a warehouse for disaster relief supplies.
48. Maryland has forty-seven operational State parks, including 7 parks with waterfront areas, covering 90,239 acres; 15 State-owned lakes and ponds open to public fishing; 9 State forests and portions of 15 State parks open to public hunting; 36 wildlife management areas, covering 88,348 acres, open to public hunting; 6 natural environment areas containing 7,676 acres.
49. Annapolis was known as the Athens of America during the seventeenth century and once served as the capital of the United States.
50. The Community Bridge mural project in Frederick transformed a plain concrete bridge into the stunning illusion of an old stone bridge. The entire structure was painted by hand by an artist and his assistants, using advanced trompe l'oeil ("deceive the eye") techniques.







I want to say THANKYOUHAT.gif to all who read the News Letters.



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I'll add more as I find them. Others feel free to add yours.


5. MrsSurvival Chat Archive


Starting to harvest. The radishes turned out pretty good. Lot of different flavors. The big white ones were pretty strong. Supposedly the hotness has to do with the amount of water. I eat jalepenos like candy, but the big white ones were too hot for me to enjoy. They had a residual complex flavor mildly reminiscent of horseradish/wasabi. The red and the red/white tasted like normal salad radish. Some of the plants had a huge stalk, flowers, and the bulb was tiny. Do they use up the energy stores of the root bulb when they flower?

We culled lettuce too. The book says to either pull the outer leaves or cut off the whole plant 1" above dirt and it will grow again.
Also doing well are the "greens." Mustard greens, and several kinds of Kale. Mustard greens actually have a very interesting flavor but it's very strong. Best I could describe it was a buttery hot and a little bitter mustard. Too strong to add to a salad, IMO. The Kale was large red leaf, and was bitter. So I made a unilateral decision that they ain't goin' in the salad.
So I go online and read a bit. It seems that they are closely related to broccoli and cauliflower, and should be cooked. Also says freezing kale makes it sweeter. So I read a bunch of recipes and decided on this amalgamation.

heat olive oil.
add minced garlic and minced onion
when garlic browns, throw in the chopped kale and mustard greens
add lemon and pepper (I used lemon-pepper, 'cause I had no lemons)
simmer until they soften - about 5 minutes
turn off heat, add red wine vinegar, toss and eat warm.

Actually turned okay, but it's only been an hour. If I keel over dead in the next few hours - that's why.

So what I get from it, is that the "greens" basically taste like **** when raw, but they are nutritious, so sauteing them and mixing with other stuff (potato, sausage, etc) is a good way to eat them without actually having to taste them. Like spinach, except I like spinach raw or wilted.

My question is - of all the garden stuff, are there any greens that will make me sick? This is an experiment toward survival gardening, so I am interested in nutritional value over taste. I know that tomato plants are poisonous (nightshade family). I'm reading about the radish leaves as edible as well. http://www.washingto...75b3_story.html
Any simple post-apocalypse recipes for greens?


8 2 Bits, 4 Bits, 6 Bits a Dollar!


Aren't these the cutest things ever? I really need to find some time to get back to sewing.


12. Within These Pages:


14. Mrs. Survival's Survival and Preparation Manual:









A question often asked is "How long does food stay good" Here are a few links to help answer this question.



This is how a few people do it:

I only have five places where food prep items are located - and I do not spread it out any more than that or it would become impossible to keep track of. Of those locations... there is an order of rotation that ensures I keep a handle on it... pantry is current opened/usage items stocked with things moved in from the first tier storage rooms (there is two). Second tier storage areas have items that will not be used within a year's time (longer term items). Once a year, I rotate items from the second tier storage areas into the first tier storage that are ready to be rotated into use and then I replace with new products in the long term storage area.

At the time that I do the rotation... I do a couple of inventory management things:

First, I do a physical inventory and put in on my inventory sheets (computer spreadsheet) - this only get's done once a year and gives me a baseline to evaluate what needs ramping up and what is overstocked.

Second, I clean the storage areas including the pantry shelves (vacuum up cobwebs, spilled items, and dust - wipe down surfaces) and move the first to be used items forward and put the recently moved in items at the back. While doing this I inspect the items and make sure nothing has developed problems.

Finally, I date all new items coming in with the date purchased/stored(i.e. Jan 2008).

This get's done once a year. Last year I started doing all my major restocking at the start of the year (prebuying to replace the current year's expected usage to lock in lower prices) and that makes this system work even better... as I just do all the inventory management and restocking all within a months time frame and then am done! It works quite well actually but requires carving out some time for the rotation/cleaning/inventory and saving your cash for the big annual restocking purchases. It's cheaper though and more efficient in my mind.

Another one:

I have one pantry and everything gets crammed into it except what goes under the bed, behind the couch, on top closet shelves and etc. Once we are a bit more finished with the remodeling though will be another story.

I'm hoping to put in shelves that can be loaded from the back and used from the front. That way there is less moving things around other than moving them forward on the shelf.

I do not keep a written inventory but do take frequent visual ones to see what needs to be tweaked. I buy certain things yearly also but not all at the same time. When I find a good sale on something we use regularly, like T-paper, I buy enough to last a year or two depending on its storage life. Those are usually non-food items and are stored separately. Because I buy this way it frees up funds to buy the next good sale. Most of my monthly buying is based on the sales ads.

Most of my food items are easily inventoried at a glance but only because I've been doing it so many years that all I have to do is calculate approximately what is on a shelf and the time of year to know if I need to stock up further at the next sale.

One thing I do is to mark all items with the date of purchase and use the oldest first. Canned goods and such I also mark with the name of the product inside just in case we have a problem and the cans lose their labels. I had that happen once and it's not always nice to have a surprise when preparing a meal LOL.

One thing that I do keep very close tabs on is the hidden inventory of food and non-food items to make sure they are rotated. Normally I just take new items as I buy them into the area and remove the older ones for everyday use. Many of those items are for long term storage so they are not switched as often. If "someone" decided they needed my pantry of food more than I did at least there is a chance they would not find the hidden supplies.

Here is what can happen if you don't have an inventory of your supplies:

I thought I had more flour but I could not find it. So I chalked it up to having been used. That was until last night. I was looking of something in the hall closet and there in a big 21/2 gallon zip lock bag were 2-5lb bags of flour. Not my favorite brand but hey its 10lb of flour!

Yes...I sometimes have to shift things around and am always pleasantly surprised to find some "lost" item. I thought I had used up all of our soap (but could not remember doing THAT, either) only to remember that I had moved it from its original storage location to a new set of storage drawers that I had simply...forgotten about!

I keep a little coupon saver type pouch and list my preps and where I have stashed them on index cards. It is a nice system - I carry it with me where ever I go. If I spot a sale I know what to purchase. If I have extra dollars, I know what I could use, yet. It is a good system unless I forget to write down my purchases, however! We ate a lot of sauer kraut last winter because I bought, stored and didn't write down the fact that I had stashed twelve cans of Kraut!!


Did you know??

Massachusetts Facts and Trivia Found at: http://www.50states.com/facts/massachusetts.htm#.VYrmLlIXfW4

1. 552 original documents pertaining to the Salem witch trials of 1692 have been preserved and are still stored by the Peabody Essex Museum.
2. Boston built the first subway system in the United States in 1897.
3. Although over 30 communities in the colonies eventually renamed themselves to honor Benjamin Franklin. The Massachusetts Town of Franklin was the first and changed its name in 1778.
4. Norfolk County is the birthplace of four United States presidents: John Adams, John Quincy Adams, John Fitzgerald Kennedy and George Herbert Walker Bush.
5. In Holyoke, William G. Morgan, created a new game called "Mintonette" in 1895. After a demonstration given at the YMCA in nearby Springfield, the name "Mintonette" was replaced with the now familiar name "Volleyball."
6. There is a house in Rockport built entirely of newspaper.
7. Hingham's Derby Academy founded in 1784 is the oldest co-educational school in the United States. Hingham's First Parish Old Ship Church is the oldest church structure in the United States in continuous use as a place of worship.
8. The Fig Newton was named after Newton, Massachusetts.
9. The visible portion of Plymouth Rock is a lumpy fragment of glacial moraine about the size of a coffee table, with the date 1620 cut into its surface. After being broken, dragged about the town of Plymouth by ox teams used to inspire Revolution-aries, and reverently gouged and scraped by 19th-century souvenir hunters, it is now at rest near the head of Plymouth Harbor.
10. The Basketball Hall Of Fame is located in Springfield.
11. James Michael Curley was the first mayor of Boston to have an automobile. The plate number was "576" - the number of letters in "James Michael Curley." The mayor of Boston's official car still uses the same number on its plate.
12. The American industrial revolution began in Lowell. Lowell was America's first planned industrial city.
13. On October 1, 1998, "Say Hello To Someone From Massachusetts" by Lenny Gomulka, was approved as the official polka of the Commonwealth.
14. 1634: Boston Common became the first public park in America.
15. 1891: The first basketball game was played in Springfield.
16. Massachusetts holds the two largest cites in New England, Boston, the largest, and Worcester.
17. The creation of the Cape Cod National Seashore, which was formerly private town and state owned land, marked the first time the federal government purchased land for a park.
18. Robert Goddard, inventor of the first liquid fueled rocket, was born and lived much of his life in Worcester and launched the first rocket fueled with liquid fuel from the neighboring town of Auburn.
19. Quincy boasts the first Dunkin Donuts on Hancock Street and the first Howard Johnson's on Newport Ave.
20. Glaciers formed the islands of Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard during the ice age.
21. The first U.S.Postal zip code in Massachusetts is 01001 at Agawam.
22. Brewster has become the de facto "Wedding Capital of Cape Cod" because of its many small and larger inns that cater to weddings.
23. The birth control pill was invented at Clark University in Worcester.
24. The signs along the Massachusetts Turnpike reading "x miles to Boston" refer to the distance from that point to the gold dome of the state house.
25. Harvard was the first college established in North America. Harvard was founded in 1636. Because of Harvard's size there is no universal mailing address that will work for every office at the University.
26. In 1838 the Boston & West Worcester Railroad was the first railroad to charge commuter fares.
27. The Boston University Bridge on Commonwealth Avenue in Boston is the only place in the world where a boat can sail under a train driving under a car driving under an airplane.
28. The Mather school was founded in Dorchester in 1639. It is the first public elementary school in America.
29. On top of the commercial building on Centre Street in Jamaica Plain sits a weather vane with a whale on it. The building was once state headquarters of Greenpeace. - "Save the whales"
30. John Adams and John Quincy Adams are buried in the crypt at the United First Parish Church in Quincy.
31. The Children's Museum in Boston displays a giant milk bottle on the museum's wharf. If it were real it would hold 50,000 gallons of milk and 8,620 gallons of cream.
32. Princeton was named after the Reverend Thomas Prince, Pastor of the Old South Church in Boston, and one of the first proprietors of the town. Princeton was incorporated in 1759.
33. Barnstable County is the only Massachusetts county where resident deaths out numbered births between 1990 and 1997.
34. The Pilgrim National Wax Museum in Plymouth is the only wax museum devoted entirely to the Pilgrim's story.
35. In 1908, Miss Caroline O. Emmerton purchased The House of the Seven Gables - built in 1668 - restored it to its present state and, in 1910, opened the site to the touring public. The seven-gabled house inspired Nathaniel Hawthorne to write his famous novel of the same name.
36. The Boston Tea Party reenactment takes place in Boston Harbor every December 16th.
37. Balance Rock in Lanesborough is named in honor of a 25' x 15' x 10 boulder that balances upon a small stone below it.
38. Massachusetts first began issuing drivers licenses and registration plates in June of 1903.
39. The 3rd Monday in April is a legal holiday in Massachusetts called Patriot's Day.
40. The first Thanksgiving Day was celebrated in Plymouth in 1621.
41. William Hill Brown published The Power of Sympathy in Worcester in 1789. An imitation of Goethe's Sorrows of Young Werther it is regarded as the first American novel.
42. The fourteen counties in Massachusetts are made up of 43 cities and 308 towns.
43. Charles Goodyear in Woburn first vulcanized rubber in 1839.
44. Elias Howe of Boston invented the first sewing machine in 1845.
45. The first nuclear-powered surface vessel, USS Long Beach CG (N) 9, was launched at Quincy in 1961.
46. The USS Constitution 'Old Ironsides', the oldest fully commissioned vessel in the US Navy is permanently berthed at Charlestown Navy Yard. Since 1897 the ship has been overhauled several times in Dry Dock 1.
47. Revere Beach was the first public beach in the United States and is host to Suffolk Downs horse racing track, Wonderland dog racing track and a 14-screen cinema complex.
48. The official state dessert of Massachusetts is Boston cream pie.
49. Milford is known the world over for its unique pink granite, discovered in the 1870's and quarried for many years to grace the exteriors of museums, government buildings, monuments and railroad stations.
50. Acushnet is the hometown of the Titleist golf ball company.

I'm adding one more.
There are 29 State Parks more information can be found at:


Did you know??
Michigan Facts and Trivia Found at: www.50states.com/facts/michigan.htm#.VYrl-VIXfW4
1. Detroit is known as the car capital of the world.
2. Alpena is the home of the world's largest cement plant.
3. Rogers City boasts the world's largest limestone quarry.
4. Elsie is the home of the world's largest registered Holstein dairy herd.
5. Michigan is first in the United States production of peat and magnesium compounds and second in gypsum and iron ore.
6. Colon is home to the world's largest manufacture of magic supplies.
7. The state Capitol with its majestic dome was built in Lansing in l879.
8. Although Michigan is often called the "Wolverine State" there are no longer any wolverines in Michigan.
9. Michigan ranks first in state boat registrations.
10. The Packard Motor Car Company in Detroit manufactured the first air-conditioned car in 1939.
11. The oldest county (based on date of incorporation) is Wayne in 1815.
12. Sault Ste. Marie was founded by Father Jacques Marquette in 1668. It is the third oldest remaining settlement in the United States.
13. In 1817 the University of Michigan was the first university established by any of the states. Originally named Cathelepistemian and located in Detroit the name was changed in 1821. The university moved to Ann Arbor in 1841.
14. The city of Novi was named from its designation as Stagecoach Stop # 6 or No.VI.
15. Michigan State University has the largest single campus student body of any Michigan university. It is the largest institution of higher learning in the state and one of the largest universities in the country.
16. Michigan State University was founded in 1855 as the nation's first land-grant university and served as the prototype for 69 land-grant institutions later established under the Morrill Act of 1862. It was the first institution of higher learning in the nation to teach scientific agriculture.
17. The largest village in Michigan is Caro.
18. Michigan's state stone, The Petoskey is the official state stone. It is found along the shores of Lake Michigan.
19. The Mackinac Bridge is one of the longest suspension bridges in the world. Connecting the upper and lower peninsulas of Michigan, it spans 5 miles over the Straits of Mackinac, which is where Lake Michigan and Lake Huron meet. The Mighty Mac took 3 years to complete and was opened to traffic in 1957.
20. Gerald R. Ford grew up in Grand Rapids and became the 38th president of the United States He attended the University of Michigan where he was a football star. He served on a World War II aircraft carrier and afterward represented Michigan in Congress for 24 years. He was also was an Eagle Scout, the highest rank in Boy Scouts.
21. The Kellogg Company has made Battle Creek the Cereal Capital of the World. The Kellogg brothers accidentally discovered the process for producing flaked cereal products and sparked the beginning of the dry cereal industry.
22. The painted turtle is Michigan's state reptile.
23. The western shore of Michigan has many sand dunes. The Sleeping Bear Dunes rise 460 feet above Lake Michigan. Living among the dunes is the dwarf lake iris the official state wildflower.
24. Vernors ginger ale was created in Detroit and became the first soda pop made in the United States. In 1862, pharmacist James Vernor was trying to create a new beverage when he was called away to serve our country in the Civil War. When he returned, 4 years later, the drink he had stored in an oak case had acquired a delicious gingery flavor.
25. The Detroit Zoo was the first zoo in America to feature cageless, open-exhibits that allowed the animals more freedom to roam.
26. Michigan is the only place in the world with a floating post office. The J.W. Westcott II is the only boat in the world that delivers mail to ships while they are still underway. They have been operating for 125 years.
27. Indian River is the home of the largest crucifix in the world. It is called the Cross in the Woods.
28. Michigan has the longest freshwater shoreline in the world.
29. Michigan has more shoreline than any other state except Alaska.
30. The Ambassador Bridge was named by Joseph Bower, the person credited with making the bridge a reality, who thought the name "Detroit-Windsor International Bridge" as too long and lacked emotional appeal. Bower wanted to "symbolize the visible expression of friendship of two peoples with like ideas and ideals."
31. Michigan has more than 11,000 inland lakes and more than 36,000 miles of streams.
32. Michigan has 116 lighthouses and navigational lights.
33. Seul Choix Point Lighthouse in Gulliver has been guiding ships since 1895. The working light also functions as a museum, which houses early 1900s furnishings and maritime artifacts.
34. Forty of the state's 83 counties adjoin at least one of the Great Lakes. Michigan is the only state that touches four of the five Great Lakes.
35. Standing anywhere in the state a person is within 85 miles of one of the Great Lakes.
36. Michigan includes 56,954 square miles of land area; 1,194 square miles of inland waters; and 38,575 square miles of Great Lakes water area.
37. Sault Ste. Marie was established in 1668 making it the oldest town between the Alleghenies and the Rockies.
38. Michigan was the first state to provide in its Constitution for the establishment of public libraries.
39. Michigan was the first state to guarantee every child the right to tax-paid high school education.
40. Four flags have flown over Michigan - French, English, Spanish and United States.
41. Isle Royal Park shelters one of the largest moose herds remaining in the United States.
42. Some of the longest bulk freight carriers in the world operate on the Great Lakes. Ore carriers 1,000 feet long sail Michigan's inland seas.
43. The Upper Michigan Copper Country is the largest commercial deposit of native copper in the world.
44. The 19 chandeliers in the Capitol in Lansing are one of a kind and designed especially for the building by Tiffany's of New York. Weighing between 800-900 pounds apiece they are composed of copper, iron and pewter.
45. The first auto traffic tunnel built between two nations was the mile-long Detroit-Windsor tunnel under the Detroit River.
46. The world's first international submarine railway tunnel was opened between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario, Canada in 1891.
47. The nation's first regularly scheduled air passage service began operation between Grand Rapids and Detroit in 1926.
48. In 1879 Detroit telephone customers were first in the nation to be assigned phone numbers to facilitate handling calls.
49. In 1929, the Michigan State Police established the first state police radio system in the world.
50. Grand Rapids is home to the 24-foot Leonardo da Vinci horse, called Il Gavallo, it is the largest equestrian bronze sculpture in the Western Hemisphere.

I'm adding one more.

There are 79 State Parks in Michigan. More information is at:



Did you know??
Minnesota Facts and Trivia Found at: http://www.50states.com/facts/minnesota.htm#.VYrk3VIXfW4

1. Minnesotan baseball commentator Halsey Hal was the first to say 'Holy Cow' during a baseball broadcast.
2. The Mall of America in Bloomington is the size of 78 football fields --- 9.5 million square feet.
3. Minnesota Inventions: Masking and Scotch tape, Wheaties cereal, Bisquick, HMOs, the bundt pan, Aveda beauty products, and Green Giant vegetables
4. The St. Lawrence Seaway opened in 1959 allowing oceangoing ships to reach Duluth.
5. Minneapolis is home to the oldest continuously running theater (Old Log Theater) and the largest dinner theater (Chanhassan Dinner Theater) in the country.
6. The original name of the settlement that became St. Paul was Pig's Eye. Named for the French-Canadian whiskey trader, Pierre "Pig's Eye" Parrant, who had led squatters to the settlement.
7. The world's largest pelican stands at the base of the Mill Pond dam on the Pelican River, right in downtown Pelican Rapids. The 15 1/2 feet tall concrete statue was built in 1957.
8. The Minneapolis Sculpture Garden is the largest urban sculpture garden in the country.
9. The Guthrie Theater is the largest regional playhouse in the country.
10. Minneapolis' famed skyway system connecting 52 blocks (nearly five miles) of downtown makes it possible to live, eat, work and shop without going outside.
11. Minneapolis has more golfers per capita than any other city in the country.
12. The climate-controlled Metrodome is the only facility in the country to host a Super Bowl, a World Series and a NCAA Final Four Basketball Championship.
13. Minnesota has 90,000 miles of shoreline, more than California, Florida and Hawaii combined.
14. The nation's first Better Business Bureau was founded in Minneapolis in 1912.
15. The first open heart surgery and the first bone marrow transplant in the United States were done at the University of Minnesota.
16. Bloomington and Minneapolis are the two farthest north latitude cities to ever host a World Series game.
17. Madison is the "Lutefisk capital of the United States".
18. Rochester is home of the world famous Mayo Clinic. The clinic is a major teaching and working facility. It is known world wide for its doctor's expertise and the newest methods of treatments.
19. The Bergquist cabin, built in 1870 by John Bergquist, a Swedish immigrant, is the oldest house in Moorhead still on its original site.
20. For many years, the world's largest twine ball has sat in Darwin. It weighs 17,400 pounds, is twelve feet in diameter, and was the creation of Francis A. Johnson.
21. The stapler was invented in Spring Valley.
22. In 1956, Southdale, in the Minneapolis suburb of Edina, was the first enclosed climate-controlled suburban Shop50states.
23. Private Milburn Henke of Hutchinson was the first enlisted man to land with the first American Expeditionary Force in Europe in WWII on January 26, 1942.
24. The first practical water skis were invented in 1922 by Ralph W. Samuelson, who steam-bent 2 eight-foot-long pine boards into skies. He took his first ride behind a motorboat on a lake in Lake City.
25. In Olivia a single half-husked cob towers over a roadside gazebo. It is 25 feet tall, made of fiberglass, and has been up since 1973.
26. The first Children's department in a Library is said to be that of the Minneapolis Public Library, which separated children's books from the rest of the collection in Dec. 1889.
27. The first Automatic Pop-up toaster was marketed in June 1926 by McGraw Electric Co. in Minneapolis under the name Toastmaster. The retail price was $13.50.
28. On September 2, 1952, a 5 year old girl was the first patient to under go a heart operation in which the deep freezing technique was employed. Her body temperature, except for her head, was reduced to 79 degrees Fahrenheit. Dr. Floyd Lewis at the Medical School of the University of Minnesota performed the operation.
29. The first Aerial Ferry was put into Operation on April 9, 1905, over the ship canal between Duluth to Minnesota Point. It had room enough to accommodate 6 automobiles. Round trip took 10 min.
30. Rollerblades were the first commercially successful in-line Roller Skates. Minnesota students Scott and Brennan Olson invented them in 1980, when they were looking for a way to practice Hockey during the off-season. Their design was an ice hockey boot with 3 inline wheels instead of a blade.
31. The first Intercollegiate Basketball game was played in Minnesota on February 9,1895.
32. In 1919 a Minneapolis factory turned out the nations first armored cars.
33. Tonka Trucks were developed and are continued to be manufactured in Minnetonka.
34. Hormel Company of Austin marketed the first canned ham in 1926. Hormel introduced Spam in 1937.
35. Introduced in August 1963, The Control Data 6600, designed by Control Data Corp. of Chippewa Falls, was the first Super Computer. It was used by the military to simulate nuclear explosions and break Soviet codes. These computers also were used to model complex phenomena such as hurricanes and galaxies.
36. Candy maker Frank C. Mars of Minnesota introduced the Milky Way candy bar in 1923. Mars marketed the Snickers bar in 1930 and introduced the 5 cent Three Musketeers bar in 1937. The original 3 Musketeers bar contained 3 bars in one wrapper. Each with different flavor nougat.
37. A Jehovah's Witness was the first patient to receive a transfusion of artificial blood in 1979 at the University of Minnesota Hospital. He had refused a transfusion of real blood because of his religious beliefs.
38. Minnesota has one recreational boat per every six people, more than any other state.
39. There are 201 Mud Lakes, 154 Long Lakes, and 123 Rice Lakes commonly named in Minnesota.
40. The Hull-Rust mine in Hibbing became the largest open-pit mine in the world.
41. Minnesota's waters flow outward in three directions: north to Hudson Bay in Canada, east to the Atlantic Ocean, and south to the Gulf of Mexico.
42. At the confluence of the Big Fork and Rainy Rivers on the Canadian border near International Falls stands the largest Indian burial mound in the upper midwest. It is known as the Grand Mound historic site.
43. Author Laura Ingalls Wilder lived on Plum Creek near Walnut Grove.
44. Akeley is birthplace and home of world's largest Paul Bunyan Statue. The kneeling Paul Bunyan is 20 feet tall. He might be the claimed 33 feet tall, if he were standing.
45. Hibbing is the birthplace of the American bus industry. It sprang from the business acumen of Carl Wickman and Andrew "Bus Andy" Anderson - who opened the first bus line (with one bus) between the towns of Hibbing and Alice in 1914. The bus line grew to become Greyhound Lines, Inc.
46. The first official hit in the Metrodome in Minneapolis was made by Pete Rose playing for the Cincinnati Reds in a preseason game.
47. Polaris Industries of Roseau invented the snowmobile.
48. Twin Cities-based Northwest Airlines was the first major airline to ban smoking on international flights.
49. Alexander Anderson of Red Wing discovered the processes to puff wheat and rice giving us the indispensable rice cakes.
50. In 1898, the Kensington Rune stone was found on the farm of Olaf Ohman, near Alexandria. The Kensington Rune stone carvings allegedly tell of a journey of a band of Vikings in 1362.


I'm adding one more.

Did you know there are 67 State Parks in Minnesota??

They are listed at: http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/state_parks/list_alpha.html

More information is at: http://www.stateparks.com/minnesota_parks_and_recreation_destinations.html

Itasca State Park is the nearest one to us. Snowmom


Mississippi Facts and Trivia Found at: http://www.50states.com/facts/mississippi.htm#.VYrlBFIXfW4


1. In 1963 the University of Mississippi Medical Center accomplished the world's first human lung transplant and, on January 23, 1964, Dr. James D. Hardy performed the world's first heart transplant surgery.
2. Borden's Condensed Milk was first canned in Liberty.
3. In 1902 while on a hunting expedition in Sharkey County, President Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt refused to shoot a captured bear. This act resulted in the creation of the world-famous teddy bear.
4. The world's largest shrimp is on display at the Old Spanish Fort Museum in Pascagoula.
5. The first bottle of Dr. Tichener's Antiseptic was produced in Liberty.
6. The world's largest cactus plantation is in Edwards.
7. Elvis Presley was born in Tupelo, on January 8, 1935.
8. H.T. Merrill from Luka performed the world's first round trip trans-oceanic flight in 1928.
9. In 1884 the concept of selling shoes in boxes in pairs (right foot and left foot) occurred in Vicksburg at Phil Gilbert's Shoe Parlor on Washington Street.
10. The first female rural mail carrier in the United States was Mrs. Mamie Thomas. She delivered mail by buggy to the area southeast of Vicksburg in 1914.
11. Historic Jefferson College, circa 1802, was the first preparatory school established in the Mississippi Territory. Located in Washington the educational institution is also the site where tradition holds Aaron Burr was arraigned for treason in 1807, beneath what became known as Burr Oaks.
12. William Grant Still of Woodville composed the Afro-American Symphony.
13. Burnita Shelton Mathews of Hazelhurst was the first woman federal judge in the United States and served in Washington, the District of Columbia.
14. Dr. Emmette F. Izard of Hazelhurst developed the first fibers of rayon. They became known as the first real synthetics.
15. The first nuclear submarine built in the south was produced in Mississippi.
16. In 1871 Liberty became the first town in the United States to erect a Confederate monument.
17. Mississippi was the first state in the nation to have a planned system of junior colleges.
18. Leontyne Price of Laurel performed with the New York Metropolitan Opera.
19. Mississippi is the birthplace of the Order of the Eastern Star.
20. The rarest of North American cranes lives in Mississippi in the grassy savannas of Jackson County. The Mississippi Sandhill Crane stands about 44 inches tall and has an eight-foot wingspan.
21. Guy Bush of Tupelo was one of the most valuable players with the Chicago Cubs. He was on the 1929 World Series team and Babe Ruth hit his last home run off a ball pitched by Bush.
22. S.B. Sam Vick of Oakland played for the New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox. He was the only man ever to pinch hit for the baseball great Babe Ruth.
23. Blazon-Flexible Flyer, Inc. in West Point is proclaimed to make the very best snow sled in the United States, which became an American tradition. It is called The Flexible Flyer.
24. Friendship Cemetery in Columbus has been called Where Flowers Healed a Nation. It was April 25, 1866, and the Civil War had been over for a year when the ladies of Columbus decided to decorate both Confederate and Union soldiers' graves with beautiful bouquets and garlands of flowers. As a direct result of this kind gesture, Americans celebrate what has come to be called Memorial Day each year, an annual observance of recognition of war dead.
25. The largest Bible-binding plant in the nation is Norris Bookbinding Company in Greenwood.
26. After the Civil War, famed hat maker John B. Stetson learned and practiced his trade at Dunn's Falls near Meridian.
27. In 1834 Captain Isaac Ross, whose plantation was in Lorman, freed his slaves and arranged for them to be sent to Africa, where they founded the country of Liberia. Recently, representatives of Liberia visited Lorman and placed a stone at the Captain's gravesite in honor of his kindness.
28. The world's largest cottonwood tree plantation is in Issaquena County.
29. David Harrison of Columbus owns the patent on the Soft Toilet Seat. Over 1,000,000 are sold every year.
30. The first football player on a Wheaties box was Walter Payton of Columbia.
31. Greenwood is the home of Cotton Row, which is the second largest cotton exchange in the nation and is on the National Register of Historic Places.
32. The oldest game in America is stickball. The Choctaw Indians of Mississippi played the game. Demonstrations can be seen every July at the Choctaw Indian Fair in Philadelphia.
33. The International Checkers Hall of Fame is in Petal.
34. Natchez was settled by the French in 1716 and is the oldest permanent settlement on the Mississippi River. Natchez once had 500 millionaires, more than any other city except New York City.
35. Natchez now has more than 500 buildings that are on the National Register of Historic Places.
36. The Natchez Trace Parkway, named an All American Road by the federal government, extends from Natchez to just south of Nashville, Tennessee. The Trace began as an Indian trail more than 8,000 years ago.
37. The Vicksburg National Cemetery is the second largest national cemetery in the country. Arlington National Cemetery is the largest.
38. D'Lo was featured in "Life Magazine" for sending proportionally more men to serve in World War II than any other town of its size. 38 percent of the men who lived in D'Lo served.
39. Mississippi suffered the largest percentage of people who died in the Civil War of any Confederate State. 78,000 Mississippians entered the Confederate military. By the end of the war 59,000 were either dead or wounded.
40. Pine Sol was invented in 1929 by Jackson native Harry A. Cole, Sr.
41. The world's largest pecan nursery is in Lumberton.
42. Greenwood is called the Cotton Capital of the World.
43. Belzoni is called the Catfish Capital of the World.
44. Vardaman is called the Sweet Potato Capital of the World.
45. Greenville is called the Towboat Capital of the World.
46. Root beer was invented in Biloxi in 1898 by Edward Adolf Barq, Sr.
47. Of Mississippi's 82 counties, Yazoo County is the largest and Alcorn County is the smallest.
48. The Mississippi River is the largest in the United States and is the nation's chief waterway. Its nickname is Old Man River.
49. At Vicksburg, the United States Army Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Station is the world's largest hydraulic research laboratory.
50. At Pascagoula the Ingalls Division of Litton Industries uses leading-edge construction techniques to build the United State Navy's most sophisticated ships. At the state's eight research centers programs are under way in acoustics, polymer science, electricity, microelectronics, hydrodynamics, and oceanography.
I'm adding one more.

There are 22 State Parks in Mississippi You can find more information at:



I hope you all have a great 4th of July and were careful if you have fireworks. They can be fun, but, they can also be dangerous.


There are not many holidays in these next 3 months.

Please be careful as school starts in August or September in your area. The small children don't think about the cars, they are thinking about getting to and from home and school. It is up to us adults to watch for the children and the buses.



SWIMMING%201_zpstdmy1jbu.gif WATER%20SKIING%201_zpshjnzzzrt.gif FISHING%201_zps5obyrydo.jpg


For reading this News Letter.

Now to get ready for the county fair, I have a LOT to do.


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4. Humor Me: http://www.amazon.co...11390551&sr=8-2

Posted 22 July 2011 - 10:29 PM
I recently came across 2 more bits of info on vacuum sealing jars.

#1 If you have one of those canistertype vacumm seal containers....you can vacuum seal any store bought jar that has the built in sealing lid inside the lid. For example a pickle jar...

Just fill the jar with dried food and put lid on..then place it into the larger canisterand vacuum seal the canister.

When the canister has sealed, release the pressure on it and the jar inside will have a good sel also. This is great as it frees up Mason jars for canning!!!

#2 My second discovery was finding this tool to remove lids from canning jars.. I am sure it will come in handy as some lids are very hard to remove. Amazon sells it as well as Miles Kimball

Posted 22 July 2011 - 10:29 PM
I recently came across 2 more bits of info on vacuum sealing jars.

#1 If you have one of those canistertype vacumm seal containers....you can vacuum seal any store bought jar that has the built in sealing lid inside the lid. For example a pickle jar...

Just fill the jar with dried food and put lid on..then place it into the larger canisterand vacuum seal the canister.

When the canister has sealed, release the pressure on it and the jar inside will have a good sel also. This is great as it frees up Mason jars for canning!!!

#2 My second discovery was finding this tool to remove lids from canning jars.. I am sure it will come in handy as some lids are very hard to remove. Amazon sells it as well as Miles Kimball



7. Nature's Bounty: http://www.scienceal...out-electricity

She also posted:

Posted 25 October 2015 - 09:10 AM

oops, from Science Alert site, sorry. My bad..

It looks pretty easy to build from the description.

Article :

This clever new refrigerator keeps food cold without electricity

Good job, science!
24 OCT 2015

It’s easy to take that hulking great white beast of a machine in our kitchens for granted, but for the 1.3 billion people in the world who are living without electricity, a working refrigerator is not an option. So a team of students in Canada has invented a cooling device that not only works without any electricity whatsoever, it’s also cheap and portable, making it ideal for those in remote and rural areas who struggle to keep their produce fresh.

"We thought it would be good to decrease the amount of food waste in the world, and we came up with this design because it's easy to build and the materials are relatively cheap," one of the students, Michelle Zhou from the University of Calgary, told CBC News.

Dubbed the WindChill Food Preservation Unit, the device connects an air tube to an evaporation chamber, which connects to a sealed refrigeration chamber that looks a lot like an esky, the contents of which are cooled through the process of evaporative cooling.

It works by passively drawing in warm ambient air through the funnel, which is fed into a pipe that’s been buried underground. This already starts to cool down the air before it's fed into coiled cooper pipe that’s been immersed in water in the evaporation chamber. The evaporation process is helped along by a small, solar-powered fan.

The water evaporating around pipe chills the air inside, and this is then fed back underground before entering the refrigeration chamber.

The invention won first place in the student category of the 2015 Biomimicry Global Design Challenge, which asks researchers and students to come up with improvements to the global food system inspired by nature. The University of Calgary team says its invention was inspired by everything from coral and kangaroos to bees and elephants - think siphoning air in via elephant ears and keeping things cool underground like termite tunnels.

The next step will be to improve the design to achieve a consistent 4.5 degrees Celsius temperature in the refrigeration chamber, which is what’s needed to keep food from spoiling.

"Anywhere from a quarter to half of the world's food goes to waste every year, and in rural populations - about 70 percent of the people in rural Africa don't have access to electricity," team member Jorge Zapote told CBC News. "So this at the moment uses a tiny bit of electricity from a solar panel, but the end design is to use zero electricity. So this could really help people in those areas."
Arby was so much easier to remember.  :;


10. Country Homesteading http://www.appliance...nby-dtt420.html


11. Pinching Pennies: PENNIES1.jpg



Have you tried to find replacement parts lately? by: Momo

Posted 23 October 2015 - 11:28 AM

Yesterday was the third time in a few days that I failed in my attempt to buy a replacement part for a fairly new item. I went to the original store where I bought a light fixture about 2 years ago. They stock no parts. This is a big box home improvement store. DH pressed the call for help button which I told him would be a waste of time..which it was. The elderly gentleman (older than DH who is 78) came over and had no idea about lighting. At least he did walk over, unlike the other 12 employess wandering around aimlessly with nothing to do. The store was nearly empty of customers on a Thursday morning. How do these stores make any money with few customers and so much idle help? Of course the scooter also died on me and it was the only one working. The other two scooters had big out of order signs on them. DH had to go out to the car and get my wheelchair to get me out of there. Of course he was limping badly by the time we got in the car, since he has severe nerve damage and bad circulation in his legs. (PAD plus a failed graft))

When I got home I called the manufacturer who is checking to see if they can get me replacement sconces. I will not be holding my breath waiting for a return call! LOL.

Don't even get me started about my 4 phone calls to Blue Cross to request a claim form. I first called in July...and still no form.


12. The Homeschooling Haven: homeschool8.jpg




13. DIY tools10.jpg



advice for a few years from now by: out_of_the_ordinary

Posted 01 March 2015 - 11:01 AM

We will be homeschooling DD when it's time. I was just wondering if anyone has suggestions of things to be buying now for later (she's 14 months old, so we have some time). I know the obvious stuff, like stocking up during the back to school sales on paper, folders, pencils, ect. And I've been slowly trying to build the home library kids section and reference section. The budget is tight, but little by little. Just was wondering if there was anything else....I'm guessing that whatever program we'd use, it would be better to wait a few years. Any advice is appreciated!


14. Holiday and Gift Central: gifts4.jpg




Posted 29 November 2003 - 06:30 PM
Lighting is a critical part of decorating your tree. To get a designer effect you need to add many more lights than average. You will get big results for the dollars you invest. I recall a time when I tossed 2-3 light strings loosely around the tree and thought I was doing pretty good .....well after seeing the differences of professional lighting, I'll never go back.

Here's how to create the great look you
see in commercial sights and magazines:

You will need 1 string of 100 lights per foot of tree, i.e.: a 6' tree needs 6 strings of 100 lights-600 lights all together! This is a fairly reasonable investment at $3-5 per strand (watch for periodic sales throughout Christmas- at any given time someone usually has them on special.). With proper care and storage they can be used for 3-4 years.

If your tree is over 5' tall it is a good idea to get a tree cord. These handy items are now sold at most drug and discount retailers. They are green and have sets of plug ins along the cord. Why do you need so many plugs when mini lights draw so little power? Don't miss reading this next part.....(it will save endless frustration) You can never, never ( I mean it!) plug in more than 3 strings of 100 lights together. While they do not draw that much power there are tiny fuses in the plug of each string that will immediately burn out if any more power than that goes through them. You will have lights that burn with very little maintenance if you follow this rule. Your lights will also work better if you start of by buying them bundled in small boxes rather than on plastic racks. When removed from the rack, lights often get wires broken or bulbs pulled just loose enough that half the string will not work. If this is all that is available plug them in while you are removing them from the rack so that as soon as there is a problem you will find it.

Now that you have your materials here are some tips for getting the job done. This is going to take some time so put on some nice holidays music, get a cup of hot cider or cocoa and some comfy clothes. Long sleeves are a good choice to keep from getting poked by the tree as much....and if your tree is flocked-don't wear a sweater....trust me.

I feel it is simplest to start at the tip and work your way down. Keep in mind that you always want to end with the pronged plug going down the tree toward your power source. Plug all your power together and make sure your lights are burning while you are putting them on. This assures an even coverage and also will alert you the moment that a bulb is knocked loose...half or all of the string will usually go out. Some strings will go half out during the process, if they do not respond right away or go out again after being fixed, it is usually best to remove them and return them to the store for a replacement....you might be able to make them work for the moment but, undoubtedly, they will give you trouble along the way and aren't the holidays already stressful enough?

To begin drop the plug down into the top of the tree so it will be hidden and then begin to wrap the branches in a spread out manor. To tightly wrap them you will need even more lights. If you are wrapping an artificial tree you need to wrap each branch or it will look patchy. While your at it, you might as well light it in sections so that after the season is over you can put each section in a plastic bag and you won't be relighting the same tree each year. They should be good for 3-4 years. After that the bulbs will probably be getting fairly thin...

If you will be using a very dense fresh tree you would wrap every other branch. For sparser Nobles, you will probably need every branch wrapped. To gauge how you are doing when you are just about 2/3 down the tree, you should have a little more than half of your lights left to go (this is because the bottom branches really take a lot more than the top portion of the tree.

The key to good tree lighting is that the cords of the lights hug the tree branches and are not immediately noticeable. Come out to the end of the branch and then wrap 2-3 times on the way back to hold the first bit of cord fast to the branch. When you get in towards the trunk where it isn't very noticeable, go across to another branch. Putting lights back into the inside of the tree gives it a lot of depth and creates a beautiful display.

Julie Ann Bennet


DID YOU KNOW???? This is about

Mississippi Facts and Trivia

1. In 1963 the University of Mississippi Medical Center accomplished the world's first human lung transplant and, on January 23, 1964, Dr. James D. Hardy performed the world's first heart transplant surgery.

2. Borden's Condensed Milk was first canned in Liberty.

3. In 1902 while on a hunting expedition in Sharkey County, President Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt refused to shoot a captured bear. This act resulted in the creation of the world-famous teddy bear.

4. The world's largest shrimp is on display at the Old Spanish Fort Museum in Pascagoula.

5. The first bottle of Dr. Tichener's Antiseptic was produced in Liberty.

6. The world's largest cactus plantation is in Edwards.

7. Elvis Presley was born in Tupelo, on January 8, 1935.

8. H.T. Merrill from Luka performed the world's first round trip trans-oceanic flight in 1928.

9. In 1884 the concept of selling shoes in boxes in pairs (right foot and left foot) occurred in Vicksburg at Phil Gilbert's Shoe Parlor on Washington Street.

10. The first female rural mail carrier in the United States was Mrs. Mamie Thomas. She delivered mail by buggy to the area southeast of Vicksburg in 1914.

11. Historic Jefferson College, circa 1802, was the first preparatory school established in the Mississippi Territory. Located in Washington the educational institution is also the site where tradition holds Aaron Burr was arraigned for treason in 1807, beneath what became known as Burr Oaks.

12. William Grant Still of Woodville composed the Afro-American Symphony.

13. Burnita Shelton Mathews of Hazelhurst was the first woman federal judge in the United States and served in Washington, the District of Columbia.

14. Dr. Emmette F. Izard of Hazelhurst developed the first fibers of rayon. They became known as the first real synthetics.

15. The first nuclear submarine built in the south was produced in Mississippi.

16. In 1871 Liberty became the first town in the United States to erect a Confederate monument.

17. Mississippi was the first state in the nation to have a planned system of junior colleges.

18. Leontyne Price of Laurel performed with the New York Metropolitan Opera.

19. Mississippi is the birthplace of the Order of the Eastern Star.

20. The rarest of North American cranes lives in Mississippi in the grassy savannas of Jackson County. The Mississippi Sandhill Crane stands about 44 inches tall and has an eight-foot wingspan.

21. Guy Bush of Tupelo was one of the most valuable players with the Chicago Cubs. He was on the 1929 World Series team and Babe Ruth hit his last home run off a ball pitched by Bush.

22. S.B. Sam Vick of Oakland played for the New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox. He was the only man ever to pinch hit for the baseball great Babe Ruth.

23. Blazon-Flexible Flyer, Inc. in West Point is proclaimed to make the very best snow sled in the United States, which became an American tradition. It is called The Flexible Flyer.

24. Friendship Cemetery in Columbus has been called Where Flowers Healed a Nation. It was April 25, 1866, and the Civil War had been over for a year when the ladies of Columbus decided to decorate both Confederate and Union soldiers' graves with beautiful bouquets and garlands of flowers. As a direct result of this kind gesture, Americans celebrate what has come to be called Memorial Day each year, an annual observance of recognition of war dead.

25. The largest Bible-binding plant in the nation is Norris Bookbinding Company in Greenwood.

26. After the Civil War, famed hat maker John B. Stetson learned and practiced his trade at Dunn's Falls near Meridian.

27. In 1834 Captain Isaac Ross, whose plantation was in Lorman, freed his slaves and arranged for them to be sent to Africa, where they founded the country of Liberia. Recently, representatives of Liberia visited Lorman and placed a stone at the Captain's gravesite in honor of his kindness.

28. The world's largest cottonwood tree plantation is in Issaquena County.

29. David Harrison of Columbus owns the patent on the Soft Toilet Seat. Over 1,000,000 are sold every year.

30. The first football player on a Wheaties box was Walter Payton of Columbia.

31. Greenwood is the home of Cotton Row, which is the second largest cotton exchange in the nation and is on the National Register of Historic Places.

32. The oldest game in America is stickball. The Choctaw Indians of Mississippi played the game. Demonstrations can be seen every July at the Choctaw Indian Fair in Philadelphia.

33. The International Checkers Hall of Fame is in Petal.

34. Natchez was settled by the French in 1716 and is the oldest permanent settlement on the Mississippi River. Natchez once had 500 millionaires, more than any other city except New York City.

35. Natchez now has more than 500 buildings that are on the National Register of Historic Places.

36. The Natchez Trace Parkway, named an All American Road by the federal government, extends from Natchez to just south of Nashville, Tennessee. The Trace began as an Indian trail more than 8,000 years ago.

37. The Vicksburg National Cemetery is the second largest national cemetery in the country. Arlington National Cemetery is the largest.

38. D'Lo was featured in "Life Magazine" for sending proportionally more men to serve in World War II than any other town of its size. 38 percent of the men who lived in D'Lo served.

39. Mississippi suffered the largest percentage of people who died in the Civil War of any Confederate State. 78,000 Mississippians entered the Confederate military. By the end of the war 59,000 were either dead or wounded.

40. Pine Sol was invented in 1929 by Jackson native Harry A. Cole, Sr.

41. The world's largest pecan nursery is in Lumberton.

42. Greenwood is called the Cotton Capital of the World.

43. Belzoni is called the Catfish Capital of the World.

44. Vardaman is called the Sweet Potato Capital of the World.

45. Greenville is called the Towboat Capital of the World.

46. Root beer was invented in Biloxi in 1898 by Edward Adolf Barq, Sr.

47. Of Mississippi's 82 counties, Yazoo County is the largest and Alcorn County is the smallest.

48. The Mississippi River is the largest in the United States and is the nation's chief waterway. Its nickname is Old Man River.

49. At Vicksburg, the United States Army Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Station is the world's largest hydraulic research laboratory.

50. At Pascagoula the Ingalls Division of Litton Industries uses leading-edge construction techniques to build the United State Navy's most sophisticated ships. At the state's eight research centers programs are under way in acoustics, polymer science, electricity, microelectronics, hydrodynamics, and oceanography.

Thanks to: Ron Collins, Greg Maxedon, Source: 'Mississippi', published by the office of the Secretary of State


This is about Missouri
Missouri Facts and Trivia

1. Missouri is known as the "Show Me State".

2. The 'Show Me State' expression may have began in 1899 when Congressman Willard Duncan Vandiver stated, "I'm from Missouri and you've got to show me."
3. The first successful parachute jump to be made from a moving airplane was made by Captain Berry at St. Louis, in 1912.
4. The most destructive tornado on record occurred in Annapolis. In 3 hours, it tore through the town on March 18, 1925 leaving a 980-foot wide trail of demolished buildings, uprooted trees, and overturned cars. It left 823 people dead and almost 3,000 injured.
5. At the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904, Richard Blechyden, served tea with ice and invented iced tea.
6. Also, at the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904, the ice cream cone was invented. An ice cream vendor ran out of cups and asked a waffle vendor to help by rolling up waffles to hold ice cream.
7. Missouri ties with Tennessee as the most neighborly state in the union, bordered by 8 states.
8. The state animal is the Mule.
9. St. Louis; is also called, "The Gateway to the West" and "Home of the Blues".
10. Warsaw holds the state record for the low temperature of -40 degrees on February 13, 1905.
11. Warsaw holds the state record for the high temperature recorded, 118 degrees on July 14, 1954.
12. State bird--native Bluebird March 30, 1927
13. State insect--honey bee July 3, 1985
14. Mozarkite was adopted as the official state rock on July 21, 1967, by the 74th General Assembly.
15. On July 21, 1967, the mineral galena was adopted as the official mineral of Missouri.
16. The crinoid became the state's official fossil on June 16, 1989, after a group of Lee's Summit school students worked through the legislative process to promote it as a state symbol.
17. On June 20, 1955, the flowering dogwood (Cornus Florida L.) became Missouri's official tree.
18. The "Missouri Waltz" became the state song under an act adopted by the General Assembly on June 30, 1949
19. The present Capitol completed in 1917 and occupied the following year is the third Capitol in Jefferson City and the sixth in Missouri history. The first seat of state government was housed in the Mansion House, Third and Vine Streets, St. Louis; the second was in the Missouri Hotel, Maine and Morgan Streets, also in St. Louis. St. Charles was designated as temporary capital of the state in 1821 and remained the seat of government until 1826 when Jefferson City became the permanent capital city.
20. The first Capitol in Jefferson City burned in 1837 and a second structure completed in 1840 burned when the dome was struck by lightning on February 5, 1911.
21. Kansas City has more miles of boulevards than Paris and more fountains than any city except Rome.
22. Kansas City has more miles of freeway per capita than any metro area with more than 1 million residents.
23. Jefferson National Expansion Memorial consists of the Gateway Arch, the Museum of Westward Expansion, and St. Louis' Old Courthouse. During a nationwide competition in 1947-48, architect Eero Saarinen's inspired design for a 630-foot stainless steel arch was chosen as a perfect monument to the spirit of the western pioneers. Construction of the Arch began in 1963 and was completed on October 28, 1965.The Arch has foundations sunken 60 feet into the ground, and is built to withstand earthquakes and high winds. It sways up to one inch in a 20 mph wind, and is built to sway up to 18 inches.
24. Saint Louis University received a formal charter from the state of Missouri in 1832, making it the oldest University west of the Mississippi.
25. In 1889, Aunt Jemima pancake flour, invented at St. Joseph, Missouri, was the first self-rising flour for pancakes and the first ready-mix food ever to be introduced commercially.
26. The tallest man in documented medical history was Robert Pershing Wadlow from St. Louis. He was 8 feet, 11.1 inches tall
27. Creve Coeur's name means broken heart in French, comes from nearby Creve Coeur Lake. Legend has it that an Indian princess fell in love with a French fur trapper, but the love was not returned. According to the story, she then leapt from a ledge overlooking Creve Coeur Lake; the lake then formed itself into a broken heart.
28. The most powerful earthquake to strike the United States occurred in 1811, centered in New Madrid, Missouri. The quake shook more than one million square miles, and was felt as far as 1,000 miles away.
29. Anheuser-Busch brewery in St. Louis, Missouri is the largest beer producing plant in the nation.
30. During Abraham Lincoln's campaign for the presidency, a dyed-in-the-wool Democrat named Valentine Tapley from Pike County, Missouri, swore that he would never shave again if Abe were elected. Tapley kept his word and his chin whiskers went unshorn from November 1860 until he died in 1910, attaining a length of twelve feet six inches.
31. President Harry S. Truman was born in Lamar, May 8, 1884.
32. The first train of the Atlantic-Pacific Railway, which became the St.Louis-San Francisco Railway, or "Frisco," arrived in 1870.
33. Callaway County was organized on November 25, 1820 and named for Captain James Callaway who was killed in a fight with Indians near Loutre Creek.
34. Missouri was named after a tribe called Missouri Indians; meaning "town of the large canoes"
35. Situated within a day's drive of 50% of the U.S. population, Branson and the Tri-Lakes area serves up to 65,000 visitors daily. Branson has been a "rubber tire" destination with the vast majority of tourists arriving by vehicles, RVs and tour buses. Branson has also become one of America's top motor coach vacation destinations with an estimated 4,000 buses arriving each year.
36. Charleston holds the Dogwood-Azalea Festival annually on the 3rd weekend of April. "Charleston becomes a blooming wonderland."
37. Jefferson City, Missouri, the state's capital, was named for Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States.
38. Missouri's oldest community, Saint Genevieve, was founded as early as 1735.
39. In 1812 Missouri was organized as a territory and later admitted the 24th state of the Union on August 10, 1821.
40. In 1865 Missouri became the first slave state to free its slaves.
41. Hermann, Missouri is a storybook German village with a rich wine-making and riverboat history that is proudly displayed in area museums. Built in 1836 as the "New Fatherland" for German settlers, the town has achieved national recognition because of its quality wines and distinctive heritage.
42. Auguste Chouteau founded Saint Louis in 1764.
43. Laura Elizabeth Ingalls, writer of Little House on the Prairie grew up in Missouri.
44. "Madonna of the Trail" monument in Lexington tells the story of the brave women who helped conquer the west and is one of 12 placed in every state crossed by the National Old Trails Road, the route of early settlers from Maryland to California.
45. Soybeans bring in the most cash for Missourians as a crop.
46. Missouri Day is the third Wednesday in October.
47. On Sucker Day in Nixa, Missouri, school closes officially and the little town swells to a throng of 15,000 hungry folks. All craving a taste of the much maligned but delicious bottom dweller fish loathed by almost everyone else.
48. Point of highest elevation: Taum Sauk Mountain, 540 meters (1,772 feet)
49. State folk dance: square dance
50. State musical instrument: fiddle

Thanks to: Charles Andrew Humfeld, Gene Kerr, PMary25491, Scott Peterson, Seatac57

Montana Facts and Trivia

1. Montana has the largest migratory elk herd in the nation.
2. The state boasts the largest breeding population of trumpeter swans in the lower United States.
3. At the Rocky Mountain Front Eagle Migration Area west of Great Falls more golden eagles have been seen in a single day than anywhere else in the country.
4. North of Missoula is the largest population of nesting common loons in the western United States.
5. The average square mile of land contains 1.4 elk, 1.4 pronghorn antelope, and 3.3 deer.
6. The Freezeout Lake Wildlife Management Area contains as many as 300,000 snow geese and 10,000 tundra swans during migration.
7. At Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge it is possible to see up to 1,700 nesting pelicans.
8. The Montana Yogo Sapphire is the only North American gem to be included in the Crown Jewels of England.
9. In 1888 Helena had more millionaires per capita than any other city in the world.
10. 46 out of Montana's 56 counties are considered "frontier counties" with an average population of 6 or fewer people per square mile.
11. At Egg Mountain near Choteau dinosaur eggs have been discovered supporting the theory some dinosaurs were more like mammals and birds than like reptiles.
12. Montana is the only state with a triple divide allowing water to flow into the Pacific, Atlantic, and Hudson Bay. This phenomenon occurs at Triple Divide Peak in Glacier National Park.
13. The notorious outlaw, Henry Plummer, built the first jail constructed in the state.
14. No state has as many different species of mammals as Montana.
15. The moose, now numbering over 8,000 in Montana, was thought to be extinct in the Rockies south of Canada in the 1900s.
16. Flathead Lake in northwest Montana contains over 200 square miles of water and 185 miles of shoreline. It is considered the largest natural freshwater lake in the west.
17. Miles City is known as the Cowboy Capitol.
18. Yellowstone National Park in southern Montana and northern Wyoming was the first national park in the nation.
19. The town of Ekalaka was named for the daughter of the famous Sioux chief, Sitting Bull.
20. Fife is named after the type of wheat grown in the area or, as some locals contend, by Tommy Simpson for his home in Scotland.
21. Fishtail is named for either a Mr. Fishtail who lived in the area or as the area Indians prefer for some of the peaks in the nearby Beartooth Mountain Range which look like the tail of a fish.
22. The Yaak community is the most northwestern settlement in the state.
23. Montana has the largest grizzly bear population in the lower 48 states.
24. Near the Pines Recreation Area as many as 100 sage grouse perform their extraordinary spring mating rituals.
25. The first luge run in North America was built at Lolo Hot Springs on Lolo Pass in 1965.
26. Combination, Comet, Keystone, Black Pine, and Pony are names of Montana ghost towns.
27. Virginia City was founded in 1863 and is considered to be the most complete original town of its kind in the United States.
28. Montana is nicknamed the Treasure State.
29. The bitterroot is the official state flower.
30. The density of the state is six people per square mile.
31. The highest point in the state is Granite Peak at 12,799 feet.
32. The most visited place in Montana is Glacier National Park, known as the crown jewel of the continent. It lies along Montana's northern border and adjoins Waterton Lakes National Park in Canada, forming the world's first International Peace Park.
33. Buffalo in the wild can still be viewed at the National Bison Range in Moiese, south of Flathead Lake and west of the Mission Mountains.
34. Montana's first territorial capital, Bannack, has been preserved as a ghost town state park along once gold-laden Grasshopper Creek.
35. The Old West comes to life through the brush and sculpture of famed western artist Charlie Russell at the Charles M. Russell Museum Complex in Great Falls. The museum contains the world's largest collection of Russell's work, his original log-cabin studio and his Great Falls home.
36. The Museum of the Rockies in Bozeman gained fame through the work of its chief paleontologist, Jack Horner. Horner was the prototype for the character Dr. Alan Grant in the best selling novel/movie, "Jurassic Park."
37. Montana's rivers and streams provide water for three oceans and three of the North American continent's major river basins.
38. Just south of Billings, Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer and his troops made their last stand. Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument features the Plains Indians and United States military involved in the historic battle.
39. The western meadowlark is the official state bird.
40. The first inhabitants of Montana were the Plains Indians.
41. Montana is home to seven Indian reservations.
42. Every spring nearly 10,000 white pelicans with a wingspan of nine feet migrate from the Gulf of Mexico to Medicine Lake in northeastern Montana.
43. The Going to the Sun Road in Glacier Park is considered one of the most scenic drives in America.
44. The state's official animal is the grizzly bear.
45. The state's motto Oro y Plata means gold and silver.
46. Montana's name comes from the Spanish word mountain.
47. In Montana the elk, deer and antelope populations outnumber the humans.
48. Glacier National Park has 250 lakes within its boundaries.
49. Hill County has the largest county park in the United States. Beaver Creek Park measures 10 miles long and 1 mile wide.
50. Competing with the D River in Lincoln City, Oregon for the title of the world's shortest river, the Roe River flows near Great Falls. Both rivers lengths vary from 58 feet to 200 feet. The source for this small river is Giant Springs, the largest freshwater spring in the United States.

Thanks to: 7mbuell, Joel & Katrina, Travel Montana

Nebraska Facts and Trivia

1. Nebraska was once called "The Great American Desert".
2. In 1927, Edwin E. Perkins of Hastings invented the powered soft drink Kool-Aid.
3. J. Sterling Morton founded Arbor Day in Nebraska City in 1872.
4. The state nickname used to be the "Tree Planter's State", but was changed in 1945 to the "Cornhusker State".
5. State insect is the honeybee.
6. State motto: Equality before the law.
7. The goldenrod was declared the state flower on April 4, 1895.
8. The Naval Ammunition Depot located in Hastings was the largest U.S. ammunition plant providing 40% of WWII's ammunition.
9. The Lied Jungle located in Omaha is the world's largest indoor rain forest.
10. Nebraska is the birthplace of the Reuben sandwich.
11. Spam (canned meat) is produced in Fremont.
12. Nebraska has the U.S.'s largest aquifer (underground lake/water supply), the Ogalala aquifer.
13. Nebraska has more miles of river than any other state.
14. The Union Pacific's Bailey Yards, in North Platte, is the largest rail classification complex in the world.
15. Nebraska is the only state in the union with a unicameral (one house) legislature.
16. Nebraska was the first state to complete its segment of the nations mainline interstate system, a 455 mile stretch of four lane highway.
17. Nebraska is both the nation's largest producer and user of center pivot irrigation.
18. Nebraska's Chimney rock was the most often mentioned landmark in journal entries by travelers on the Oregon Trail.
19. The 911 system of emergency communications, now used nationwide, was developed and first used in Lincoln, Nebraska.
20. Nebraska has more underground water reserves than any other state in the continental U.S.
21. Marlon Brando's mother gave Henry Fonda acting lessons at the Omaha Community Playhouse.
22. Lincoln County is the origin of the world's largest "Wolly Mammoth" elephant fossil.
23. Weeping Water is the nations largest limestone deposit and producer.
24. Mutual of Omaha Corporate headquarters is a public building built with 7 floors underground.
25. The Nebraska Cornhuskers have been to a record 27 consecutive bowl games and 27 consecutive winning seasons
26. The University of Nebraska Cornhusker football team has produced more Academic All-Americans than any other Division I school.
27. In Blue Hill, Nebraska, no female wearing a 'hat that would scare a timid person' can be seen eating onions in public.
28. The world's first college course about radio personality Rush Limbaugh is taught at Bellevue University in Nebraska.
29. Origin of Nebraska's Name: From an Oto Indian word meaning flat water
30. Nebraska's Motto: Equality Before the Law
31. Nebraska's State Gem is the Blue Agate
32. The largest porch swing in the world is located in Hebron, Nebraska and it can sit 25 adults.
33. The world's largest hand-planted forest is Halsey National Forrest near Thedford, Nebraska
34. The world's only museum dedicated to Fur Trading is located at Fort Atkinson near Blair.
35. The famous architect, Edward Durrell Stone, designed the Stuhr Museum near Grand Island, Nebraska.
36. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln weight room is the largest in the country. It covers three-fourths of an acre
37. Chevyland USA near Elm Creek, Nebraska is the only museum dedicated to a single line of cars.
38. The largest Kolache Festival in the world is located in Prague, Nebraska
39. Cozad, Nebraska is located on the 100th Meridian where the humid east meets the arid west.
40. In Nebraska in 1986 for the first time ever two women ran against each other for governorship of a state.
41. The cost of the Nebraska Capitol building was $ 9,800,440.07 in 1932. The construction job came in under budget and the building was paid for by the time it was completed.
42. Union Pacific Railroad's museum is headquartered in Nebraska.
43. Buffalo Bill Cody held his first rodeo in North Platte, Nebraska July 4, 1882.
44. In 1950, Omaha became the home of the College World Series.
45. There are five army forts open to the public in Nebraska: Atkinson, Kearny, Hartsuff, Sidney, and Robinson.
46. Sidney, Nebraska was the starting point of the Black Hills Gold Rush.
47. Antelope and Buffalo are counties in Nebraska named after animals.
48. Dr. Harold Edgerton of Aurora, Nebraska is the inventor of the strobe light.
49. Kearney, Nebraska is located exactly between Boston and San Francisco.
50. Father Edward Flanagan founded Boys Town in Omaha, Nebraska in 1917.

Thanks to: Nancy Schreiner, Diane Robinson, Mike Kuhn, Scott Peterson, Stephanie Hamilton, rbrummers5

Nevada Facts and Trivia

1. In 1899 Charles Fey invented a slot machine named the Liberty Bell. The device became the model for all slots to follow.
2. The Reno Ice Pavilion is a 16,000-square-foot rink once dismantled and moved to Reno from Atlantic City, New Jersey.
3. Bugsy Siegel named his Las Vegas casino "The Flamingo" for the long legs of his showgirl sweetheart, Virginia Hill.
4. The Imperial Palace on the Las Vegas strip is the nation's first off-airport airline baggage check-in service.
5. Bertha was a performing elephant that entertained for 37 years at John Ascuaga's Nugget casino located in Sparks. She was 48 years old when she died.
6. There were 16,067 slots in Nevada in 1960. In 1999 Nevada had 205,726 slot machines, one for every 10 residents.
7. While Samuel Clemens took the penname "Mark Twain" as a reporter working for the "Territorial Enterprise," he began his writing career as a reporter in the Midwest some years before moving to Virginia City in 1862.
8. Pershing County located in Cowboy Country features the only round courthouse in the United States. Update: {the Bucks County Courthouse in Pennsylvania, constructed in 1960, is considered round. Now there are two.}
9. In 1931 the Pair-O-Dice Club was the first casino to open on Highway 91, the future Las Vegas Strip.
10. In March 1931 Governor Fred Balzar signed into law the bill legalizing gambling in the state.
11. Once the highest concrete dam in the world, Hoover Dam offers guided tours and a museum of artifacts of the construction and its workers.
12. In Death Valley, the Kangaroo Rat can live its entire life without drinking a drop of liquid.
13. Construction of the Nevada State Capitol located in Carson City was proposed on April 14, 1870. Carson City is one of the smallest state capitals in the country. Update: {With current growth, may now be 14th smallest.}
14. The ghost town of Rhyolite still pays homage to early pioneers and their dreams. Remains of the depot, glass house, bank and other buildings are on display.
15. In Tonopah the young Jack Dempsey was once the bartender and the bouncer at the still popular Mispah Hotel and Casino. Famous lawman and folk hero Wyatt Earp once kept the peace in the town.
16. The first recorded white men in the Elko area were fur trappers who trapped beaver in the area starting in 1828.
17. The first community college in Nevada opened in Elko in 1967. Great Basin College was the forerunner of a statewide system associated with the University of Nevada.
18. Berlin-Ichthyosaur State Park is constructed around the fossilized remains of ancient, mysterious reptiles within a well-preserved turn-of-the-century Nevada mining camp.
19. The ichthyosaur is Nevada's official state fossil.
20. Austin's oldest church, St. Augustine, requires the establishment's bells in the tower to be rung by pulling a rope located in the men's restroom.
21. Nevada takes its name from a Spanish word meaning snow-clad.
22. Most of the state is desert but the Sierra Nevada mountain range near Reno and the Ruby Mountains near Elko has snow for half the year.
23. Locals use terms like The Sagebrush State, The Silver State, and The Battle Born State as nicknames for Nevada.
24. Nevada is the seventh largest state with 110,540 square miles, 85% of them federally owned including the secret Area 51 near the little town of Rachel.
25. Nevada has more mountain ranges than any other state, with its highest point at the 13,145 foot top of Boundary Peak near the west-central border.
26. Grammatically, the proper term for the mountains is the Sierra Nevada not the Sierras. Robert Conrad almost called one of his television series High Sierra Rangers but changed it to High Mountain Rangers.
27. Wayne Newton owns a home in the Las Vegas area, and it was a real location for the film "Vegas Vacation."
28. The longest running show in Las Vegas is the Follies Bergere at the Tropicana Hotel and Casino. It opened in 1959. The production numbers in "Showgirls" were written specifically for the Paul Verhoeven film and shot in the Horizon Hotel at Lake Tahoe. The bulk of the movie used locations located at the Luxor and the Forum Shops at Caesars.
29. You see the name Hughes on numerous locations and developments. Howard Hughes bought up considerable Nevada property before he died in 1976, including the following hotels and casinos: Castaways, Desert Inn, Frontier, Landmark, Sands, Silver Slipper, and Harold's Club. Part of the Hughes legend was recounted in Jonathan Demme's "Melvin and Howard."
30. Misfits Flats off Highway 50 near Stagecoach takes its name from the John Huston film. Huston used the privately owned area to film a complicated wild horse round up with Clark Gable, Marilyn Monroe, Montgomery Clift and Eli Wallach.
31. Nevada is the largest gold-producing state in the nation. It is second in the world behind South Africa.
32. The state has about 50,000 miles of paved road, much of it featured in films like "Vanishing Point," "Breakdown," "Rainman," and "Lethal Weapon 4."
33. Hoover Dam, the largest single public works project in the history of the United States, contains 3.25 million cubic yards of concrete, which is enough to pave a two-lane highway from San Francisco to New York. The dam face was used in an amazing stunt for Roland Emerich's "Universal Soldier" and has been seen in such films as "Viva Las Vegas" and "Fools Rush In."
34. The Virginia City steam train still operates and was featured in the Imax project "Mark Twain's America." The "steam train" is a modern-day tourist train and does not link back to the original Virginia & Truckee RR which had its last run to Virginia City in 1938.
35. The state's Highway 50, known as the Loneliest Highway in America, received its name from "Life" magazine in 1986. There are few road stops in the 287 mile stretch between Ely and Fernley.
36. Frank Sinatra once owned the Cal-Neva at Lake Tahoe's Crystal Bay. It is possible to stand in both Nevada and California inside Cal-Neva's building.
37. Nevada's smallest incorporated city is Gabbs located about 140 miles southeast of Reno.Update: {Gabbs, what was Nevada's smallest city was disincorporated on May 8, 2001}
38. Nevada tribes include the Shoshone, Washo and Paiute. Tribal lands have been used in such film projects as "Misery," and "The Greatest Story Ever Told."
39. The Las Vegas Strip is actually under jurisdiction of Clark County and can be seen in just about any film set in the city.
40. Nevada is the only state with an entire museum devoted to the life and time of entertainer Liberace.
41. Writer and commentator Lowell Thomas called Elko the last cowtown in America. Elko is the home of the annual Cowboy Poetry Gathering.
42. Area 51 is acknowledged with State Route 375 officially christened "The Extraterrestrial Highway" in a ceremony featuring the director and cast of the movie "Independence Day." The highway runs between Alamo and Tonopah. There is a tiny restaurant stop at the Little Ale' Inn at Rachel.
43. The only Nevada lake with an outlet to the sea is man made Lake Mead.
44. Camels were used as pack animals in Nevada as late as 1870.
45. To drive from Los Angeles, California to Reno, Nevada the direction traveled is to the west.
46. Construction worker Hard Hat's were first invented specifically for workers on the Hoover Dam in 1933.
47. Las Vegas has more hotel rooms than any other place on earth.
48. Las Vegas has the majority of the largest hotels in the world.
49. The longest morse code telegram ever sent was the Nevada state constitution. Sent from Carson City to Washington D.C. in 1864. The transmission must have taken several hours.
50. Virginia City is the home of the Nevada Gambling Museum.

Thanks to: Nevada Film Office - Updates and corrections courtesy of Guy Louis Rocha, Nevada State Archivist


Remember to set your clocks back one hour on the 1st. of November.


I hope you all have a great Fall.




Happy Thanksgiving and Merry Christmas everyone.

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Again I am so FLOWERIMSORRY.gif about this being so late, but, with the computer going down 2 times, and all I just couldn’t get it in sooner.


For reading this News Letter.

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