Jump to content
MrsSurvival Discussion Forums

2020-2021 Corona Virus

Recommended Posts

"Pride goeth before the fall."   IMO

India Covid-19: How Modi could have stopped his country's devastating crisis but didn't - CNN



"(India) has saved the world, entire humanity, from a major tragedy by effectively controlling coronavirus," Modi boasted at the World Economic Forum on January 28.
With many in India feeling the pandemic was over, there was a slower take-up of vaccines there than expected. About 300 million of India's 1.3 billion population are illiterate, meaning they may have had less ability to investigate what was going on for themselves.
"You can't blame people for thinking 'maybe the government knows best, maybe things are back to normal, maybe we should go out and live our normal lives,'" said Pradeep Taneja, an expert on Asian politics at the University of Melbourne and a fellow of the Australia India Institute. 
Link to comment


Jordan detected three cases of the Indian COVID-19 variant in people who had not travelled, the health minister told state-owned Al Mamlaka TV.

"Two cases were recorded in Amman and one in Zarqa in people who did not travel, which confirms that the emergence of mutated cases does not necessarily have to come from outside, but rather as a result of specific reproduction," Minister Firas Al-Hawari told Al Mamlaka TV.

Jordan recorded on Saturday 704 cases of COVID-19 with 35 deaths, bringing the total cases detected in the kigdom to 712,077 with 8,871 deaths, according to the health ministry.


Jordan detects three cases of Indian COVID-19 variant - minister | Reuters

Link to comment

Maybe we don't need so many respirators anymore in the USA? Pallets and pallets and pallets were found at a landfill in Miami-Dade, WPLG TV reports.


"From the packaging, Local 10 News traced the model and the manufacturer: Beijing Aerospace Changfeng Ltd. in Beijing. A posting from a broker shows the device selling at $26,000 during the height of need last spring, as U.S. medical workers scrambled to find ventilators for an exploding number of COVID-19 patients," the station reported.  :0327:


  • Sad 1
Link to comment

When I met DH, he built and raced cars. I remember when the guys used to make repairs (welding) to the race car gas tanks. They would fill them up with fuel and then weld on the outside. They could boil the fuel without very many accidents. :rolleyes:   I think of the gene therapy in the same way. Welding gas tanks aren't the answer, but until a better technique comes along, most cars (and welders) are saved without too many incidents.  :thumbs:

Link to comment

In a situation like this, a substance as common as black pepper could have been the answer, and it would have been pushed in order to save the Pre-Covid economy.   A few people are doing very well out of the Covid economy, but way more are not.  Entire societies are shifting, and establishments crumble when that happens.

Right now we are going to be facing extraordinary inflation, because the government is going to have to literally print money to send it out to people the way it has been doing.  The doctors' retirement funds' dollars will be devaluing like every other dollar out there.

Edited by Ambergris
Link to comment

In the first article about India the writer called their variation a ‘double mutant’. Does anyone what the Indian variant is actually called? Has it been found in the US? 

Link to comment

Countries reporting the most new infections each day, averaged over seven days:
INDIA              385,841

BRAZIL              58,413

USA                   47,167

TURKEY            29,224

ARGENTINA      20,372

Countries reporting the most deaths each day  
INDIA              3,619

BRAZIL            2,316

USA                   694

COLOMBIA        470

ARGENTINA      416


Basically, this means Colombia isn't testing, or isn't reporting results.   


Infection rates are high and increasing in (sorted by region, then by severity) Ireland, Lithuania, Bahrain, India, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Nepal, Honduras, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Seychelles, Angola, Egypt, Réunion,  Cameroon, and New Zealand. 


Where cases increased (or not) in the last week

For the week ending Sunday, May 2, 2021

State Total cases Per 100K New cases Per 100K 1-wk chg.
United States 32,491,117
9,787 347,438 104.7
Michigan 940,175
9,414 28,375 284.1
Puerto Rico 250,430
7,841 7,629 238.9
Colorado 513,765
8,922 11,523 200.1
Minnesota 579,235
10,271 10,992 194.9
Pennsylvania 1,161,184
9,070 22,655 177.0
Rhode Island 148,186
13,988 1,862 175.8
Delaware 104,909
10,774 1,687 173.2
Florida 2,242,778
10,442 34,194 159.2
Maine 61,847
4,601 2,071 154.1
Alaska 68,148
9,316 1,089 148.9
Illinois 1,342,067
10,591 18,721 147.7
West Virginia 153,918
8,589 2,536 141.5
North Dakota 107,708
14,134 1,020 133.8
Oregon 186,344
4,418 5,644 133.8
Connecticut 339,233
9,515 4,467 125.3
Washington 404,709
5,315 9,397 123.4
North Carolina 969,752
9,246 12,820 122.2
Massachusetts 691,172
10,028 8,388 121.7
New York State 2,044,164
10,508 23,412 120.3
Indiana 723,058
10,740 7,862 116.8
New Hampshire 95,377
7,015 1,556 114.4
South Carolina 580,273
11,270 5,288 102.7
Maryland 449,180
7,430 5,737 94.9
Kentucky 445,139
9,964 4,184 93.7
Tennessee 847,430
12,409 6,381 93.4
Ohio 1,075,004
9,197 10,698 91.5
Iowa 395,205
12,526 2,837 89.9
Wisconsin 661,685
11,364 5,159 88.6
Vermont 23,126
3,706 550 88.1
Montana 109,030
10,201 933 87.3
Georgia 1,105,423
10,411 9,067 85.4
Nevada 315,438
10,241 2,598 84.3
Virginia 661,314
7,748 7,104 83.2
Idaho 187,656
10,501 1,473 82.4
Utah 398,012
12,415 2,581 80.5
Texas 2,893,866
9,980 23,173 79.9
Wyoming 58,142
10,046 446 77.1
South Dakota 122,660
13,865 674 76.2
Washington, D.C. 47,855
6,781 532 75.4
New Mexico 197,733
9,430 1,512 72.1
Nebraska 220,127
11,380 1,395 72.1
Arizona 863,927
11,869 5,190 71.3
Louisiana 458,581
9,865 3,040 65.4
Missouri 521,069
8,490 3,779 61.6
Kansas 309,130
10,611 1,758 60.3
Mississippi 311,900
10,480 1,551 52.1
Alabama 528,597
10,781 2,466 50.3
Arkansas 336,105
11,137 1,399 46.4
Hawaii 32,580
2,301 656 46.3
Oklahoma 448,305
11,330 1,755 44.4
California 3,746,006
9,481 13,376 33.9
New Jersey 1,000,010
11,259 2,119 23.9


Where the highest share of the population has been vaccinated

Most recent data as of May 2, 2021

State First dose Fully vaccinated Total doses
United States 44.7% 32.3% 249,566,820
New Hampshire 61.2% 30.3% 1,159,614
Vermont 58.4% 40.2% 599,965
Massachusetts 58.0% 39.0% 6,495,919
Connecticut 56.2% 41.1% 3,361,098
Maine 56.1% 42.0% 1,234,253
Hawaii 54.1% 37.0% 1,264,136
Rhode Island 53.8% 38.9% 951,345
New Jersey 52.8% 38.4% 7,600,716
New Mexico 52.0% 39.3% 1,860,755
Pennsylvania 51.2% 34.1% 10,531,067
California 50.1% 32.4% 31,670,889
Maryland 49.9% 36.1% 5,005,250
Washington, D.C. 49.5% 31.8% 626,082
New York State 48.9% 37.0% 16,353,467
Virginia 48.4% 35.0% 6,947,022
Minnesota 48.2% 36.1% 4,535,336
Washington 48.0% 34.1% 6,099,153
Delaware 47.9% 34.8% 793,383
Illinois 47.6% 31.8% 9,748,918
Colorado 47.6% 34.8% 4,649,806
Wisconsin 46.4% 37.0% 4,786,435
Oregon 46.2% 32.6% 3,207,617
South Dakota 45.2% 38.3% 716,196
Iowa 44.9% 36.1% 2,473,624
Nebraska 43.8% 34.7% 1,470,513
Michigan 43.5% 33.6% 7,373,940
Kansas 43.1% 32.9% 2,070,420
Florida 42.8% 30.5% 15,721,876
Alaska 42.3% 36.2% 564,720
Kentucky 41.6% 32.9% 3,213,684
Arizona 41.5% 30.2% 5,216,530
Montana 41.4% 33.3% 777,944
Ohio 41.1% 33.7% 8,622,766
Utah 40.5% 25.5% 2,225,385
Nevada 40.4% 29.4% 2,122,615
North Carolina 39.9% 30.9% 7,266,480
North Dakota 39.6% 33.4% 569,428
Puerto Rico 39.5% 26.1% 2,006,360
Texas 39.0% 28.4% 19,519,836
Oklahoma 39.0% 30.6% 2,736,824
Missouri 38.3% 28.9% 4,118,674
South Carolina 37.1% 28.5% 3,329,233
Indiana 36.9% 28.3% 4,311,755
Arkansas 36.1% 26.6% 1,845,530
West Virginia 36.0% 31.0% 1,189,041
Georgia 35.6% 26.0% 6,550,721
Tennessee 34.9% 25.8% 4,150,612
Idaho 34.6% 28.2% 1,108,625
Wyoming 34.4% 28.6% 363,149
Alabama 33.0% 24.5% 2,670,926
Louisiana 32.4% 26.9% 2,733,787
Mississippi 31.6% 24.5% 1,625,364



deaths in the last week

For the week ending Sunday, May 2, 2021

State Total deaths Per 100K New deaths Per 100K 1-wk chg.
United States 577,329
174 4,819 1.5
West Virginia 2,686
150 -135 0.0
Nebraska 2,245
116 3 0.2
Wyoming 707
122 2 0.3
Oregon 2,501
59 16 0.4
Hawaii 483
34 5 0.4
Kansas 4,982
171 14 0.5
Vermont 247
40 3 0.5
Utah 2,204
69 22 0.7
Tennessee 12,197
179 55 0.8
Arkansas 5,743
190 25 0.8
Idaho 2,046
115 15 0.8
Mississippi 7,199
242 24 0.8
Washington 5,499
72 65 0.9
Montana 1,574
147 11 1.0
Arizona 17,344
238 76 1.0
Iowa 5,959
189 32 1.0
Delaware 1,626
167 10 1.0
Massachusetts 17,621
256 71 1.0
Rhode Island 2,671
252 11 1.0
Louisiana 10,382
223 46 1.0
North Dakota 1,494
196 8 1.0
South Dakota 1,967
222 9 1.0
Washington, D.C. 1,106
157 7 1.0
Texas 50,465
174 310 1.1
California 61,554
156 454 1.1
Colorado 6,449
112 65 1.1
Missouri 9,097
148 67 1.1
Indiana 13,349
198 75 1.1
Virginia 10,791
126 100 1.2
North Carolina 12,651
121 128 1.2
Alabama 10,913
223 62 1.3
Maine 789
59 17 1.3
Nevada 5,464
177 42 1.4
Connecticut 8,097
227 50 1.4
Ohio 19,284
165 162 1.4
Minnesota 7,160
127 81 1.4
Kentucky 6,517
146 68 1.5
New Hampshire 1,305
96 21 1.5
Puerto Rico 2,315
73 50 1.6
Wisconsin 7,567
130 94 1.6
South Carolina 9,520
185 90 1.7
Illinois 24,358
192 219 1.7
Alaska 347
47 13 1.8
Oklahoma 6,788
172 72 1.8
New York State 52,057
268 362 1.9
Maryland 8,776
145 115 1.9
Florida 35,968
168 434 2.0
New Mexico 4,067
194 43 2.1
Georgia 20,212
190 237 2.2
Pennsylvania 26,327
206 289 2.3
New Jersey 25,600
288 220 2.5
Michigan 18,893
189 484 4.8

Data is incomplete with regard to the 135 people apparently risen from the dead in West Virginia.  





Edited by Ambergris
  • Thanks 2
  • Haha 1
Link to comment

It doesn’t appear to be abating just changing from state to state and country to country.  Is anyone seeing a specific pattern that might indicate if any particular action makes it worsen or lessen? 

Link to comment

Generally speaking, the deaths are a couple of weeks behind the contagion and the contagion is in reverse order of percentage of the population that is vaccinated, except in the very thinly populated states.

  • Thanks 1
Link to comment

Nearly two months on, India’s devastating Covid-19 wave is still unrelenting
No end in sight.
By Manavi Kapur
It has been eight weeks since India’s second Covid-19 wave began, and millions of Indians continue their frantic search for basic healthcare facilities—oxygen, medicines, hospital beds. Once lauded for its low death rate, the country may be staring at an orphan crisis because of mass fatalities.  India recorded 414,188 new Covid-19 cases and 3,915 deaths yesterday (May 6). At the start of the second wave around March 15, India was recording approximately 25,000 cases and 150 deaths a day. While India’s total Covid-19 fatalities were nearly 160,000 in one year of the pandemic till mid-March, it added 80,000 deaths to its tally since then.  The catastrophic second wave Covid-19 took even the government by surprise, and two months on, efforts to actively mitigate this disaster are not nearly enough.
Despite high-level meetings chaired by prime minister Narendra Modi, Covid-19 patients are dying at small hospitals even in some of India’s largest cities. There are not enough hospital beds, those with ventilators are even more scarce, and oxygen is the new currency Indians are either chasing or hoarding out of fear. All this while, people are dying even in glitzy urban agglomerations.  On May 5, NDTV news channel reported that six people had died at Gurugram’s Kriti Hospital, allegedly because there wasn’t enough oxygen. A ghastly video shows a locked ICU room and all hospital staff missing from the scene. As patients’ relatives make their way into the ICU, they find body after body.  Later, the administrator at the hospital admitted that the staff had to hide for their safety, till the police could reach them. Deaths by oxygen shortage are by no means isolated instances. At Delhi’s Batra Hospital, 12 people died because the hospital’s oxygen supply was not replenished on time on May 1. One of those dead was a senior doctor being treated for Covid-19.

This oxygen crisis has persisted despite the Delhi high court and India’s Supreme Court hearing the matter on an urgent basis. Meanwhile, states have been in an ugly political tussle with the central government over oxygen allocation and supply.  It was only on May 5 that Delhi, for instance, received the full 700 metric tons of medical oxygen that it was allocated. The Delhi chief minister claims that if this oxygen supply can be sustained—and augmented to over 900 metric tons—he can add nearly 9,000 oxygenated beds for Covid-19 patients. Delhi also announced a website for booking oxygen cylinders for those in home isolation through proper government channels.

These measures have been too slow to come. Even now, Indians have had to stand in queues for hours to get oxygen cylinders filled, wait for the benevolence of strangers on social media, and risk getting duped by those in it to make a quick buck. And this is the story of India’s capital—one of the most developed cities in the country with some of the best health infrastructure.  But the city still does not have a Covid-19 war room, a crucial aspect of triaging cases and managing access to healthcare that states like Maharashtra and Kerala have been able to successfully implement. There is no single entity coordinating hospital admissions even today, and patients are left running around the city looking for beds or calling in favours.  Not only are steps like the oxygen website coming in with an undesirable lag, but the Indian government also has not recalibrated its priorities to take on this pandemic of unprecedented proportions head-on.
Till the last week of April, Indian states were in the grip of a feisty election, hotly contested particularly in the state of West Bengal. Since the start of the second wave of Covid-19, cases in Kolkata, the state’s capital, have shot up exponentially, taking test positivity rates as high as 50%.  But perhaps the largest toll of India’s elections came in the form of village-level polls in Uttar Pradesh. Teachers were forced to attend polling station duties, even if they were ill. Teachers’ unions have assessed that 700 such teachers died because of this polling duty.  Religious events and polling aside, a large number of farmers are still camped at Delhi’s borders in protest against the Modi government’s farm laws.  The fear now is that as Covid-19 spreads to India’s villages, the lack of awareness about the disease and the poor mechanism of reporting deaths is going to spell catastrophe for large swathes of the population.  But the Indian government has other things on its plate.
India’s foreign minister S Jaishankar is currently in London for the G7 meeting but has now been forced to attend it virtually. Source-based reports say that two members from the Indian contingent tested positive for Covid-19, and sent the rest of the team into a forced quarantine in London. India is currently on the UK’s red list for travellers because of its current outbreak.  This is not a good look for a government that has been worried about the global perception of its pandemic response.

For instance, reacting to a news report published in The Australian newspaper, the Indian High Commission in Canberra said that it took exception to the report as being “completely baseless, malicious, and slanderous.” The news report directly blamed prime minister Narendra Modi for the “viral apocalypse.”

India’s information & broadcasting ministry also held a virtual workshop for officers to help them “create a positive image of the government,” according to a source-based report in the Hindustan Times newspaper on May 5.  As if that weren’t enough, India’s foreign ministry had to sweep into action when it found out that embassies in India were sending out SOS calls for oxygen cylinders to members of the opposition party instead of the ministry. After Srinivas BV, an Indian Youth Congress leader, helped the embassy of the Philippines and the high commission of New Zealand in Delhi, the foreign ministry sent out a protocol document for how these emergencies should be handled. This included going through the ministry’s Covid Cell channel.

An investigation by news platform Article 14 revealed that the foreign ministry’s Covid Cell for diplomatic missions was reactivated—after it was initially set up in March 2020—only on May 1, after the SOS call from the Philippines embassy.  If that diplomatic embarrassment wasn’t enough, the Delhi high court asked the central government about why 3,000 oxygen concentrators, which came as part of foreign aid, were stuck at the customs, based on photographs circulated by newswires. India’s customs authority had to issue a clarification that no such consignment was stuck at the airport, and yet, if someone found said consignment, they should immediately alert the authority.

  • Thanks 1
  • Sad 1
Link to comment

Gudwaras are offering free oxygen where available, by the way.




May 7 Reuters Anuron MitraNivedita Bhattacharjee

India's main opposition leader Rahul Gandhi warned on Friday that unless the deadly second COVID-19 wave sweeping the country was brought under control it would decimate India as well as threaten the rest of the world.  In a letter, Gandhi implored Prime Minister Narendra Modi to prepare for another national lockdown, accelerate a country-wide vaccination programme and scientifically track the virus and its mutations.

Gandhi said the world's second-most populous nation had a responsibility in "a globalised and interconnected world" to stop the "explosive" growth of COVID-19 within its borders.  "India is home to one out of every six human beings on the planet. The pandemic has demonstrated that our size, genetic diversity and complexity make India fertile ground for the virus to rapidly mutate, transforming itself into a more contagious and more dangerous form," wrote Gandhi.  "Allowing the uncontrollable spread of the virus in our country will be devastating not only for our people but also for the rest of the world."

India's highly infectious COVID-19 variant B.1.617 has already spread to other countries such as Britain, forcing nations to cut or restrict movements from India.  In the past week, India has reported an extra 1.5 million new infections and record daily death tolls as its hospitals run out of beds and medical oxygen. Since the start of the pandemic, it has reported 21.49 million cases and 234,083 deaths. It currently has 3.6 million active cases.

Modi has been widely criticised for not acting sooner to suppress the second wave, after religious festivals and political rallies drew tens of thousands of people in recent weeks and became "super spreader" events.  His government has also been criticised for lifting social restrictions too soon following the first wave and for delays in the country's vaccination programme, which medical experts say is India's only hope of controlling the second COVID-19 wave.

While India is the world's biggest vaccine maker, it is struggling to produce and distribute enough doses to stem the wave of COVID-19.

Modi has stressed that Indian states must keep up vaccination rates. Although the country has administered at least 157 million vaccine doses, its rate of inoculation has fallen sharply in recent days.  "After having achieved a rate of around 4 million a day, we are now down to 2.5 million per day due to vaccine shortages," Amartya Lahiri, an economics professor at University of British Columbia was quoted as saying in the Mint newspaper.  "The 5 million a day target is the lower bound of what we have to aim for, since even at that rate, it will take a year for us to get everyone two doses. The situation unfortunately is very grim."

India reported another record daily rise in coronavirus cases, 414,188, on Friday, bringing total new cases for the week to 1.57 million. Deaths from COVID-19 rose by 3,915 to 234,083.

Medical experts say the real extent of COVID-19 in India is five to 10 times the official tallies.  India's healthcare system is crumbling under the weight of patients, with hospitals running out of beds and medical oxygen. Morgues and crematoriums can not handle the number of dead and makeshift funeral pyres burn in parks and carparks.

Prominent U.S. disease modeller Chris Murray, from the University of Washington, said the sheer magnitude of infections in India in a short period of time suggests an "escape variant" may be overpowering any prior immunity from natural infections.  Infections are now spreading from overcrowded cities to remote rural villages that are home to nearly 70% of the 1.3 billion population.

Although northern and western India bear the brunt of the disease, southern India now seems to be turning into the new epicentre. The share of the five southern states in the country's daily surge in infections rose from 28% to 33% in the first seven days of May, data shows.  In the southern city of Chennai, only one in a hundred oxygen supported beds and two in a hundred beds in intensive care units (ICUs) were vacant on Thursday, from a vacancy rate of over 20% each two weeks ago, government data showed.  In India's tech capital Bengaluru, also in the south, only 23 of the 590 beds in ICUs were vacant, and only 1 in 50 beds with a ventilator were vacant, a situation officials say points to an impending crisis.

The test-positivity rate — the percentage of people tested who are found to have the disease — in the city of 12.5 million has tripled to almost 39% as of Wednesday, from about 13% two weeks ago, data showed.  Bengaluru has 325,000 active COVID-19 cases, with demand for ICU and high-dependency unit (HDU) beds up more than 20 fold, said H. M. Prasanna, president of the Private Hospitals and Nursing Homes Association in Karnataka state, which includes Bengaluru.  "Every patient coming to the hospital needs a ICU or a HDU bed...that is why patients are running from one hospital to another searching for an ICU bed," he said.  "There is also short supply of medical oxygen...Most of the small hospitals now who can't procure oxygen on a daily basis are refusing to admit COVID patients."


  • Thanks 1
  • Sad 1
Link to comment

May 6:
Brazil recorded 73,380 additional confirmed cases of the coronavirus in the past 24 hours, the Health Ministry said on Thursday, bringing the total number of confirmed cases in Latin America's largest country above the 15 million mark.

The ministry also said Brazil recorded 2,550 fatalities from COVID-19 in the last 24 hours, lifting the official death toll to 416,949.

(per Reuters)

Edited by Ambergris
  • Thanks 1
Link to comment
On 5/2/2021 at 11:52 AM, dogmom4 said:

In the first article about India the writer called their variation a ‘double mutant’. Does anyone what the Indian variant is actually called? Has it been found in the US? 

Here's a chart for which variants are found where:



I haven't found the Indian on it, because "sporadic" is a thin slice.


Edited by Ambergris
  • Thanks 2
Link to comment
On 5/6/2021 at 12:48 PM, Mother said:

It doesn’t appear to be abating just changing from state to state and country to country.  Is anyone seeing a specific pattern that might indicate if any particular action makes it worsen or lessen? 

Dry air makes it worse.  Circulating a breath deep in your lungs and projecting it out into the air is more likely to project the virus particles with it, thus the ban on singing outdoors and sports/cheerleading.

With at least nineteen variants having been identified that have at least 1000 cases each in the US, however, there's a lot of room for each to have its own comfort zone.

  • Thanks 1
  • Sad 1
Link to comment

Egypt may be one of the next headlines countries.  Cases are on the rise, and deaths are averaging not quite 30% less than they were at the peak of their one-month death spike.  My guess is that deaths are significantly higher now, but not being fully reported.

The fun information is that the one of the main vaccines there is BBIBP, also known as Sinovac, which as you might have guessed is a Chinese product.  The Chinese government is testing it in places including Egypt, and it is an "inactivated-virus" vaccine.  Surely nothing could go wrong with that.

Interim data from late-stage trials in Turkey and Indonesia showed that the vaccine was 91.25% and 65.3% effective respectively.  Researchers in Brazil initially said it was 78% effective in their clinical trials, but in January 2021 revised that figure to 50.4% after including more data in their calculations. Earlier in November, their trials were briefly halted after the reported death of a volunteer, but resumed after the death was found to have no links to the vaccine.

  • Sad 4
Link to comment

People truly are guinea pigs it seems.  But we have been for a long long time.   This tells of some of them but there's more to be found if you search deep.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unethical_human_experimentation_in_the_United_States      Wiki might not be the most reliable source but it definitely gives one a place to start searching.  


One such 'study' I read about (not sure where now) was that 'they' sprayed a substance in the skies over CA, I believe it was in the 30's, and then required doctors to report certain 'symptoms' to the health department. It turns out the substance was part of a biological weapon's study.  It was thought this was safe but it appears people were ill for years after.  Of course conspiracy theories abound, like with Lyme Disease being researched at Plum Island's animal research lab, most of which can't exactly be proven. Still, those theories do raise doubt.  


Having been the victim of both Lyme Disease, several vaccine 'reactions', and severe chronic/autoimmune diseases without known causes (or cures) I'm willing to admit I might be more cautious and suspicious than some.   :shrug:

  • Like 2
  • Sad 3
Link to comment

Mucormycosis: The 'black fungus' maiming Covid patients in India
Soutik Biswas - India correspondent
Sat, May 8, 2021, 9:37 PM·
On Saturday morning, Dr Akshay Nair, a Mumbai-based eye surgeon, was waiting to operate on a 25-year-old woman who had recovered from a bout of Covid-19 three weeks ago.  Inside the surgery, an ear, nose and throat specialist was already at work on the patient, a diabetic.  He had inserted a tube in her nose and was removing tissues infected with mucormycosis, a rare but dangerous fungal infection. This aggressive infection affects the nose, eye and sometimes the brain. After his colleague finished, Dr Nair would carry out a three hour procedure to remove the patient's eye.  "I will be removing her eye to save her life. That's how this disease works," Dr Nair told me.

Even as a deadly second wave of Covid-19 ravages India, doctors are now reporting a rash of cases involving a rare infection - also called the "black fungus" - among recovering and recovered Covid-19 patients.

What is mucormycosis?  Mucormycosis is a very rare infection. It is caused by exposure to mucor mould which is commonly found in soil, plants, manure, and decaying fruits and vegetables. "It is ubiquitous and found in soil and air and even in the nose and mucus of healthy people," says Dr Nair.

It affects the sinuses, the brain and the lungs and can be life-threatening in diabetic or severely immunocompromised individuals, such as cancer patients or people with HIV/AIDS.  Doctor believe mucormycosis, which has an overall mortality rate of 50%, may be being triggered by the use of steroids, a life-saving treatment for severe and critically ill Covid-19 patients.  Steroids reduce inflammation in the lungs for Covid-19 and appear to help stop some of the damage that can happen when the body's immune system goes into overdrive to fight off coronavirus. But they also reduce immunity and push up blood sugar levels in both diabetics and non-diabetic Covid-19 patients.  It's thought that this drop in immunity could be triggering these cases of mucormycosis.
Steroids are an essential life-saving drug for Covid patients  "Diabetes lowers the body's immune defences, coronavirus exacerbates it, and then steroids which help fight Covid-19 act like fuel to the fire," says Dr Nair.  Dr Nair - who works in three hospitals in Mumbai, one of the worst-hit cities in the second wave - says he has already seen some 40 patients suffering from the fungal infection in April. Many of them were diabetics who had recovered from Covid-19 at home. Eleven of them had to have an eye surgically removed.  Between December and February, just six of his colleagues in five cities - Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Delhi and Pune - reported 58 cases of the infection. Most of the patients contracted it between 12 to 15 days after recovery from Covid-19.

Mumbai's busy Sion Hospital has reported 24 cases of the fungal infection in the past two months, up from six cases a year, according to Dr Renuka Bradoo, head of the hospital's ear, nose and throat wing.  Eleven of them had to lose an eye, and six of them died. Most of her patients are middle-aged diabetics who were struck down by the fungus two weeks after recovering from Covid-19. "We are already seeing two to three cases a week here. It's a nightmare inside a pandemic," she told me.

In the southern city of Bengaluru, Dr Raghuraj Hegde, an eye surgeon, tells a similar story. He has seen 19 cases of mucormycosis in the past two weeks, most of them young patients. "Some were so sick that we couldn't even operate on them."

Doctors say they are surprised by the severity and the frequency of this fungal infection during the second wave, compared to some cases during the first wave last year.

Dr Nair says he has come across not more than 10 cases in Mumbai in the past two years. "This year is something different," he says.

In Bengaluru, Dr Hegde had never seen more than one or two cases a year in over a decade of practice.  Patients suffering from the fungal infection typically have symptoms of stuffy and bleeding nose; swelling of and pain in the eye; drooping of eyelids; and blurred and finally, loss of vision. There could be black batches of skin around the nose.   Doctors say most of their patients arrive late, when they are already losing vision, and doctors have to surgically remove the eye to stop the infection from reaching the brain.  In some cases, doctors in India say, patients have lost their vision in both eyes. And in rare cases, doctors have to surgically remove the jaw bone in order to stop the disease from spreading.  An anti-fungal intravenous injection which costs 3,500 rupees ($48) a dose and has to be administered every day up to eight weeks is the only drug effective against the disease.

One way to stall the possibility of the fungal infection was to make sure that Covid-19 patients - both in treatment and after recovery - were being administered the right dose and duration of steroids, says Dr Rahul Baxi, a Mumbai-based diabetologist.  He says he treated some 800 diabetic Covid-19 patients in the past year, and none of them contracted the fungal infection. "Doctors should take care of the sugar levels after the patients are discharged," Dr Baxi told me.

A senior government official says there is "no big outbreak". Yet it is difficult to say why a growing number of cases of mucormycosis are being reported from all over the country. "The strain of the virus appears to be virulent, sending blood sugars soaring to very high levels. And strangely, the fungal infection is affecting a lot of young people," says Dr Hegde.  His youngest patient last month was a 27-year-old man, who was not even a diabetic. "We had to operate on him during his second week of Covid-19 and remove his eye. It's pretty devastating."

  • Sad 4
Link to comment

Sat, May 8, 2021, 6:57 AM·1 min read
The CDC acknowledged Friday that airborne spread of COVID-19 among people more than 6 feet apart "has been repeatedly documented."

Why it matters: This is "a change from the agency’s previous position that most infections were acquired through 'close contact, not airborne transmission,'" the N.Y. Times reports.
The new guidance says airborne transmission is more common when people are close, but "These transmission events have involved the presence of an infectious person exhaling virus indoors for an extended time (more than 15 minutes and in some cases hours) leading to virus concentrations in the air space sufficient to transmit infections to people more than 6 feet away, and in some cases to people who have passed through that space soon after the infectious person left."

The bottom line: Aerosol expert Linsey Marr "pointed out that one updated page on the C.D.C. website, entitled 'How Covid-19 Spreads,' says that inhaling the virus when people are far apart is 'uncommon,'" the Times noted.

"The statement is 'misleading and potentially harmful,'" Dr. Marr said.

  • Sad 4
Link to comment

Ambergris, I didn't know there were that many variants now. Sigh.  Thanks for your reports. Very much appreciated!  



15 hours ago, Ambergris said:

Steroids reduce inflammation in the lungs for Covid-19 and appear to help stop some of the damage that can happen when the body's immune system goes into overdrive to fight off coronavirus.

That was one of the initial fears when the 'vaccine' first came out. I remember them warning us not to ramp up our immune system with elderberry and echinacea etc. for fear of the immune system going into overdrive and destroying everything.  


Mother, I agree that we have been guinea pigs all along too. Never forget Tuskegee. Every time I hear a company brag about their product not being animal tested I think to myself, no not tested on animals but on humans. I've also heard horror stories about Plum Island. If only half of it is true...

  • Like 6
Link to comment

Here's what's known about the coronavirus variants

By Maggie Fox, CNN

Updated 7:48 PM ET, Fri May 7, 2021

(CNN)The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said this week it had designated a coronavirus variant first seen in India as a "variant of interest," adding it to the growing collection of viral variants it's keeping an eye on.  Vaccine makers are so worried about the chance new variants will escape the protection offered by immunization that they are already testing booster shots and tweaking their vaccine formulas to specifically target some of the more troubling variants.   And doctors around the world are warning that even more variants will arise as the virus continues to evolve inside the bodies of the tens of millions of people it is infecting.
The CDC has designated three levels of variants: variants of interest, which have the potential to be dangerous but haven't caused much disruption yet; variants of concern, which are more contagious, evade some treatments, cause more severe disease or get past diagnostic tests; and variants of high consequence, which significantly evade the effects of vaccines or treatments.  "Currently there are no SARS-CoV-2 variants that rise to the level of high consequence," CDC says.  Here's what's known about the variants of interest and variants of concern:

Variants of interest
In laboratory tests, all the CDC-designated variants of interest have been found to resist the immune attack in blood taken from people who have recovered from Covid-19, as well as from people who have been vaccinated.
B.1.526 - First seen in New York last November, B.1.526 has what's called a 484 mutation. To understand the variants, it's important first to understand the mutations that characterize them. The E484K mutation is a change in the part of the virus called the spike protein -- that's the knobby structure that sticks out from the surface of the virus. The change, in a region called the receptor binding domain, makes the virus attach more easily to the cells it infects and also makes the virus less recognizable to the immune system.  Tests show it can in theory resist the effects of Eli Lilly's combined monoclonal antibody treatment, although it's not clear if that translates into treatment failure, the CDC says. Regeneron's antibody cocktail treatment for Covid-19 seems to work against it. It has also been shown to resist the immune attack in blood taken from people who have recovered from Covid-19, as well as from people who have been vaccinated. It accounted for just under 9% of samples sequenced in the US as of April 10.  New CDC research published this week shows it's not associated with more severe infection or a greater risk of reinfection.
B.1.526.1 - Also first seen in New York, B.1.526.1 has a different pattern of mutations when compared to the original strain sequenced from China, including one called L452R that seems to help the virus infect cells more easily while at the same time making it harder for antibodies to attack.
B.1.617 - First seen in India in February, this one is sometimes misleadingly called a "double mutant" because it has both an L452R mutation and a 484 mutation -- although not quite the same 484 mutation seen in other worrying variants.
B.1.617.1, B.1.617.2 and B.1.617.3 - These were all first seen in India, and were circulating before B.1.617. They all have the same mutations as B.1.617, plus a few extras. Although Indian officials have said these new variants are driving the spike in coronavirus cases that is currently overwhelming the country's hospitals, the director of India's National Center for Disease Control, Sujeet Singh, said this week the evidence is lacking. "We have not been able to establish the epidemiological and clinical correlation completely yet," Singh said Wednesday.  British health officials, however, upgraded B.1.617.2 to a variant of concern Friday because of its rapid spread there. "There is currently insufficient evidence to indicate that any of the variants recently detected in India cause more severe disease or render the vaccines currently deployed any less effective," Public Health England said in a statement.  Dr. Chris Whitty, chief medical officer for England, said during a Royal Society webcast Thursday that the B.1.617 variants probably fall in the middle in terms of danger between B.1.1.7, which seems almost fully susceptible to vaccines and treatments, and B.1.351, which has been documented to infect people who recovered from infection with earlier variants of coronavirus, and also to partly evade the protection offered by vaccines.
B.1.525 - First seen in the UK and Nigeria, this one carries the E484K mutation. It's been found in fewer than 1% of samples tested in the United States. That surveillance is incomplete. This week, CDC director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said the United States is now sequencing approximately 8% of the country's roughly 450,000 weekly Covid-19 cases.
P.2 - Circulating in Brazil since last year, this variant also carries the worrying E484K mutation and has not been found widely globally.

Variants of concern
CDC defines these as variants for which there is evidence they are more transmissible, cause more severe disease, fail to respond to treatment, evade immune response or fail to be diagnosed by standard tests.
B.1.1.7 - The B.1.1.7 variant first seen in the UK has been shown to be at least 50% more transmissible and some evidence suggests it may cause more severe disease, although at least one study found no evidence of this. It carries 23 mutations, including one called N501Y that increases transmission.  It accounted for 60% of all samples tested in the US as of April 10, according to CDC. The University of Washington's Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation estimates it now accounts for virtually all new infections in 23 states.  It's fully susceptible to monoclonal antibody treatments and vaccines.  "We are confident that the vaccines that are least currently available in the UK work against that, for practical purposes," Whitty said.  A team in the Gulf state of Qatar tested the effectiveness of the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine during a time when Qatar was seeing circulation of the B.1.351 variant first seen in South Africa and the B. 1.1.7 variant first seen in the UK.  "The estimated effectiveness of the vaccine against any documented infection with the B.1.1.7 variant was 89.5% at 14 or more days after the second dose. The effectiveness against any documented infection with the B.1.351 variant was 75%," the researchers wrote in a letter to the New England Journal of Medicine.
B.1.351 - First seen in South Africa, this variant has both the E484K mutation that is linked with immune escape and the N501Y mutation suspected of helping make other variants more contagious. It has been shown to be 50% more transmissible and evades Lilly's dual monoclonal antibody treatment but not others. Blood tests and real-life use both suggest it can infect people who have recovered from coronavirus and also people who have been vaccinated against Covid-19.  Vaccine makers trying to get out ahead of the new variants by developing booster shots have focused on B.1.351, as it's the variant scientists most fear could elude vaccine protection. Moderna said Wednesday that a booster shot of its vaccine revs up the immune response against B.1.351 and another variant, P.1.  The good news is it does not seem to cause more severe disease, as initially feared, said Dr. Salim Abdool Karim, Director of the Center for the AIDS Program of Research in South Africa.  "It turns out in South Africa the evidence we have now is that it is not more severe," he told the Royal Society briefing. It does, however, escape the human immune response to a significant degree. It spread rapidly across South Africa, Karim has reported, accounting for 11% of viruses sequenced in October and 87% of samples sequenced in December. "If you were infected with the virus before, you are not fully protected this time," Karim said. "About one-half of the individuals who were exposed did get infected again."
P.1 - First seen in Brazil, it also has both the E484K and N501Y mutations, with more than 30 others. It has been demonstrated to evade the effects of Lilly's monoclonal antibody treatment but not one made by Regeneron. Blood tests show it might escape both natural and vaccine-elicited immune responses.
B.1.427 - First seen in California, this one has the L452R mutation. CDC says it's about 20% more transmissible and may partly resist the effects of Lilly's monoclonal antibody treatment. Blood tests suggest it might be able to re-infect people who have been vaccinated against Covid or who have recovered but that has not been demonstrated in real life yet.

B.1.429 -- Another so-called California variant, this one has the L452R mutation along with others and is similar to B.1.427 in other ways. It accounted for 4% of samples sequenced nationally as of April 10.  Last month a team at the University of California, San Francisco did in-depth sequencing of more than 2,000 samples from people who tested positive for coronavirus across California. They found the B.1.427/B.1.429 variants increased from no samples in September to half of all samples taken in January.
They seem to replicate better in the noses of infected people, something that could explain their faster spread, the UCSF team, led by Dr. Charles Chiu, reported in the journal Cell. But they are not as transmissible as the B.1.1.7 variant.

CNN's Virginia Langmaid contributed to this story.

  • Thanks 2
Link to comment

Countries reporting the most new infections each day on the average of the last seven days:
INDIA          391,280

BRAZIL         59,986

USA              44,754

TURKEY       23,819


Countries reporting the most deaths each day *
INDIA                3,831

BRAZIL              2,126

USA                     688

COLOMBIA         449

ARGENTINA        420



  • Thanks 1
  • Sad 1
Link to comment

Countries reporting the most new infections each day (averaging last seven days)
INDIA             390,996

BRAZIL             61,411

USA                  41,384

TURKEY           20,688

ARGENTINA    20,354


Countries reporting the most deaths each day (averaging last seven days)
INDIA                3,880

BRAZIL             2,100

USA                    679

COLOMBIA        451

ARGENTINA      439

Currently hospitalized USA
May 2-9 average: 34,315  The average number of COVID-19 patients in US hospitals fell 9%, the second weekly drop in a row.


  DEATHS TO DATE ONE-WEEK TOTAL for the week ending May 9
State Total deaths Per 100K New deaths Per 100K 1-wk chg.
United States 582,085
175 4,756 1.4
Michigan 19,377
194 484 4.8
Florida 36,445
170 477 2.2
California 61,957
157 403 1.0
Texas 50,851
175 386 1.3
New York State 52,387
269 330 1.7
Pennsylvania 26,589
208 262 2.0
Illinois 24,577
194 219 1.7
New Jersey 25,801
291 201 2.3
Georgia 20,367
192 155 1.5
Ohio 19,428
166 144 1.2
North Carolina 12,780
122 129 1.2
Virginia 10,895
128 104 1.2
Wisconsin 7,652
131 85 1.5
Missouri 9,173
150 76 1.2
Maryland 8,851
146 75 1.2
South Carolina 9,592
186 72 1.4
Minnesota 7,231
128 71 1.3
Kentucky 6,586
147 69 1.5
Indiana 13,418
199 69 1.0
Alabama 10,978
224 65 1.3
Washington 5,564
73 65 0.9
Arizona 17,409
239 65 0.9
Massachusetts 17,682
257 61 0.9
Puerto Rico 2,374
74 59 1.8
Colorado 6,508
113 59 1.0
Tennessee 12,255
180 58 0.8
Louisiana 10,433
224 51 1.1
Oklahoma 6,832
173 44 1.1
Connecticut 8,137
228 40 1.1
West Virginia 2,726
152 40 2.2
Kansas 5,016
172 34 1.2
Nevada 5,498
179 34 1.1
New Mexico 4,098
195 31 1.5
Oregon 2,530
60 29 0.7
Mississippi 7,228
243 29 1.0
Iowa 5,985
190 26 0.8
Utah 2,224
69 20 0.6
Montana 1,592
149 18 1.7
Arkansas 5,760
191 17 0.6
Rhode Island 2,687
254 16 1.5
Idaho 2,061
115 15 0.8
South Dakota 1,980
224 13 1.5
Delaware 1,636
168 10 1.0
New Hampshire 1,315
97 10 0.7
Nebraska 2,251
116 6 0.3
Maine 795
59 6 0.4
Hawaii 488
35 5 0.4
North Dakota 1,499
197 5 0.7
Washington, D.C. 1,110
157 4 0.6
Wyoming 710
123 3 0.5
Vermont 249
40 2 0.3
Alaska 349
48 2 0.3


  • Thanks 1
Link to comment

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

  • Create New...

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use.